C. Scott Clark

C. Scott Clark

Emeritus

Kettering Lab Complex

COM EH Indstr Hygiene Clark Lab -

Department of Environmental Health, Kettering Lab Complex
16 Panzeca Way
Cincinnati, Ohio 45267-0056

Professional Summary

~~Scott Clark, Ph.D., P.E., CIH, became Professor Emeritus in Environmental Health in 2011 after being on the full-time faculty for over forty (40) years.  Since that time he has continued his efforts to achieve the global elimination of the use of lead in new paints and on the use of direct reading instruments to determine the content of lead and other metals in various environmental media.
For many years he and other colleagues at the University of Cincinnati have been engaged in studies to determine pathways of lead exposure for children living in and near older housing where lead paint had been used prior to it being banned and to evaluate lead paint hazard reduction methods. While on a sabbatical leave in India and Singapore in 2003 he found very high concentrations of lead in new household paint manufactured by some of the largest paint companies in India, China and Malaysia. He and others then called for a global effort to eliminate the use of lead in paints such as the earlier one to eliminate use of lead in gasoline.  Most of his efforts since that time have been focused on the development of such a global effort through collaboration with an international network of non-governmental organizations (IPEN) that focused on reducing toxic chemical exposures. These efforts resulted in the creation of a Global Alliance to Eliminate the Use of Lead in Paint by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Environmental Program.
Among his other professional activities have been:
• Serving as Director of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Education and Research Center at the University of Cincinnati.
• Principal Investigator of major USEPA and HUD-supported projects to develop approaches to reduce health hazards from lead-based paint contamination in and near housing.
• Supporting the efforts of a graduate of the UC program to create India’s first masters level occupational hygiene and safety program at the Sardar Patel University.
• Supporting the development of occupational safety and hygiene programs in Poland and Singapore.
•   Earlier in his career conducting health studies of exposures resulting from occupational exposure to wastewater and wastewater sludge treatment and hazardous chemicals.
 

Education

B.S., Antioch College Yellow Springs OH, 1961 (Engineering-Science)

M.S., Johns Hopkins University Baltimore MD, 1963 (Environmental Engineering)

Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University Baltimore Maryland, 1965 (Environmental Engineering)

Research and Practice Interests

My primary research objectives are (1) the determination of the human health effects of exposures to waste materials and (2) the determination of residential housing factors responsible for pediatric lead poisoning. The former includes both occupational and public exposures and involves biological as well as chemical agents. The wastewater exposure situations are land application, sludge composting, conventional wastewater treatment and sewer maintenance. Public exposures include air and drinking water contamination from hazardous waste facilities. An important aspect of the chemical exposure studies is the development of methods to assess exposures to waste mixtures. The residential lead exposure studies involve determination of the role of the dust pathway and determination of the relative influence of paint, traffic and industrial sources.

Research Support

Grant: #NCHH-07-1064 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 09-15-2006 -09-07-2010 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Academic Partners Public Health Training Program Role:PI $111,222.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #58-3148-7-034 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 11-01-2006 -10-31-2009 Department of Agriculture Lead Exposure Assessment of a Population Living Near a Secondary Lead Smelter Role:PI $35,055.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #OHLHT0113-06 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 11-01-2006 -04-30-2009 Department of Housing and Urban Development Determination of the Effectiveness of Interim Soil Lead Hazard Control Measures, Applied Six to Ten Years Earlier, on Interior and Exterior Dust Lead Role:PI $420,600.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #Q105-040-P354-1904 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 04-01-2005 -03-31-2011 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Development of Dust Control Systems for Small-Scale Quartz Grinding Units in India Role:PI $35,001.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #1003965 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 10-01-2005 -09-30-2008 Department of Housing and Urban Development Longevity of Effectiveness of Interim Soil Lead Hazard Control Measures and Influencing Factors Role:PI $540,692.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #T42CCT510420 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 07-01-2002 -06-30-2006 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Educational Resource Center Pilot Project Research Training Program Role:PI $3,187,220.26 Closed Level:Federal

Investigators:Clark, C Scott 03-01-2003 -02-26-2005 Department of Housing and Urban Development Impact of Soil Lead Control on Exterior and Interior Dust Lead Loading Role:PI $188,150.00 Closed Level:Federal

Investigators:Clark, C Scott 10-01-2003 -09-30-2005 Department of Housing and Urban Development Comparison of Methods for the Collection of Exterior Dust in Residential Environment for Lead Determination and Other Purposes Role:PI $233,420.00 Closed Level:Federal

Investigators:Clark, C Scott 07-01-2003 -06-30-2004 Department of Housing and Urban Development Influence of Common Area Lead Hazards and Common Area Lead Hazard Control Role:PI $23,700.00 Closed Level:Federal

Investigators:Clark, C Scott 09-15-2003 -09-14-2006 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Healthy Homes Training Center and Network Role:PI $52,005.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #AIHAF-06-01-A0-S0-E0 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 07-01-1999 -06-30-2001 American Industrial Hygiene Association Foundation American Industrial Hygiene Foundation Award Role:PI $500.00 Closed Level:Private Non-Profit

Grant: #SRS 004178 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 02-09-2006 -02-09-2007 Department of Housing and Urban Development Master Agreement for Lead Safety Research Role:PI $.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #HUD-02-05-A0-S0-E0 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 04-01-1995 -11-30-2000 Department of Housing and Urban Development Cincinnati Abatement Program Role:PI $729,524.18 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #CX823708-01-A0-S4-E2 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 11-04-1994 -12-31-1999 Environmental Protection Agency Sponsored Regional Lead Training Centers Role:PI $501,310.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #T42CCT510420-08-A0-S0-E0 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 07-01-1997 -06-30-2002 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Educational Resource Center Role:PI $3,971,079.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #OHLHR0026-97-03-A0-S0-E0 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 10-17-1997 -02-29-2000 Department of Housing and Urban Development Evaluation and Control of Residential Lead Paint Hazards Role:PI $409,760.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #OHLPR0010-95-01-A0-S1-E0 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 07-01-1995 -12-31-2003 Department of Housing and Urban Development Data Management for a 2-Year Extension of Evaluation of HUD Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Program Role:PI $1,854,057.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #HUD-01-04-A0-S0-E0 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 01-01-1996 -06-30-2003 Department of Housing and Urban Development Evaluation Project Coordinator for the National Center for Lead-Safe Housing Role:PI $2,748,217.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #AIHAF-05-01-A0-S0-E0 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 07-01-1998 -03-31-2000 American Industrial Hygiene Association Foundation American Industrial Hygiene Foundation Award Role:PI $1,000.00 Closed Level:Private Non-Profit

Grant: #OHLHR0054-99-01-A0-S0-E0 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 09-13-1999 -03-12-2003 Department of Housing and Urban Development Research to Improve the Evaluation and Control of Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazards Role:PI $1,085,376.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #OHLHT0157-07 Investigators:Clark, C Scott; Menrath, William; Patrick, Sandra; Succop, Paul 11-01-2007 -01-31-2010 Department of Housing and Urban Development Testing and Improving the Accuracy of a Commercially Available Wipe Method Used to Test for Lead in Settled Dust Role:Collaborator $328,020.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #OHLHT0163-07 Investigators:Clark, C Scott; Menrath, William; Patrick, Sandra; Succop, Paul 11-01-2007 -10-31-2009 Department of Housing and Urban Development Evaluating the Influence of Exterior Dust Lead, Soil Lead, and Interim Soil Lead Hazard Control Treatments on Interior Dust Lead Levels Role:PI $242,910.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #ACT - Clark Investigators:Clark, C Scott; Patrick, Sandra 04-01-2008 -06-30-2010 Accountability & Credibility Together ACT Research Agreement Role:PI $101,228.00 Closed Level:Private Non-Profit

Grant: #NCHH-08-1127 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 11-01-2007 -09-30-2010 Department of Housing and Urban Development HUD Lead Technical Studies Role:PI $89,354.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #NCHH-08-1126 Investigators:Clark, C Scott; Patrick, Sandra 05-01-2008 -12-31-2011 Department of Housing and Urban Development NCHH Subcontract- A Study of the Long-Term Effectiveness of Lead-Safe Window Replacement Role:PI $52,000.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #OHLHT0169-08 Investigators:Clark, C Scott; Jarrell, Judy; Menrath, William 12-15-2008 -02-14-2012 Department of Housing and Urban Development An Efficacy Assessment (Short-And Long-Term) of Lead Safe Renovation and Visual Assessment Training Role:Collaborator $467,563.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #OHLHT0167-08 Investigators:Clark, C Scott; Menrath, William; Patrick, Sandra; Succop, Paul 12-15-2008 -12-15-2011 Department of Housing and Urban Development Use of Existing Database to Evaluate Use of Fluorescence Analyzers to Determine Whether Toys and Other Painted Items Meet CPSC Limit for Lead in Paint Role:PI $249,878.00 Active Level:Federal

Grant: #SRS 006180 Investigators:Clark, C Scott; Patrick, Sandra 02-02-2009 -03-31-2012 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc- Business Service Agreement Role:PI $68,220.00 Closed Level:Industry

Grant: #EP-11-H-000738 Investigators:Clark, C Scott 07-01-2011 -08-31-2012 Environmental Protection Agency Development of Data to Support the Characterization of Lead Concentrations in Residential Paint Role:PI $25,000.00 Closed Level:Federal

Publications

Peer Reviewed Publications

Reece R.M.;Reed A.J.;Clark C.S. (10-01-1972. )Elevated blood lead levels and the in situ analysis of wall paint by x-ray fluorescence. American Journal of Diseases of Children, ,124 (4 ),500-502

Clark C.; Cleary E.; Eller P.; Lingg R.; Pesci E. (01-01-1974. )Efficiency Evaluation of a Treatment System For The Reuse Of Field Hospital Wastewater. SAE Prepr, ,(740928 ),

Cody T.;Christian R.;Elia V.;Clark C. (12-01-1975. )Cell Culture As a Toxicity Bioassay For Potable Reuse Water. 408-412

Clark C.S.;Cleary E.J.;Schiff G.M.;Linneman C.C.;Phair J.P.;Briggs T.M. (04-01-1976. )Disease Risks Of Occupational Exposure To Sewage .ASCE J Environ Eng Div, ,102 (2 ),375-388

Clark C.S.;Bjornson A.B.;Schiff G.M.;Phair J.P.;Van Meer G.L.;Gartside P.S. (05-07-1977. )Sewage Worker's Syndrome.The Lancet, ,309 (8019 ),1009

Elia V.;Clark C.;McGinnis K. (07-01-1978. )Ozonation in a wastewater reuse system: examination of products formed .Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, ,50 (7 ),1727-1732

Cody T.;Elia V.;Clark C.;Christian R. (12-01-1979. )Integrated Use Of Bioassays And Chemical Analyses To Evaluate The Quality Of Reuse Water. Tectonophysics, ,3 ,2230-2238

Hammond P.;Clark C.;Gartside P.;Berger O.;Walker A.;Michael L. (08-01-1980. )Fecal lead excretion in young children as related to sources of lead in their environments.International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ,46 (3 ),191-202

Majeti V.;Clark C. (04-01-1981. )Health Risks Of Organics In Land Application .Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, ,107 (2 ),339-358

Sterling D.;Clark C.;Bjornson S. (01-01-1982. )The effect of air control systems on the indoor distributions of viable particles.Environment International, ,8 (1-6 ),409-414

Gillespie V.L.;Clark C.S.;BjornsoN H.S.;Samuels S.J.;Holland J.W. (12-01-1981. )A comparison of two-stage and six-stage Andersen impactors for viable aerosols.American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, ,42 (12 ),858-864

Clark C.;Meyer C.;Gartside P.;Majeti V.;Specker B.;Balistreri W.;Elia V. (05-28-1982. )An environmental health survey of drinking water contamination by leachate from a pesticide waste du .Archives of Environmental Health, ,37 (1 ),9-18

Anderson T.;Barrett G.;Clark C. (04-01-1982. )Metal concentrations in tissues of meadow voles from sewage sludge-treated fields .Journal of Environmental Quality, ,11 (2 ),272-277

Lurker P.;Clark C.;Elia V. (12-01-1982. )Atmospheric release of chlorinated organic compounds from the activated sludge process .Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, ,54 (12 ),1566-1573

Clark C.S.;Rylander R.;Larsson L. (01-01-1983. )Levels of gram-negative bacteria, Aspergillus fumigatus, dust, and endotoxin at compost plants .Applied and Environmental Microbiology, ,45 (5 ),1501-1505

Decker D.;Clark C.;Elia V.;Kominsky J.;Trapp J. (04-01-1983. )Worker Exposure to Organic Vapors at a Liquid Chemical Waste Incinerator.American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, ,44 (4 ),296-300

Clark C. (01-01-1983. )Health effects associated with wastewater treatment and disposal .Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, ,55 (6 ),679-682

Lurker P.;Clark C.;Elia V.;Gartside P.;Kinman R. (02-01-1983. )Worker Exposure to Chlorinated Organic Compounds from the Activated-sludge Wastewater Treatment Proc.American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, ,44 (2 ),109-112

Hammond P.;Bornschein R.;Succop P.;Clark C. (12-01-1983. )Profiles Of Lead Burdens In Early Childhood. A Longitudinal Study In A High Risk Environment. 262-268

Elia V.;Clark C.;Majeti V.;Gartside P.;MacDonald T.;Richdale N.;Meyer C.;Van Meer G.;Hunninen K. (01-01-1983. )Hazardous chemical exposure at a municipal wastewater treatment plant.Environmental Research, ,32 (3 ),360-371

Clark C.;Linnemann C.;Clark J.;Gartside P. (01-01-1984. )Enteric parasites in workers occupationally exposed to sewage .Journal of Occupational Medicine, ,26 (4 ),273-275

Clark C. (01-01-1984. )Health effects associated with wastewater treatment and disposal .Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, ,56 (6 ),625-627

Lurker P.;Clark C.;Elia V.;Gartside P.;Kinman R. (01-01-1984. )Aerial organic chemical release from activated sludge.Water Research, ,18 (4 ),489-494

Clark C.;Bjornson H.;Fulton-Schwartz J. (12-01-1984. )Biological health risks associated with the composting of wastewater treatment plant sludge .Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, ,56 (12 ),1269-1276

Clark C.;Linnemann C.;Gartside P.;Phair J.;Blacklow N.;Zeiss C. (03-13-1985. )Serologic survey of rotavirus, Norwalk agent and Prototheca wickerhamii in wastewater workers .American Journal of Public Health, ,75 (1 ),83-85

Barsky J.;Que Hee S.;Clark C. (01-01-1985. )An Evaluation of the Response of Some Portable, Direct-Reading 10.2 eV and 11.8 eV Photoionization D.American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, ,46 (1 ),9-14

Clark C. (06-01-1985. )Health effects associated with wastewater treatment and disposal .Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, ,57 (6 ),566-569

Hee S.;Peace B.;Clark C.;Boyle J.;Bornschein R.;Hammond P. (01-01-1985. )Evolution of efficient methods to sample lead sources, such as house dust and hand dust, in the home.Environmental Research, ,38 (1 ),77-95

Bornschein R.;Succop P.;Dietrich K.;Clark C.;Hee S.;Hammond P. (01-01-1985. )The influence of social and environmental factors on dust lead, hand lead, and blood lead levels in .Environmental Research, ,38 (1 ),108-118

Clark C.;Bornschein R.;Succop P.;Hee S.;Hammond P.;Peace B. (01-01-1985. )Condition and type of housing as an indicator of potential environmental lead exposure and pediatric.Environmental Research, ,38 (1 ),46-53

Kirschner D.;Que Hee S.;Clark C. (12-01-1985. )Method for Detecting the 3-Hydroxymyristic Acid Component of the Endotoxins of Gram-negative Bacteri.American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, ,46 (12 ),741-746

Barsky J.;Que Hee S.;Clark C.;Trapp J. (01-01-1986. )Simultaneous multi-instrumental monitoring of vapors in sewer headspaces by several direct-reading i.Environmental Research, ,39 (2 ),307-320

Clark C. (06-01-1986. )Health effects associated with wastewater treatment and disposal .Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, ,58 (6 ),539-543

Dunovant V.;Clark C.;Que Hee S. (09-01-1986. )Volatile organics in the wastewater airspaces of three wastewater treatment plants .Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, ,58 (9 ),886-895

Clark C.; Rose J. (12-01-1986. )Microbial aspects of wastewater reuse for irrigation .Critical Reviews in Environmental Control, ,16 (3 ),231-256

Lee I.;Hee S.;Clark C. (05-01-1987. )Additivity of Detector Responses of a Portable Direct-Reading 10.2 eV Photoionization Detector and a.American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, ,48 (5 ),437-441

Sullivan R.; Linneman C.; Clark C,; Walzer P. (01-01-1987. )Seroepidemiologic study of giardiasis patients and high-risk groups in a midwestern city in the Unit .American Journal of Public Health, ,77 (8 ),960-963

Clark C. (06-01-1987. )Health Effects Associated With Wastewater Treatment, DisposaL, And Reuse. Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, ,59 (6 ),436-440

Clark C. (12-01-1987. )Potential and actual biological related health risks of wastewater industry employment .Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, ,59 (12 ),999-1008

Sublet V.;Linz D.;Bonfiglio J.;Sigell L.;Clark C.;Kline S.;Radike M. (01-01-1988. )Occupational/environmental protocols designed for use by poison information specialists .Veterinary and Human Toxicology, ,30 (5 ),455-458

Brenner K.P.;Scarpino P.V.;Clark C.S. (01-01-1988. )Animal viruses, coliphages, and bacteria in aerosols and wastewater at a spray irrigation site .Applied and Environmental Microbiology, ,54 (2 ),409-415

Sigell L.;Hayes K.;Bonfiglio J.;Clark C.;Sublet V.;Millman S.;Rice C.;Siegel E. (10-01-1988. )An occupational/environmental services training program for poison information specialists. Veterinary and Human Toxicology, ,30 (5 ),474-475

Thomson C.;Poppe B.;Clark C.;Rice C.;Linz D. (07-13-1992. )Development and implementation of a safety and health program for employees involved with residentia .Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, ,7 (6 ),398-404

Betemps E.;Buncher C.;Clark C. (01-01-1994. )Proportional mortality analysis of wastewater treatment system workers by birthplace with comments o .Journal of Occupational Medicine, ,36 (1 ),31-35

Morley J.C.;Clark C.S.;Deddens J.A.;Ashley K.;Roda S. (05-01-1999. )Evaluation of a portable X-ray fluorescence instrument for the determination of lead in workplace ai.Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, ,14 (5 ),306-316

Kincl L.;Bhattacharya A.;Succop P.;Clark C. (04-17-2002. )Postural sway measurements: A potential safety monitoring technique for workers wearing personal pro.Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, ,17 (4 ),256-266

Dixon S.;Wilson J.;Clark C.;Galke W.;Succop P.;Chen M. (07-01-2005. )Effectiveness of lead-hazard control interventions on dust lead loadings: Findings from the evaluati.Environmental Research, ,98 (3 ),303-314

Clark C.;Thuppil V.;Clark R.;Sinha S.;Menezes G.;D'Souza H.;Nayak N.;Kuruvilla A.;Law T.;Dave P.;Shah S. (01-01-2005. )Lead in paint and soil in Karnataka and Gujarat, India.Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, ,2 (1 ),38-44

Dixon S.;Wilson J.;Clark C.;Galke W.;Succop P.;Chen M. (12-01-2005. )The influence of common area lead hazards and lead hazard control on dust lead loadings in multiunit buildings.Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, ,2 (12 ),659-666

Kuruvilla A.;Pillay V.;Venkatesh T.;Adhikari P.;Chakrapani M.;Clark C.;D'Souza H.;Menezes G.;Nayak N.;Clark R.;Sinha S. (06-01-2004. )Portable lead analyzer to locate source of lead .Indian Journal of Pediatrics, ,71 (6 ),495-499

Clark C.;Majeti V.;Elia V. (12-01-1979. )Carbon tetrachloride standard [6] .Chemical and Engineering News, ,57 (1 ),36-37

Clark C.;Rampal K.;Thuppil V.;Chen C.;Clark R.;Roda S. (09-01-2006. )The lead content of currently available new residential paint in several Asian countries.Environmental Research, ,102 (1 ),9-12

Markey A.;Clark C.;Succop P.;Roda S. (03-01-2008. )Determination of the feasibility of using a portable X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) analyzer in the field .Journal of Environmental Health, ,70 (7 ),24-29

Clark C.;Rampal K.;Thuppil V.;Roda S.;Succop P.;Menrath W.;Chen C.;Adebamowo E.;Agbede O.;Sridhar M.;Adebamowo C.;Zakaria Y.;El-Safty A.;Shinde R.;Yu J. (10-01-2009. )Lead levels in new enamel household paints from Asia, Africa and South America.Environmental Research, ,109 (7 ),930-936

Dixon S.;Wilson J.;Succop P.;Chen M.;Galke W.;Menrath W.;Clark C. (11-01-2004. )Residential dust lead loading immediately after intervention in the HUD Lead Hazard Control Grant Program.Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, ,1 (11 ),716-724

Clark C.;Kumar A.;Mohapatra P.;Rajankar P.;Nycz Z.;Hambartsumyan A.;Astanina L.;Roda S.;Lind C.;Menrath W.;Peng H. (01-01-2014. )Examination of lead concentrations in new decorative enamel paints in four countries with different histories of activity in lead paint regulation.Environmental Research, ,132 ,233-243

Linaweaver P.;Clark C. (1964. )Costs of Water Transmission .J. Am. Water Works Assn, ,56 (12 ),1549 -1560

Clark C. (1966. )Oxidation of Coal Mine Pyrite .J. San. Eng.Div. Am. Soc. of Civil Engineers, ,SA 2 (April ),127 -145

Bertinuson J.; Clark C. (1973. )The Contribution to Lead Content of Soils from Urban Housing .Interface, ,2 (1 ),6

Zulfacar A.; Clark C (1974. )Highway Noise and Acoustical Buffer Zones .Transportation Engineering Journal of Ameican Society of Civil Engineering, ,100 (TE2 ),389 -401

Clark C.; Judson H. (1975. )Analysis of Delinquent Residential Water Account Shut-Offs .J. Am. Water Works Assn, ,(May ),264 -267

Clark C.; Cleary E.; Schiff G.; Linnemann C.; Phair J.; Briggs T. (1978. )Disease Risks of Occupational Exposure to Sewage- A Review .J. Environmental Engineering Div of Am Society of Civil Engineers, ,(April ),375 -388

Bertucci J.; Abid S.; Lue-Hing C.; Clark C.; Fenters J.; Fannin K. (1983. )Confirmed Viruses vs. Unconfirmed Plaques in Sewage .J. Environmental Engineering Div of Am Society of Civil Engineers, ,109 (2 ),351 -368

Clark C.; Rylander R.; Larsson L. (1983. )Airborne Bacteria, Endotoxin and Fungi in Dust in Poultry and Swine Confinement Buildings .Am. Ind. Hyg. Assn.J., ,44 (7 ),537 -541

Linnemann C.; Jaffa R.; Gartside P.; Scarpino P.; Clark C. (1984. )Risk of Infection Associated with a Wastewater Spray Irrigation System Used for Farming .J. Occup. Med., ,26 (1 ),41 --44

Bornschein R.; Hammond P.; Dietrich K.; Succop P.; Kraftt K.; Clark C.; Berger O.; Pearson D.; Que Hee,S. (1985. )The Cincinnati Prospective Study of Low Level Lead Exposure and Its Effects on Child Development: Protocol and Status Report .Environ Res, ,38 ,4 --18

Clark S, (1986. )Report on Prevention and Control .Am. J. Ind. Med, ,10 ,267 --273

Clark S. (1986. )Comparisons of Organic Dust Exposures in Agricultural Occupations and Waste Processing Industries .Am. J. Ind. Med, ,10 ,286 -287

Clark C.; Linnemann C. (1986. )The Use of Serum Antibody As a Means to Determine Infections from Exposure to Wastewater and Refuse .CRC Critical Reviews, ,16 (4 ),305 --326

Lemasters G.; Zenick H.; Hansen K.; Meyer C.; Hertzberg V.; Clark S. (1986. )Application of Various Exposure Models To Assess the Reproductive Effects of Industrial Wastes on Male Workers .TheToxicologist, ,6 (1 ),98

Lemasters G.; Hansen K.; Zenick H.; Meyer C.; Hertzberg V.; Clark S. (1987. )Reproductive Assessment of Male Waste Water Workers .Toxicologist, ,7 ,180

Bonfiglio J.; Clark C.; Sigell L.; Sublet V.; Rice C.; Radike M.; Hayes K. (1988. )Poison Centers: A Resource for Occupational Health Services .Vet. Human Toxicol, ,30 (6 ),569 --571

Bohan P.; Hertzberg V.; Burg W.; Clark S. (1991. )Airborne Lead and Asbestos-like Fibers in Mechanical Street Cleaner Environments and an Evaluation of Some Contributory Factors .Appl Occup Environ Hyg, ,6 (1 ),54 --58

Lemasters .; Zenick H.; Hertzberg V.; Hansen K.; Clark S. (1991. )Fertility of Workers Chronically Exposed to Chemically Contaminated Sewer Wastes .Reproductive Toxicoloty, ,5 ,31 --37

Bornschein R.; Clark S.; Pan W.; Succop P. (1991. )Midvale Community Lead Study .Cheimical Speciation and Bioavailability, ,3 (3/4 ),149 --162

Clark S.; Bornschein R.; Succop P.; Roda S.; Peace B. (1991. )Urban Lead Exposures of Children in Cincinnati, Ohio .Chemical Speciation and Bioavailability, ,3 (3/4 ),149 --162

Ewers L.; Clark S.; Menrath W.; Succop P.; Bornschein R. (1994. )Clean-up of Lead in Household Carpet and Floor Dust .Am Ind Hyg Assoc J, ,55 (7 ),650 --657

Clark S.; Bornschein R.; Pan W.;Menrath W.; Roda S. (1995. )An Examination of the Relationship An Examination of the Relationships Between the HUD Floor Lead Loading Clearance Level for Lead-Based Paint Abatement, Surface Dust Lead by a Vacuum Collection Method and Pediatric Blood Level .Appl Occup Environ Hyg, ,10 (2 ),107 --110

Chang C.; Grinshpun S,; Willeke K.; Macher J.; Donnelly J.;Clark S.; Juozaitis A. (1995. )Factors Affecting Microbiological Colony Count Accuracy for Bioaerosol Sampling and Analysis .Am. Ind. Hyg. Assn.J., ,56 (10 ),979 --986

Salie F.; Scarpino P.; Clark S.; Willeke K. (1995. )Laboratory Evaluation of Airborne Microbial Reduction by an Ultraviolet Light Positioned in a Modified Hollow Ceiling Fan Blade .Am Ind Hyg Assoc J, ,56 (10 ),987 --992

Clark S.; Bornschein R.; Pan W.; Menrath W.;Roda S.; Grote J. (1996. )The Relationship Between Surface Dust Lead Loading on Carpets and the Blood Lead of Young Children .Environ Geochem & Health, ,18 ,143 --146

Dixon S.; Tohn E.; Rupp R.; Clark S' (1999. )Achieving Dust Lead Clearance Standards After Lead Hazard Control Projects: An Evaluation of the HUD-Recommended Cleaning Procedure and an Abbreviated Procedure .Appl Occup Environ Hyg, ,14 ,339 --344

Clark S.; Menrath W.; Chen M.; Roda S.; Succop (1999. )Use of a Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Analyzer to Determine the Concentration of Lead and Other Metals in Soil Samples .Annals Agric Environ Med, ,6 ,27 --32

Choe K.; Trunov M.; Grinshpun S.; Willeke K.;Harney J.; Mainelis G.; Bornschein R.; Clark S.; Friedman W. (2000. )Particle Settling After Lead-Based Paint Work and Clearance Waiting Period .Am Ind Hyg Assoc J, ,61 ,798 --807

Tohn E.; Dixon S.; Rupp R.; Clark S. (2000. )A Pilot Study Examining Changes in Dust Lead Loading on Walls and Ceilings After Lead Hazard Control Interventions .Environmental Health Perspectives, ,108 ,453 --456

Galke W.; Clark S.; Wilson J.; Jacobs D.; McClaine P.; Dixon S.; Bornschein R. (2000. )Evaluation of the HUD Lead Hazard Control Grant Program: Overall Early Findings .Environ Research Section A, ,86 ,149 --156

Succop P.; Clark S.; Tseng C.; Bornschein R.; Chen M (2001. )Evaluation of Public Housing Risk Assessment Data .Environ Geochem & Health, ,23 ,1 --15

D'Souza S.; Menezes G.; Clark S.; Thupil V (2006. )Health Hazards by Lead Exposure: Evaluation Using ASV and XRF .Toxicol and Ind Hlth, ,22 ,249 --254

Clark S.; Chen M.; McLaine P.; Galke W.; Menrath W., Buncher R.; Succop P.; Dixon S. (2002. )Presence and Location of Teeth Marks Observed on Painted Surfaces in an Evaluation of the HUD Lead Hazard Control Grant Program .Appl Occup Environ Hyg, ,17 ,628 --633

Tohn E.; Dixon S.; Wilson J.; Galke W.; Clark C. (2003. )An Evaluation of One-Time Professional Dust Removal in Homes with Deteriorated Lead-Based Paint and Lead Dust Hazards .Appl Occup Environ Hyg, ,18 ,138 - 143

Clark S.; Menrath W.; Chen M.; Succop P.; Bornschein R.; Galke W.; Wilson J (2004. )The Influence of Exterior Dust and Soil on Interior Dust Lead Levels in Housing Which Had Undergone Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control .Appl Occup Environ Hyg J, ,1 ,273 --22

Kuruvilla A.; Pillay V.; Thuppil V.; Adhikari P.; Chakrapani M.; Clark C.; D'Souza H.; Menezes G.; Nayak N.; Clark R,; Sinha S. (2004. )Portable Lead Analyzer to Locate Sources of Lead .Indian J. of Pediatrics, ,41 ,495 - 499

Succop P.; Clark C.; Chen M.; Galke W. (2004. )Imputation of Data Values That Are Less Than a Detection Limit .Appl Occup Environ Hyg J, ,1 ,436 - 441

Dixon S.; Wilson J.; Succop P.: Chen M.; Galke W.; Menrath W,; Clark C. (2004. )Residential Dust Lead Loading Immediately After Intervention in the HUD Lead Hazard Control Grant Program .Appl Occup Environ Hyg J, ,1 ,716 - 724

Clark C.; Grote J.; Wilson J.; Succop P.; Chen M.; Galke W.; McLaine P. (2004. )Occurrence and Determinants of Increases in Blood Lead Levels in Children Shortly After Lead Hazard Control Activities .Environ Res, ,96 ,196 - 205

Galke W.; Clark S.;McLaine P.; Bornschein R.; Wilson J.; Succop P.; Roda S.;Breysee J.; Jacobs D.; Grote J.; Menrath W.; Dixon S.; Chen M.; Buncher R. (2005. )National Evaluation of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Grant Program: Study Methods .Environ Res, ,98 ,315 - 328

Kumar A.; Clark S. (2009. )Lead Loadings in Household Dust in Delhi, India .Indoor Air, ,19 ,414 - 420

Chuturkova R.; Iossifova Y.; Clark S. (2010. )Decrease in Ambient Air Lead Concentrations in Varna, Bulgaria Associated with the Introduction of Unleaded Gasoline .Annals Agric Environ Med, ,17 ,259 - 261

Clark C.; Succop P.; Menrath W.; Roda S.; Greenberg S.;Buchwald-Gelles M.; Peng H.. (2010. )Longevity of the Effectiveness of Interim Soil Lead Hazard Control Measures and Influencing Factors .Environ Res, ,110 ,526 - 531

Ewers L.; Clark C.; Peng H.; Roda S.; Menrath W.; Lind C.; Succop P. (2011. )Lead Levels in New Residential Paints in Taipei, Taiwan and Comparisons with Those in Mainland China .Environ Res, ,111 (6 ),757 - 760

Clark S.; Galke W.; Succop P.; Grote J.; McLaine P.; Wilson J.; Dixon S.; Menrath W.; Roda S.; Chen M.; Bornschein R.; Jacobs D. (2011. )Effects of HUD-supported Lead Hazard Control Interventions on Children's Blood Lead .Environ Res, ,111 ,301 - 311

Viswanath P.; Devegowda D.; Prashant A.; Nayak N.; D'Souza V.; Venkatesh T.; Clark S. (2012. )Environmental Lead Levels in a Coastal City of India: The Lead Burden Continues .Ind J Med Sci, ,66 (11-12 ),260 -266

Clark S.; Menrath W.; Zakaria Y.; El-Safty A.; Roda S.; Lind C.; Elsayed E.; Peng H. (2014. )Follow-up on High Lead Concentrations in New Enamel Decorative Paints Available in Egypt .Environment and Pollution, ,3 (1 ),33 - 40

Wilson J.; Pivetz T.; Ashley P.; Jacobs D.; Strauss W.; Menkedick J.; Dixon S.; Tsai H.; Brown V.; Friedman W.; Galke W.; Clark C. (2006. )Evaluation of HUD-funded lead hazard control treatments at 6 years post-intervention .Environ Res, ,102 ,237 - 248

Adebamowo E.; Clark C.; Roda S.; Agbede O.; Sridhar M.; Adebamowo C. (2007. )Lead content of dry films of domestic paints currently sold in Nigeria .Scoence of Total Environment, ,388 ,116 - 120

Clark C.; Speranskya O.; Brosche' S.; Gonzales H.; Solis D.; Kodeih N.; Roda S.; Lind C. (2015. )Total Lead Concentrations in New Decorative Enamel Paints in Lebanon, Paraguay and Russia.Environ Res, ,138 ,432 - 438

Dixon S.; Wilson J.; Kawecki C.; Green R.; Phoenix J.; Galke W.; Clark C.; Breysee J. (2010. )Selecting a lead hazard control strategy based on dust lead loading and housing condition 1. methods and results .Appl Occup Environ Hyg J, ,5 (8 ),530 - 539

Menrath W.; Zakaria Y.; El-Safty A.; Clark C.; Roda S.; Elsayed E.; Lind C.; Pesce J.; Peng H. (2015. )Use of a Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Analyzer for Environmental Exposure Assessment of a Neighborhood in Cairo, Egypt Adjacent to the Site of a Former Secondary Lead Smelter.Appl Occup Environ Hyg J, ,12 ,555 - 563

Dixon S.; Jacobs D.; Wilson J.; Akoto J.; Nevin R.; Clark C. (2012. )Window replacement and residential lea paint hazard control 12 years later.Environ Res, ,113 ,14 - 20

White M.; Glenn S.; Hudnall J.; Rice C.; Clark S. (1991. )The effectiveness of ice- and freon-based personal cooling systems during work in fully-encapsulating suits in the heat .Am Ind Hyg Assoc J, ,52 (3 ),127 - 135

Keywords

Environmental Engineer,Environmental Epidemiologist,Viral Transmission,Viral Transmission,Chemical and Biological Contamination,Environmental Design,Environmental Policy and Programs,Water Pollution

Contact Information

Academic - Department of Environmental Health, Kettering Lab Complex
16 Panzeca Way
Cincinnati  Ohio, 45267-0056
Phone: 513-290-3446
Fax: 828-633-2095
clarkcs@ucmail.uc.edu