Robin Engel

Robin S. Engel

Professor, Director of the IACP/UC Center for Police Research and Policy

Teachers College

CECH Criminal Justice - 0002

Professional Summary

Dr. Robin S. Engel is a Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati. She also serves as the Director of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) / UC Center for Police Research and Policy.  She received her doctorate in criminal justice from the School of Criminal Justice at the University at Albany. For the past twenty years, Dr. Engel has engaged in research and evaluation in the field of criminal justice, and worked directly with practitioners to implement evidence-based strategies and best practices. Dr. Engel’s work includes establishing academic-practitioner partnerships in policing, with expertise in empirical assessments of police behavior, police use of force, police-minority relations, police supervision and management, criminal justice policies, criminal gangs, and crime reduction strategies. She has served as the Principal Investigator for over 70 contracts and grants, and has provided statistical and policy consulting for international, state, and municipal law enforcement agencies. Throughout her career, Dr. Engel has consistently been ranked among the top academics based on peer-reviewed publications in the field of criminal justice/criminology. She teaches in the areas of policing and criminal justice.

Education

B.A. Magna Cum Laude, University at Albany, State University of New York Albany, New York, 1992 (Criminal Justice, Psychology Concentration: Political Science / American Government)

M.A., University at Albany, State University of New York Albany, New York, 1994 (Criminal Justice)

Ph.D., University at Albany, State University of New York Albany, New York, 1999 (Specialization: Administration of criminal justice, criminal law, advanced statistics, systematic social observation Dissertation Title: Street level supervision: Styles of patrol supervisors and their effects on subordinate behavior)

Positions and Work Experience

04-2006 -05-2011 Director, University of Cincinnati Policing Institute, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

06-2002 -06-2013 Associate Professor, Division of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

06-2002 -08-2003 Visiting Scientist, Population Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

09-1999 -05-1994 Instructor, School of Criminal Justice, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY

07-1999 -06-2002 Assistant Professor, Crime, Law and Justice, Department of Sociology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

08-1998 -06-1999 Instructor, Crime, Law, and Justice, Department of Sociology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

06-2006 -12-2015 Director, Institute for Crime Science (ICS), University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

08-2015 -01-2019 Vice President for Safety and Reform, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

01-2015 -To Present Director,, IACP/UC Center for Police Research and Policy, Alexandria, VA

07-2013 -To Present Professor, School of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

Research Support

05-1999 -To Present Total Funded Research Awarded: $19,572,769

Grant: #160653 Investigators:Engel, Robin; Latessa, Edward 04-12-2016 -06-30-2020 Laura and John Arnold Foundation Center for Police Research and Policy: Moving Evidence-Based Policing from the Campus to the Community Role:PI $1,609,872.00 Active Level:Private Non-Profit

Grant: #2017-CP-CPI-344 Investigators:Engel, Robin 07-01-2017 -08-31-2018 Department of Justice Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant (JAG LE) 2017 Role:PI $40,000.00 Closed Level:Federal

Grant: #IACP / 2017-CR-WX-K001 Investigators:Engel, Robin 10-01-2018 -11-30-2020 Community Oriented Policing Services Collaborative Reform Initiative Technical Assistance Center (CRI-TAC) Role:PI $162,686.00 Active Level:Federal

Grant: #2017-JG-LLE-5126 / BJA Byrne Investigators:Engel, Robin 02-01-2018 -12-31-2018 Department of Justice UCPD Active Threat Preparedness Program/or ULEOs Role:PI $10,000.00 Closed Level:Federal

Publications

Peer Reviewed Publications

Engel, R. S. & Whalen J. L. (2010. )Police-Academic Partnerships Ending the Dialogue of the Deaf: The Cincinnati Experience .Police Research and Practice, ,11 (2 ),

Engel, R.S. & Smith, M.R. (2009. )Perceptual distortions and reasonableness during police shootings: Law, legitimacy and future research .Criminology and Public Policy, ,8 (1 ),

Engel, R.S. (2008. )Revisiting critical issues in police use-of-force research .Criminology and Public Policy, ,7 ,557-561

Tillyer, R., Engel, R. S., & Wooldredge, J. (2008. )The intersection of racial profiling research and the law .Journal of Criminal Justice, ,36 (2 ),138-153

Engel, R.S. & Tillyer, R. (2008. )Searching for equilibrium: The tenuous nature of the outcome test .Justice Quarterly, ,25 ,54-71

Engel, R.S. (2008. )A critique of the outcome test in racial profiling research .Justice Quarterly, ,25 ,1-36

Engel, R.S.; Johnson, R. (2006. )Toward a better understanding of racial and ethnic disparities in search and seizure rates for state police agencies .Journal of Criminal Justice, ,34 ,605-617

Bernard, T.B.; Calnon, J.M.; Engel, R.S.; Hays, Z.R. (2005. )Efficiency and the new differential processing .Journal of Crime & Justice, ,28 (1 ),79-105

Novak, K.S.; Engel, R.S. (2005. )Disentangling the influence of suspects' demeanor and mental disorder on arrest .Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, ,28 (3 ),493-512

Engel, R.S. (2005. )Citizens' perceptions of procedural and distributive injustice during traffic stops with police .Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, ,42 (4 ),445-481

Engel, R.S.; Calnon, J.M. (2004. )Comparing benchmark methodologies for police-citizen contacts: Traffic stop data collection for the Pennsylvania State Police .Police Quarterly, ,7 (1 ),97-125

Engel, R.S.; Calnon, J.M. (2004. )Examining the influence of drivers' characteristics during traffic stops with police: Results from a national survey .Justice Quarterly, ,21 (1 ),49-90

Engel, R.S.; Worden, R.E. (2003. )Police officers' attitudes, behavior, and supervisory influences: An analysis of problem-solving .Criminology, ,41 ,131-166

Engel, R.S. (2003. )Explaining suspects' resistance and disrespect toward police .Journal of Criminal Justice, ,31 ,475-492

Novak, K.J.; Frank, J.; Smith, B.W.; Engel, R.S. (2002. )Revisiting the decision to arrest: Comparing beat and community officers .Crime and Delinquency, ,48 (1 ),70-98

Engel, R.S. (2002. )Patrol officer supervision in the community-policing era .Journal of Criminal Justice, ,30 (1 ),51-64

Engel, R.S.; Calnon, J.M.; Bernard, T.J. (2002. )Theory and racial profiling: Shortcomings and future directions in research .Justice Quarterly, ,19 (2 ),249-273

Engel, R.S.; & Silver, E. (2001. )Policing mentally disordered suspects: A reexamination of the criminalization hypothesis .Criminology, ,39 (2 ),225-252

Bernard, T.J.; Engel, R.S. (2001. )Conceptualizing criminal justice theory .Justice Quarterly, ,18 (1 ),1-30

Engel, R.S. (2001. )Supervisory styles of patrol sergeants and lieutenants .Journal of Criminal Justice, ,29 ,341-355

Engel, R.S. (2000. )The effects of supervisory styles on patrol officer behavior .Police Quarterly, ,3 (3 ),262-293

Engel, R.S.; Sobol, J.; Worden, R. (2000. )Further exploration of the demeanor hypothesis: The interaction effects of suspects’ characteristics and demeanor on police behavior .Justice Quarterly, ,17 (2 ),235-258

Worden, R.E.; Shepard, R.L. (1996. )Demeanor, crime, and police behavior: A reexamination of the Police Services Study data .Criminology, ,34 (1 ),83-105

Worden, R.E.; Shepard, R.L.; Mastrofski, S.D. (1996. )On the meaning and measurement of suspects’ demeanor toward the police .Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, ,33 (3 ),324-336

Widom, C. S.; Shepard, R. L. (1996. )Accuracy of adult recollections of childhood victimization: Part 1. Childhood physical abuse .Psychological Assessment, ,8 (4 ),412-421

Tillyer, R., Engel, R. S., & Cherkauskas, J. M. (2010. )Best practices in vehicle stop data collection and analysis .Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, ,33 (1 ),69

Tillyer, R. & Engel, R. S. (2013. )The impact of drivers' race, gender, and age during traffic stops: Assessing interaction terms and the social conditioning model .Crime and Delinquency, ,59 (3 ),369

Tillyer, R.; Engel, R. S.; Lovins, B. (2012. )Beyond Boston: Applying theory to understand and address sustainability issues in focused deterrence initiatives for violence reduction .Crime and Delinquency, ,58 ,973

Ozer, M. & Engel, R. S. (2012. )Revisiting the use of propensity score matching to understand the relationship between gang membership and violent victimization: A cautionary note .Justice Quarterly, ,29 (5 ),105

Tillyer, R., Klahm, C. F., & Engel, R. S. (2012. )The Discretion to Search: A multilevel examination of citizen demographics and officer characteristics .Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, ,28 (2 ),184

Engel, R. S., Tillyer, R., Klahm, C. F., & Frank, J. (2012. )From the officer's perspective: A multilevel examination of citizens' demeanor during traffic stops. Justice Quarterly, ,29 (5 ),650

Engel, R. S., Smith, M. R., & Cullen, F. T. (2012. )Race, place, and drug enforcement: Reconsidering the impact of citizen complaints and crime rates on drug arrests. Criminology and Public Policy, ,11 (4 ),601

Tillyer, R. & Engel, R. S. (2012. )Racial differences in speeding patterns: Exploring the differential offending hypothesis. Journal of Criminal Justice, ,40 (4 ),285

Corsaro, N., Gerard, D., Engel, R. S., & Eck, J. E. (2012. )Not by accident: An analytical approach to traffic crash harm reduction. Journal of Criminal Justice, ,40 (6 ),502

Engel, R. S., Tillyer, R., & Corsaro, N. (2013. )Reducing gang violence using focused deterrence: Evaluating the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV). Justice Quarterly, ,30 (3 ),403

Kaminski, R., Engel, R. S., Rojek, J., Alpert, G., & Smith, M. R. (2015. )A quantum of force: The consequences of counting routine conducted energy device punctures as injuries. Justice Quarterly, ,32 (4 ),598

Engel, R. S. (2015. )Police encounters with people with mental illness: Use of force, injuries, and perceptions of dangerousness. Criminology and Public Policy, ,14 (2 ),247

Corsaro, N., & Engel, R. S. (2015. )The most challenging of contexts: Assessing the impact of focused deterrence on serious violence in New Orleans. Criminology and Public Policy, ,14 (3 ),471

Madero-Hernandez, A., Deryol, R., Ozer, M. M., & Engel, R. S. (2017. )Examining the impact of early childhood school investments on neighborhood crime. Justice Quarterly, ,34 (5 ),

Engel, R. S., Corsaro, N., & Ozer, M. M. (2017. )The impact of police on criminal justice reform: Evidence from Cincinnati, Ohio. Criminology and Public Policy, ,16 (2 ),375

Engel, R. S. (2018. )Focused deterrence strategies save lives: Introduction and discussion of an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Criminology and Public Policy, ,17 (1 ),199

Engel, R. S., McManus, H. D., & Isaza, G. D. (2020. )Moving beyond "best practice": The need for evidence to reduce officer-involved shootings. ANNALS of American Academy of Political & Social Sciences, ,687 ,146

Engel, R. S., McManus, H. D., & Herold, T. D. Does de-escalation training work? A systematic review and call for evidence in police use of force reform. Criminology and Public Policy, ,

Published Books

Engel, R. S., Worden, R. E., Corsaro, N., McManus, H. D., Reynolds, D., Cochran, H., Isaza, G. T., Cherkauskas, J. C. (2019. )The Power of Arrest: Lessons Learned from Research .Springer Press

Book Chapter

Engel, R. S. (2010 )Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings .New York,New York University Press

Engel, R. S., Klahm, C. F., Tillyer, R. (2010 )Citizens’ Demeanor, Race and Traffic Stops. In Black, Brown and Shades of Blue: Exploring Race, Ethnicity and Policing (Stephen K. Rice and Michael D. White, eds.) New York: New York ,University press

Engel, R.S. Race, Ethnicity and Policing: The Issues, Methods, Research and Future Understanding racial profiling research .NYU Press

Engel, R. S. & Henderson, S. (2013 )Beyond rhetoric: Establishing police-academic partnerships that work. The Future of Policing: Lord Stevens' Independent Policing Commission into the Future of Policing in England and Wales .Routledge

Engel, R. S. & Peterson, S. (2013 )Leading by example: The untapped resource of first line police supervisors. The Future of Policing: Lord Stevens' Independent Policing Commission into the Future of Policing in England and Wales .Routledge

Engel, R. S. & Swartz, K. (2014 )Race, crime, and policing. Oxford Handbook on Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration .New York,Oxford Press

Engel, R. S. & Cohen, D. (2014 )Racial profiling. Oxford Handbook on Police and Policing .New York,Oxford Press

Engel, R. S. & Clutter, J. (2014 )Violence, Police, and Criminal Justice Systems Violence: A Global Health Priority .Oxford University Press

Henderson, S., Peterson, S., & Engel, R. S. (2016 )Pulling levers to prevent violence: "The Boston Miracle", its adaptations, and future directions for research Advances in Prevention Sciences, Vol. 2 .Springer Press

Additional Publications

Honors and Awards

2008 H.C. Buck Niehoff 12th Annual "An Evening with a Great Professor"

2008 IACP / Motorola Webber Seavey Award for Excellence in Law Enforcement (Team award for the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence)

2008 Graduate Student and Faculty Research Mentoring Grant (with Jessica Dunham) College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati

2007 Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati

2006 Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati

2006 Graduate Student and Faculty Research Mentoring Grant (with Rob Tillyer) College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati

2005 Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati

2005 Graduate Student and Faculty Research Mentoring Grant (with Richard Johnson) College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati

2004 Promotion of Diversity Award, Center for the Advancement of Teaching & Learning University of Cincinnati

2004 Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship College of Education, CJ, & Human Services, University of Cincinnati

2003 Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship College of Education, University of Cincinnati

2002 Recipient, U.S. Speaker and Specialist Grant, U.S. State Department Office of International Information Programs

2001 Selected workshop participant, “Quantitative Analysis of Crime and Criminal Justice” Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, University of Michigan

1998 Eliot H. Lumbard award for academic excellence

1997 Travel grant award (competitive funding)

1995 Initiatives for Women Award (for academic achievement) University at Albany

1993 -1994 Teaching assistant (competitive funding) University at Albany

1992 -1993 Graduate student fellowship (competitive funding) University at Albany

1992 Phi Beta Kappa National Honor Society

1992 Alpha Phi Sigma Criminal Justice National Honor Society

1992 Golden Key National Honor Society

2009 International Association of Chiefs of Police/ West Excellence in Criminal Investigations Award (Team award with the Cincinnati Police Department)

2009 Outstanding Service Award, Division of Criminal Justice, UC

2009 Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services (University of Cincinnati)

2009 Fraternal Order of Police Citizen's Award

2008 National Criminal Justice Association's Outstanding Criminal Justice Program Award (Team award for the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence)

2008 Faculty Incentive Award for Research and Scholarship College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services (University of Cincinnati)

2011 Invited guest to reception with David Cameron, Prime Minister, United Kingdom

2012 -2014 National Institute of Justice (NIJ) inaugural Scientific Review, Justice Systems Research Division Panel

2012 University of Cincinnati “Breakfast of Champions” invitee and metal recipient Faculty recognition program sponsored by the Darwin T. Turner Scholars

2012 Invited speaker, Life of the Mind University of Cincinnati

2017 Distinguished Alumni Award School of Criminal Justice, University of Albany

2018 -To Present Member, Ohio Collaborative Community-Police Advisory Board Appointed by Governor John R. Kaisch Reappointed by Governor Mike DeWine State of Ohio

Service

American Society of Criminology (Constitution Committee )Type:Service to Professional Associations 2007 -2008

Police Supervisory Training Seminars provided for municipal police agencies Type:Other 2003 -2004

American Society of Criminology 2006 Annual Meetings (Area Chair )Type:Service to Professional Associations 2005 -2006

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (Award Committee )Committee Member Type:Service to Professional Associations 2005 -2006

American Society of Criminology (Ethical Issues Committee )Committee Member Type:Service to Professional Associations 2004 -2006

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (Ethics Committee )Committee Chair Type:Service to Professional Associations 2005 -2007

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (Ethics Committee )Committee Member Type:Service to Professional Associations 2004 -2007

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (Finance Committee )Committee Member Type:Service to Professional Associations 2008 -2009

American Society of Criminology 2004 Annual Meetings (Area Chair )Type:Service to Professional Associations 2003 -2004

American Society of Criminology (Award Committee )Committee Member Type:Service to Professional Associations 2009 -2010

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences 2004 Annual Meetings (Area Chair )Type:Service to Professional Associations 2003 -2004

American Society of Criminology (Ruth Schonle Cavan Young Scholars Award Committee )Committee Member Type:Service to Professional Associations 2010 -2011

Justice Quarterly (Associate Editor )Type:Editorial Service 2001 -2009

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (Policy Committee )Committee Member Type:Service to Professional Associations 2010 -2012

Police Quarterly Associate Editor Type:Editorial Service 2008 -To Present

American Society of Criminology (Annual Meeting )Special Interest Group Chair Type:Service to Professional Associations 2012 -2013

Manuscript Reviewer for (Criminology, Justice Quarterly, Criminology & Public Policy, Law & Society Review, Social Science Quarterly, Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Police Quarterly,Criminal Justice Review, Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, Journal of Health Politics )Type:Editorial Service 1999 -To Present

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (Annual Meeting )Special Interest Group Chair Type:Service to Professional Associations 2013 -2014

Panel Chair and Discussant at the ACJS annual meetings Type:Service to Professional Associations 1995 -2005

American Society of Criminology (Ad Hoc Media Relations Committee )Committee Member Type:Service to Professional Associations 2013 -2014

Panel Chair and Discussant at the ASC annual meetings Type:Service to Professional Associations 1999 -2005

Oxford University Press (Policing: A journal of policy and practice )Board Member Type:Editorial Service 2015 -To Present

Academic course consultation for Elizabethtown College (Elizabethtown, PA )Consultant Type:Other Educational Service 2000

American Society of Criminology (Policing Section, Award Committees )Committee Chair Type:Service to Professional Associations 2015 -2016

American Society of Criminology (employment exchange committee )Type:Service to Professional Associations 1998 -2000

Justice Quarterly (Editorial Board )Board Member Type:Editorial Service 2016 -To Present

International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) (Task Force on Violence against Law Enforcement )Member Type:Service to Professional Associations 2017 -2018

International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) (Policy Committee, Bias-Free Policing Model Policy )Member Type:Service to Professional Associations 2019 -To Present

Criminology & Public Policy (Editorial Board )Board Member Type:Editorial Service 2019 -To Present

Urban Renaissance Action Team (Agenda 360 )Committee Member Type:Community Service 2007 -2008

Who Killed Our Kids (volunteer grant writer )Type:Community Service 2007 -2008

Fundraiser event coordinator benefiting the Women’s Resource Center Coordinator Type:Community Service 2000

University of Cincinnati Hospital and Cincinnati Bar Foundation (Out of the Crossfire )Board Member Type:Community Service 02-2007 -09-2009

Police Executive Research Forum and COPS, Department of Justice (Biased-bases policing, denominator conferences )Board Member Type:Service to Professional Associations 03-2004 -08-2004

Professional Affiliation

American Society of Criminology (ASC)

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS)

Hamilton County Ohio Police Association (HCPA)

Cincinnati Citizen's Police Association (CCPA)

International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP),

Police Executive Research Forum (PERF),

Criminal Justice Research Alliance (CJRA),