Robin Engel

Robin SHEPARD Engel

Instructor - Adj

Teachers College

CECH Criminal Justice - 0389

Professional Summary

Dr. Robin S. Engel is a Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati. She also serves as the Director of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) / UC Center for Police Research and Policy.  She received her doctorate in criminal justice from the School of Criminal Justice at the University at Albany. For the past twenty years, Dr. Engel has engaged in research and evaluation in the field of criminal justice, and worked directly with practitioners to implement evidence-based strategies and best practices. Dr. Engel’s work includes establishing academic-practitioner partnerships in policing, with expertise in empirical assessments of police behavior, police use of force, police-minority relations, police supervision and management, criminal justice policies, criminal gangs, and crime reduction strategies. She has served as the Principal Investigator for over 70 contracts and grants, and has provided statistical and policy consulting for international, state, and municipal law enforcement agencies. Throughout her career, Dr. Engel has consistently been ranked among the top academics based on peer-reviewed publications in the field of criminal justice/criminology. She teaches in the areas of policing and criminal justice.


B.A. Magna Cum Laude: University at Albany, State University of New York Albany, New York, 1992 (Criminal Justice, Psychology Concentration: Political Science / American Government)

M.A.: University at Albany, State University of New York Albany, New York, 1994 (Criminal Justice)

Ph.D.: University at Albany, State University of New York Albany, New York, 1999 (Specialization: Administration of criminal justice, criminal law, advanced statistics, systematic social observation Dissertation Title: Street level supervision: Styles of patrol supervisors and their effects on subordinate behavior)

Research Support

05-1999 -To Present Total Funded Research Awarded: $19,572,769

Grant: #2017-JG-E01-V6575 COVID-19 Investigators:Engel, Robin 07-01-2020 -06-30-2021 Bureau of Justice Assistance Survey and Crime Analysis of Law Enforcement and Correctional Agencies to Determine Response and Effect of COVID 19 Role:PI $99,145.41 Awarded Level:Federal

Grant: #2020-R2-CX-0026 Investigators:Corsaro, Nicholas; Engel, Robin 01-01-2021 -06-30-2023 Department of Justice Research and Evaluation on Policing, NIJ-2020-17297: De-escalation Training Evaluation Role:PI 599255.00 Hold Level:Federal

Grant: #2020-SC-SAC-608 COVID Investigators:Engel, Robin; Motz, Ryan 05-01-2021 -09-30-2021 Department of Justice Survey and Crime Analysis of Domestic Violence and the Response of Law Enforcement During the COVID-19 Pandemic Role:PI 30306.54 Awarded Level:Federal

Grant: #2018-JG-E01-V6400 Investigators:Engel, Robin; McManus, Hannah; Pitocco, Kelly; Smith, Paula 09-01-2021 -08-31-2022 Department of Justice The 54th Mile Project - Part 1 Role:PI 50000.12 Hold Level:Federal


Peer Reviewed Publications

Engel, R. S., McManus, H. D., & Isaza, G. D. (2020. ) Moving beyond "best practice": The need for evidence to reduce officer-involved shootings. ANNALS of American Academy of Political & Social Sciences, , 687 ,146

Engel, R. S., McManus, H. D., & Herold, T. D. (2020. ) Does de-escalation training work? A systematic review and call for evidence in police use of force reform. Criminology and Public Policy, ,

Engel, R. S. (2018. ) Focused deterrence strategies save lives: Introduction and discussion of an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Criminology and Public Policy, , 17 (1 ) ,199

Madero-Hernandez, A., Deryol, R., Ozer, M. M., & Engel, R. S. (2017. ) Examining the impact of early childhood school investments on neighborhood crime. Justice Quarterly, , 34 (5 ) ,

Engel, R. S., Corsaro, N., & Ozer, M. M. (2017. ) The impact of police on criminal justice reform: Evidence from Cincinnati, Ohio. Criminology and Public Policy, , 16 (2 ) ,375

Kaminski, R., Engel, R. S., Rojek, J., Alpert, G., & Smith, M. R. (2015. ) A quantum of force: The consequences of counting routine conducted energy device punctures as injuries. Justice Quarterly, , 32 (4 ) ,598

Engel, R. S. (2015. ) Police encounters with people with mental illness: Use of force, injuries, and perceptions of dangerousness. Criminology and Public Policy, , 14 (2 ) ,247

Corsaro, N., & Engel, R. S. (2015. ) The most challenging of contexts: Assessing the impact of focused deterrence on serious violence in New Orleans. Criminology and Public Policy, , 14 (3 ) ,471

Tillyer, R. & Engel, R. S. (2013. ) The impact of drivers' race, gender, and age during traffic stops: Assessing interaction terms and the social conditioning model .Crime and Delinquency, , 59 (3 ) ,369

Engel, R. S., Tillyer, R., & Corsaro, N. (2013. ) Reducing gang violence using focused deterrence: Evaluating the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV). Justice Quarterly, , 30 (3 ) ,403

Tillyer, R.; Engel, R. S.; Lovins, B. (2012. ) Beyond Boston: Applying theory to understand and address sustainability issues in focused deterrence initiatives for violence reduction .Crime and Delinquency, , 58 ,973

Ozer, M. & Engel, R. S. (2012. ) Revisiting the use of propensity score matching to understand the relationship between gang membership and violent victimization: A cautionary note .Justice Quarterly, , 29 (5 ) ,105

Tillyer, R., Klahm, C. F., & Engel, R. S. (2012. ) The Discretion to Search: A multilevel examination of citizen demographics and officer characteristics .Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, , 28 (2 ) ,184

Engel, R. S., Tillyer, R., Klahm, C. F., & Frank, J. (2012. ) From the officer's perspective: A multilevel examination of citizens' demeanor during traffic stops. Justice Quarterly, , 29 (5 ) ,650

Engel, R. S., Smith, M. R., & Cullen, F. T. (2012. ) Race, place, and drug enforcement: Reconsidering the impact of citizen complaints and crime rates on drug arrests. Criminology and Public Policy, , 11 (4 ) ,601

Tillyer, R. & Engel, R. S. (2012. ) Racial differences in speeding patterns: Exploring the differential offending hypothesis. Journal of Criminal Justice, , 40 (4 ) ,285

Corsaro, N., Gerard, D., Engel, R. S., & Eck, J. E. (2012. ) Not by accident: An analytical approach to traffic crash harm reduction. Journal of Criminal Justice, , 40 (6 ) ,502

Engel, R. S. & Whalen J. L. (2010. ) Police-Academic Partnerships Ending the Dialogue of the Deaf: The Cincinnati Experience .Police Research and Practice, , 11 (2 ) ,

Tillyer, R., Engel, R. S., & Cherkauskas, J. M. (2010. ) Best practices in vehicle stop data collection and analysis .Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, , 33 (1 ) ,69

Engel, R.S. & Smith, M.R. (2009. ) Perceptual distortions and reasonableness during police shootings: Law, legitimacy and future research .Criminology and Public Policy, , 8 (1 ) ,

Engel, R.S. (2008. ) Revisiting critical issues in police use-of-force research .Criminology and Public Policy, , 7 ,557-561

Tillyer, R., Engel, R. S., & Wooldredge, J. (2008. ) The intersection of racial profiling research and the law .Journal of Criminal Justice, , 36 (2 ) ,138-153

Engel, R.S. & Tillyer, R. (2008. ) Searching for equilibrium: The tenuous nature of the outcome test .Justice Quarterly, , 25 ,54-71

Engel, R.S. (2008. ) A critique of the outcome test in racial profiling research .Justice Quarterly, , 25 ,1-36

Published Books

Engel, R. S., Worden, R. E., Corsaro, N., McManus, H. D., Reynolds, D., Cochran, H., Isaza, G. T., Cherkauskas, J. C. (2019. ) The Power of Arrest: Lessons Learned from Research .Springer Press

Book Chapter

Engel, R.S. Race, Ethnicity and Policing: The Issues, Methods, Research and Future Understanding racial profiling research .NYU Press

Engel, R. S., Klahm, C. F., Tillyer, R. (2010 ) Citizens’ Demeanor, Race and Traffic Stops. In Black, Brown and Shades of Blue: Exploring Race, Ethnicity and Policing (Stephen K. Rice and Michael D. White, eds.) New York: New York , University press

Engel, R. S. (2010 ) Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings .New York, New York University Press

Engel, R. S. & Henderson, S. (2013 ) Beyond rhetoric: Establishing police-academic partnerships that work. The Future of Policing: Lord Stevens' Independent Policing Commission into the Future of Policing in England and Wales .Routledge

Engel, R. S. & Peterson, S. (2013 ) Leading by example: The untapped resource of first line police supervisors. The Future of Policing: Lord Stevens' Independent Policing Commission into the Future of Policing in England and Wales .Routledge

Engel, R. S. & Swartz, K. (2014 ) Race, crime, and policing. Oxford Handbook on Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration .New York, Oxford Press

Engel, R. S. & Cohen, D. (2014 ) Racial profiling. Oxford Handbook on Police and Policing .New York, Oxford Press

Engel, R. S. & Clutter, J. (2014 ) Violence, Police, and Criminal Justice Systems Violence: A Global Health Priority .Oxford University Press

Henderson, S., Peterson, S., & Engel, R. S. (2016 ) Pulling levers to prevent violence: "The Boston Miracle", its adaptations, and future directions for research Advances in Prevention Sciences, Vol. 2 .Springer Press

Professional Affiliation

American Society of Criminology (ASC)

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS)

Hamilton County Ohio Police Association (HCPA)

Cincinnati Citizen's Police Association (CCPA)

International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP),

Police Executive Research Forum (PERF),

Criminal Justice Research Alliance (CJRA),