William Heineman

William R Heineman

Distinguished Research Professor

Crosley Tower

120

A&S Chemistry Adjuncts - 0172

Professional Summary

Currently not accepting any graduate students

William R. Heineman received a BS in Chemistry from Texas Tech University in 1964 and a PhD in Chemistry in 1968 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill under the direction of Professor Royce Murray. He was a Research Chemist at Hercules Research Center for two years before becoming a Postdoctoral Research Associate with Professor Ted Kuwana in 1970 at Case Western Reserve University and then at The Ohio State University. He joined the faculty at the University of Cincinnati in 1972 where he is now Distinguished Research Professor and Head of the Department of Chemistry.

Professor Heineman’s research interests include spectroelectrochemistry, chemical sensors, analytical chemistry of radiopharmaceuticals, polymer modified electrodes, electrochemical immunoassay, and microfluidic systems for chemical analysis. He has published over 400 research papers and patents and has presented over 500 lectures at conferences, universities, and government/industrial laboratories. He is coauthor of the laboratory manual Chemical Experiments for Instrumental Methods, the instrumental analysis textbook Chemical Instrumentation: A Systematic Approach; and coeditor of the textbook Laboratory Techniques in Electroanalytical Chemistry.

Professor Heineman has received numerous awards including Sigma Xi Research Recognition Award, Cincinnati Chemist of the Year,Japanese Government Research Award for Foreign Scientists, George Rieveschl, Jr. Award for Distinguished Scientific Research, Humboldt Prize from Germany,  Charles N. Reilley Award in Electroanalytical Chemistry from the Society for Electroanalytical Chemistry, Chemical Sensors Award from the International Meeting on Chemical Sensors, Award for Excellence in Teaching from the Division of Analytical Chemistry of the American Chemical Society, Torbern Bergman Medal 1999 from the Analytical Section of the Swedish Chemical Society,  Fields of Analytical Chemistry award  by the Eastern Analytical Association, and the Outstanding Achievement in Sensors Award from the Electrochemical Society .  nd  He was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2001 and chosen for the inaugural class of Fellows of the American Chemical Society in 2009.

Heineman has served on numerous advisory boards for journals including Analytical Chemistry, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Analytica Chimica Acta, and Electroanalysis. He was a co-founder and the first President of the Society for Electroanalytical Chemistry and was a member of the Board of Directors. Heineman has been active in the American Chemical Society. In the Cincinnati Section he served as Cintacs Editor, Secretary, Chair, Trustee, and Councilor. In the Division of Analytical Chemistry he served as Treasurer, Councilor, and Chair.

Education

B.Sc., Texas Tech University 1964 (Chemistry)

PhD, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 1968 (Chemistry)

Positions and Work Experience

1968 -1970 Research Chemist, Hercules Research Center,

1970 -1971 Research Associate, Case Western Reserve University,

1971 -1972 Research Associate, The Ohio State University,

1972 -1976 Assistant Professor of Chemistry, University of Cincinnati,

1976 -1980 Associate Professor of Chemistry, University of Cincinnati,

1980 -1988 Professor of Chemistry, University of Cincinnati,

1988 -To Present Distinguished Research Professor, University of Cincinnati,

Research and Practice Interests

• Spectroelectrochemistry
• Chemical sensors & biosensors
• Polymer modified electrodes
• Electrochemical immunoassay
• Microfluidic systems for chemical analysis

Research Support

Grant: #EECS-0701703 Investigators:Heineman, William; Jackson, Howard; Smith, Leigh; Yarrison-Rice, Jan 07-01-2007 -06-30-2011 National Science Foundation An Ultra Sensitive Biosensor Integrating Semi Conductor Nanowires with Plasmonic Resonators Role:Collaborator $347,732 Active Type:Grant

Grant: #DE-FG02-07ER64353 Investigators:Heineman, William; Seliskar, Carl 03-01-2007 -08-31-2012 Department of Energy Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Pertechnetate Applicable to Hanford and Other DOE Sites Role:PI $499,912 Active Type:Grant

Grant: #SRS 005788 Investigators:Heineman, William; Mantei, Thomas 07-01-2007 -07-01-2011 Ohio Board of Regents Eminent Scholar in Nanobiodevices Role:PI Active Active Type:Grant

Grant: #R01 OH009652 Investigators:Heineman, William; Seliskar, Carl; Talaska, Glenn 09-01-2009 -08-31-2011 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Target Organ DNA Damage in Coke Oven Workers Role:Collaborator $451,636 Active Type:Grant

Grant: #PNNL-113480 Investigators:Heineman, William 02-18-2010 -09-30-2013 Department of Energy Spectroelectrochemical Characterization of Relevant Lanthanides and Actinides in Ionic Liquids Role:PI $35,000 Active Type:Grant

Grant: #Sub 10-072 Investigators:Heineman, William 05-10-2010 -05-09-2012 Ohio Department of Development Nutrient Sensor Based on Direct Electron Transfer to Catalyst Free Ultra Small Carbon Nanotubes Role:PI $297,473 Active Type:Grant

Grant: #R21 ES019255 Investigators:Haynes, Erin; Heineman, William; Papautsky, Ian; Succop, Paul 09-01-2010 -08-31-2013 National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Multi-Metal Chip for Point-of-Care Monitoring in Children Role:Collaborator $424,910 Active Type:Grant

Grant: #EEC-081 Investigators:Schulz, Mark; Heineman, William; Shanov, Vesselin; Dong, Zhongyun; Pixley, Sarah 09-01-2008 -08-31-2018 National Science Foundation Revolutionizing Metallic Biomaterials Role:Investigator $1,525,006 Active Type:Grant

Grant: #Tech 11-057 Investigators:Heineman, William 05-10-2010 -05-10-2012 Ohio Department of Development Nutrient Sensor Based on Direct Electron Transfer to Catalyst Free Ultra Small Carbon Nanotubes Role:PI $129,238.00 Active Level:State of Ohio

Grant: #199065 Investigators:Heineman, William 01-01-2013 -12-31-2013 Department of Energy Spectroelectrochemical Characterization of Relevant- Revision Role:PI $28,000.00 Active

Grant: #contract No. 208546 \ DE-AC05-7GRL01830 Investigators:Heineman, William 05-08-2013 -09-30-2016 Department of Energy Non-pertechnetate Sensor Development Role:PI $50,000.00 Active

Grant: #1R01ES022933 Investigators:Chen, Aimin; Haynes, Erin; Heineman, William; Papautsky, Ian 09-04-2013 -05-31-2018 National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Development Of A Lab-on-a-Chip For Point-of-Care Biomonitoring Of Blood Metals Role:Collaborator $332,437.00 Active

Grant: #227796 Investigators:Heineman, William 01-01-2014 -09-30-2018 Department of Energy Non-pertechnetate sensor development Role:PI $211,491.00 Active

Grant: #DE-SC0009718 Investigators:Heineman, William 05-01-2014 -04-14-2016 EIC Laboratories, Inc. Development of a Spectroelectrochemical Technetium Sensor for Groundwater Monitoring Role:PI $75,000.00 Active

Investigators:E. Gutmark, W. Heineman, L. Sagle, V. Shanov, A. Steckl 02-01-2014 -05-31-2015 University of Cincinnati-Renewable Energy Grant Renewable Energy Storage Devices Using Renewable Materials. Role:Co-PI $80,000 Active Type:Grant Level:University

Investigators:W. R. Heineman 02-24-2014 -05-30-2014 UCRI P&G Surfactants Project Role:PI $9,982 Active

Investigators:W. R. Heineman 07-01-2014 -06-30-2016 UCRI Polar Oil/Saturated Swollen Micelles Technology for Soluble Actives Deposition Role:PI $140,000 Active

Investigators:W. R. Heineman 07-01-2014 -06-30-2016 UCRI Beauty Care Surfactant Skin/Scalp Mildness Method Development & Mechanistic Understanding Role:PI $140,000 Active

Grant: #R21ES024717 Investigators:Bhattacharya, Amit; Haynes, Erin; Heineman, William; Papautsky, Ian; Wilsey, Philip; Xie, Changchun 03-01-2015 -02-28-2018 National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Validation and Demonstration of Point-of-Care Sensor for Multi-Metal Exposure Assessment Role:Collaborator $197,708.00

Grant: #DMR-1531593 Investigators:Angelopoulos, Anastasios; Guliants, Vadim; Heineman, William; Jackson, Howard; Schulz, Mark; Shanov, Vesselin; Smith, Leigh; Vasudevan, Vijay; Zhang, Peng 09-01-2015 -08-31-2018 National Science Foundation MRI: Acquisition of a High Resolution Analytical Scanning Electron Microscope for Multidisciplinary Research and Education Role:Collaborator $531,693.00

Grant: #AF# 1073 (affil NSF DMR-1531593) Investigators:Angelopoulos, Anastasios; Guliants, Vadim; Heineman, William; Jackson, Howard; Schulz, Mark; Shanov, Vesselin; Smith, Leigh; Vasudevan, Vijay; Zhang, Peng 09-01-2015 -08-31-2018 Ohio Board of Regents MRI: Acquisition of a Ultra-High Resolution Analytical Scanning Electron Microscope for Multidisciplinary Research and Education Role:Collaborator $113,934.00

Grant: ##1012260 Investigators:Heineman, William 11-01-2015 -08-31-2018 NSF Design and Manufacturing of Intelligent and Resilient Water Treatment and Delivery Systems Role:Co-PI $100,000 Active Type:Grant

Investigators:Papautsky, Ian; Shanov, Vesselin; Dionysiou, Dion; Heineman, William 07-01-2015 -12-31-2016 UC Strategic Collaborative Grant Program Point-of-Care Sensors for Biomarker of Environmental and Personal Exposure Assessment Role:Co-PI $125,000 Active Type:Grant

Investigators:N. Alvarez, V. Shanov, E. Haynes, W. R. Heineman 07-01-2016 -Bad Format: 20170631 University of Cincinnati Strategic Collaboration Grant Program Cadmium Sensor for Water and Bodily Fluids Role:Co-PI $35,000

Grant: #CBET-1706489 Investigators:Dionysiou, Dionysios; Heineman, William; Shanov, Vesselin 07-15-2017 -06-30-2020 National Science Foundation Nanosensor for Point-of-Care Detection of Hepatotoxic Microscystins in Water Role:Collaborator $359,951.00 Active

Investigators:N. Alvarez, V. Shanov, W. Heineman 11-01-2017 -03-30-2018 UCRI-AO Smith Phase 1B & 2 Heavy Metal Sensors - Anodic Stripping Voltammetry based Carbon Nano Thread Sensor for Continuous Monitoring of Heavy Metal Contaminants in Tap and Reverse Osmosis Water Role:Co-PI $159,647 Active Type:Grant

Grant: #15-0420 Investigators:Heineman, William 06-13-2015 -07-31-2017 UCRI-P&G Beauty Care Surfactant Skin Scalp Mildness Method Development & Mechanistic Understanding Role:PI $150,000 Type:Grant

Grant: #445359 sub DE-AC05-76RL01830 Investigators:Heineman, William 03-13-2019 -12-31-2020 Department of Energy Non-pertechnetate sensor development Role:PI $49,998.00 Awarded Level:Federal

Abbreviated Publications

Book

P. T. Kissinger and W. R. Heineman. Laboratory Techniques in Electroanalytical Chemistry,; Dekker, New York, 1984.

P. T. Kissinger and W. R. Heineman. Laboratory Techniques in Electroanalytical Chemistry, 2nd Ed.,; Dekker, New York, 1996.

D. T. Sawyer, W. R. Heineman and J. M. Beebe. Experiments in Instrumental Methods,; Wiley, New York, 1984.

H. A. Strobel and W. R. Heineman. Chemical Instrumentation, 3rd ed.; Wiley, New York, 1989.

R. W. Murray, R. E. Dessy, W. R. Heineman, J. Janata, W. R. Seitz, Eds. Chemical Sensors and Microinstrumentation,; ACS Symposium Series No. 403: Washington, DC, 1989.

P. G. Eller, W. R. Heineman, Nuclear Site Remediation: First Accomplishments of the Environmental Management Science Program, ACS Symposium Series 778, Washington, DC, 2003.

Peer Reviewed Publications

R. W. Murray, W. R. Heineman and G. W. O'Dom. "An Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrochemical Cell". Anal. Chem. (1967), 39, 1666-1668.

W. R. Heineman, J. N. Burnett and R. W. Murray. "Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Iron(II)-(III) Acetylacetonate Ligand Exchange Reactions in Acetonitrile". Anal. Chem (1968), 40, 1970-1973.

W. R. Heineman, J. N. Burnett and R. W. Murray. "Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Ninhydrin Reduction in an Infrared Transparent Cell". Anal. Chem. (1968), 40, 1974-1978.

W. R. Heineman and T. Kuwana. "Mercury Platinum Optically Transparent Electrode". Anal. Chem (1971), 43, 1075-1078.

W. R. Heineman and T. Kuwana. "Spectroelectrochemical Studies of Metal Deposition and Stripping and of Specific Adsorption on Mercury Platinum Optically Transparent Electrodes". Anal. Chem. (1972), 44, 1972-1978.

W. R. Heineman, T. Kuwana and C. R. Hartzell. "Indirect Electrochemical Titration of Beef Heart Cytochrome c Oxidase". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun (1972), 49, 1-8.

W. R. Heineman, T. Kuwana and C. R. Hartzell. "Charge Distribution in Electron Transport Components: Cytochrome c and Cytochrome c Oxidase Mixtures". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun (1973), 50, 892-900.

R. F. Broman, W. R. Heineman and T. Kuwana. "Spectro-electrochemical Methods in the Study of Short Lived Intermediates". Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc (1973), 56, 16-27.

W. R. Heineman and T. Kuwana. "Spectroelectrochemical Studies of Stoichiometry, Energetics, and Kinetics of Heme Proteins: Cytochrome c and Cytochrome c Oxidase", Bioelectrochem. Bioenerg, 1, 389-406.

W. R. Heineman, B. J. Norris and J. F. Goelz. "Measurement of Enzyme Eo' Values by Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrochemical Cells". Anal. Chem (1975), 47, 79-84.

W. R. Heineman, T. P. DeAngelis and J. F. Goelz. "Mercury Film Nickel Minigrid Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrochemical Cell". Anal. Chem (1975), 47, 1364-1369.

T. M. Kenyhercz, T. P. DeAngelis, B. J. Norris, W. R. Heineman and H. B. Mark, Jr. "Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemical Study of Vitamin B12 and Related Cobalamine Compounds in Aqueous Media". J. Am. Chem. Soc (1976), 98, 2469-2477.

M. S. Denton, T. P. DeAngelis, A. M. Yacynych, W. R. Heineman and T. W. Gilbert. "Oscillating Mirror Rapid Scanning Ultraviolet Visible Spectrometer as a Detector for Liquid Chromatography". Anal. Chem (1976), 48, 20-24.

B. J. Norris, M. L. Meck¬stroth and W. R. Heineman. "Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrode for Anaerobic Measurements on Redox Enzymes". Anal. Chem (1976), 48, 630-632.

T. P. DeAngelis and W. R. Heineman. "An Electrochemical Experiment Using an Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrode". J. Chem. Ed (1976), 9, 594-597.

O. Rose, Jr., D. W. Mincey, A. M. Yacynych, W. R. Heineman and J. A. Caruso. "Application of an Oscillating Mirror Rapid Scanning Spectrometer to Simultaneous Multi-element Microwave Plasma Emission Spectrometry". Analyst (1976), 101, 753-756.

T. Kuwana and W. R. Heineman. "Study of Electrogenerated Reactants Using Optically Transparent Electrodes". Acc. Chem. Res (1976), 9, 241-248.

T. P. DeAngelis and W. R. Heineman. "Differential Pulse Anodic Stripping Voltammetry in a Thin Layer Electrochemical Cell". Anal. Chem (1976), 48, 2262-2263.

A. M. Yacynych and W. R. Heineman. "The Creeping Film Phenomenon of Potassium Chloride Solution". Nature (1976), 264, 383.

M. L. Meyer, T. P. Deangelis and W. R. Heineman. "Mercury Gold Minigrid Optically Transparent Thin-Layer Electrode". Anal. Chem (1977), 49, 602-606.

M. S. Denton, B. A. Jezl, W. R. Heineman and H. B. Mark, Jr. "Computer Control of Data Acquisition, Reduction and Display in Rapid Scanning Liquid Chromatography". J. Chem Inf. Comput. Sci (1977), 17, 238-242.

T. P. DeAngelis, R. W. Hurst, A. M. Yacynych, H. B. Mark, Jr., W. R. Heineman and J. S. Mattson. "Carbon and Mercury Carbon Optically Transparent Electrodes". Anal. Chem (1977), 49, 1395-1398.

C. W. Anderson, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman and G. P. Kreishman. "The Temperature Dependence of the Redox Potential of Horse Heart Cytochrome c in Sodium Chloride Solutions". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun (1977), 76, 339-344.

D. F. Rohrbach, E. Deutsch, W. R. Heineman and R. F. Pasternack. "Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemical Study of Tetrakis(4 N methylpyridyl) porphinecobalt(III),". Inorg. Chem (1977), 16, 2650-2652.

T. P. DeAngelis, R. E. Bond, E. E. Brooks and W. R. Heineman. "Thin Layer Differential Pulse Voltammetry". Anal. Chem (1977), 49, 1792-1797.

O. Rose, Jr., W. R. Heineman, J. A. Caruso and F. L. Fricke. "Modified Oscillating Mirror Rapid Scanning Spectrometer as a Detector for Simultaneous Multi-element Determination", Analyst, (1978), 103, 113-121.

W. R. Heineman, "Spectroelectrochemistry: Combination of Optical and Electrochemical Techniques for Studies of Redox Chemistry," Anal. Chem (1978), 50, 390A-395A.  (Reprinted in “Instrumentation in Analytical Chemistry,” Vol. 2, S. A. Borman, Ed., ACS, Washington, DC, 1982, pp. 227-232.).

G. P. Kreishman, C. W. Anderson, C. H. Su, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "The Effect of Bulk Solvent Structure on the Temperature Dependence of the Reduction Potential of Cytochrome c,". Bioelectrochem. Bioener (1978), 5, 196-203.

W. R. Heineman and P. T. Kissinger. "Analytical Electrochemistry: Methodology and Applications of Dynamic Techniques,". Anal. Chem., (1978), 50, 166R-175R.

W. R. Heineman and J. F. Goelz. "The Specific Adsorption of Anions on a Hg-Pt Optically Transparent Electrode by Transmission Spectroelectrochemistry,". J. Electroanal. Chem (1978), 89, 437-441.

E. Deutsch, W. R. Heineman, R. Hurst, J. C. Sullivan, W. A. Mulac, and S. Gordon. "Production, Detection and Characterization of Transient Hexavalent Technetium in Aqueous Alkaline Media by Pulse Radiolysis and Very Fast Scan Cyclic Voltammetry", J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., (1978), 23, 1038-1040.

C. W. Anderson, H. B. Hal¬sall and W. R. Heineman. "A Small Volume Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemical Cell for the Study of Biological Components,". Anal. Biochem., (1979), 93,, 366-372.

E. A. Blubaugh, A. M. Yacynych and W. R. Heineman. "Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemistry for Monitoring Kinetics of Electrogenerated Species,". Anal. Chem., (1979), 51,, 561-565.

). W. R. Heineman, C. W. Anderson and H. B. Halsall. "Immunoassay by Differential Pulse Polarography,". Science, (1979), 204,, 865-866.

D. F. Rohrbach, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemical Studies of Cobalt and Copper Schiff Base Com¬plexes". Inorg. Chem., (1979), 18,, 2536-2542.

D. A. Roston, E. E. Brooks and W. R. Heineman. "Elimination of Intermetallic Compound Interferences in Twin Electrode Anodic Stripping Voltammetry,". Anal. Chem., (1979), 51,, 1728-1732.

J. F. Goelz and W. R. Heineman. "Characterization of Hg Pt Optically Transparent Electrodes,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (1979), 103,, 147-154.

J. F. Goelz and W. R. Heineman. "Transmission Spectroelectrochemical Study of Anion Adsorption at a Hg Pt Optic¬ally Transparent Electrode,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (1979), 103,, 155-163.

J. F. Goelz, A. M. Yacynych, H. B. Mark, Jr., and W. R. Heineman. "Internal Reflection Spectroscopy at a Hg Pt Optically Transparent Electrode,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (1979), 103,, 277-280.

W. R. Heineman, M. L. Meckstroth, B. J. Norris and C.-H. Su. "Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrode Techniques for the Study of Biological Redox Systems,". Bioelectrochem. Bioenerg., (1979), 6,, 577-585.

G. P. Kreishman, C. H. Su, C. W. Anderson, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "The Effect of Bulk Solvent Structure and Specific Ion Binding on the Temperature Dependence of the Reduction Potential of Horse Heart Cytochrome c,". Bioelect¬rochemistry: Ions, Surfaces, Membranes, Advances in Chemistry Series 188, Sym¬posium Proceedings for 176 ACS National Meeting, Miami Beach, September 11 17, 1978 (M. Blank, Ed.). American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, (1980), 169-185.

W. R. Heineman, H. J. Wieck and A. M. Yacynych. "Polymer Film Chemically Modified Electrode as a Potentiometric Sensor,". Anal. Chem., (1980), 52,, 345-346.

K. A. Rubinson, J. Caja, R. W. Hurst, E. Itabashi, T. M. Kenyhercz, W. R. Heineman and H. B. Mark, Jr. "The Unusual, Slow Redox Properties of Cu, Ni, and Rh Cobalamins,". J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., (1980), 47-48.

T. C. Pinkerton, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Separation of Technetium Hydroxyethylidene Diphosphonate Complexes by Anion Exchange High Performance Liquid Chromatography,". Anal. Chem., (1980), 52,, 1106-1110.

T. C. Pinkerton, K. Hajizadeh, E. Deutsch and W. R. Heineman. "Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrochemical Flow Cell for Liquid Chroma¬tography,". Anal. Chem., (1980), 52,, 1542-1544.

J. Caja, A. Czerwinski, K. A. Rubinson, W. R. Heineman and H. B. Mark, Jr. "Characteristics of Thin Layer Cells with Nafion Separators,". Anal. Chem., (1980), 52,, 1010-1013.

W. R. Heineman and P. T. Kissinger. "Analytical Electrochemistry: Methodology and Applications of Dynamic Techniques,". Anal. Chem., (1980), 52,, 138R-151R.

M. L. Meckstroth, B. J. Norris and W. R. Heineman. "Mediator Titrants for Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemical Measurement of Biocom¬ponent Uo' and n Values,". Bioelectrochem. Bioenerg., (1981), 8,, 63-70.

C. H. Su and W. R. Heineman. "Determination of Reduction Potentials and Electron Transfer Stoichiometries for Biological Redox Species by Thin Layer Pulse and Staircase Coulometry,". Anal. Chem., (1981), 53,, 594-598.

T. B. Jarbawi, G. J. Patriarche and W. R. Heineman. "Thin Layer Differential Pulse Voltammetric Determination of Chlorpromazine in Biological Fluids,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1981), 126,, 57-64.

R. W. Hurst, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Technetium Electrochemistry. 1. Spectroelectrochemical Studies of Halogen, Diars, and Diphos Complexes of Technetium in Nonaqueous Media,". Inorg. Chem., (1981), 20,, 3298-3303.

W. R. Heineman. "Stripping Voltammetry, in Water Quality Measurement: The Modern Analytical Techniques, (H. B. Mark, Jr., Ed.), Dekker, New York, 1981.". (1981), 125-150.

T. C. Pinkerton, D. L. Ferguson, E. Deutsch, W. R. Heineman and K. Libson. "In Vivo Distributions of Some Component Fractions of Tc(NaBH4) HEDP Mixtures Separated by Anion Exchange High Performance Liquid Chromatography,". Int. J. Appl. Rad. Isot., (1982), 33,, 907-915.

E. Deutsch, W. R. Heineman, J. P. Zodda, T. W. Gilbert and C. C. Williams. "Preparation of "No Carrier Added" Technetium 99m Complexes: Determination of the Total Technetium Content of Generator Eluents,". Int. J. Appl. Rad. Isot., (1982), 33,, 843-848.

J. P. Zodda, W. R. Heineman, T. W. Gilbert and E. Deutsch. "Quantitative Determination of Pertechnetate by High-Performance Liquid Chroma¬tography with UV Detection,". J. Chromatogr., Biomed. Appl., (1982), 227,, 249-255.

M. J. Simone, W. R. Heineman and G. P. Kreishman. "Preliminary Spectrofluoroelectrochemical Studies Indicate a Possible Conforma¬tional Change in Horse Heart Cytochrome c Upon Reduction,". J. Colloid Interface. Sci., (1982), 86,, 295-298.

T. B. Jarbawi and W. R. Heineman. "Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemistry of a Regenerative Mechanism,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (1982), 132,, 323-328.

T. Jarbawi and W. R. Heineman. "Preconcentration of Chlorpromazine at a Wax Impregnated Graphite Electrode,". Anal. Chim. Acta., (1982), 135,, 359-362.

W. R. Heineman, C. W. Anderson, H. B. Halsall, M. M. Hurst, J. M. Johnson, G. P. Kreishman, B. J. Norris, M. J. Simone, and C. H. Su. "Studies of Biological Redox Systems by Thin Layer Electrochemical Techniques, in Electrochemical and Spectrochemical Studies of Biological Redox Components (K. Kadish, Ed.), Advances in Chemistry Series, No. 201, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC,". (1982), 1-21.

W. R. Heineman. "Determination of Formal Reduction Potentials (Eo') and Electron Stoichiometries (n) with an Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrode,". Denki Kagaku, (1982), 50,, 142-148.

J. M. Johnson, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Potential-Dependent Enzymatic Activity in an Enzyme Thin Layer Cell,". Anal. Chem., (1982), 54,, 1377-1383.

J. M. Johnson, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Galactose Oxidase Enzyme Electrode with Internal Solution Potential Control,". Anal. Chem., (1982), 54,, 1377-1383.

K. R. Wehmeyer, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Investigation of Hapten Antibody Interactions by Differential Pulse Polarography,". Clin. Chem., (1982), 54,, 1394-1399.

W. R. Heineman and P. T. Kissinger. "Cyclic Voltammetry, the Electrochemical Equivalent of Spectroscopy,". Am. Lab, (1982), 14,, 29-38.

H. M. Eggers, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Enzyme Immunoassay with Flow Amperometric Detection of NADH,". Clin. Chem., (1982), 28,, 1968-1972.

E. S. DeCastro, D. A. Smith, J. E. Mark and W. R. Heineman. "Electrodes Coated with Polymer Networks Cross Linked by Gamma Irradiation,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (1982), 138,, 197-200.

M. J. Doyle, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Heterogeneous Immunoassay for Serum Proteins by Differential Pulse Anodic Stripping Voltammetry,". Anal. Chem., (1982), 54,, 2318-2322.

M. J. Simone, W. R. Heineman and G. P. Kreishman. "Long Optical Path Electrochemical Cell for Absorption or Fluorescence Spectro¬meters,". Anal. Chem., (1982), 54,, 2382-2384.

P. T. Kissinger and W. R. Heineman. "Cyclic Voltammetry,". J. Chem. Ed., (1983), 60,, 702-706.

J. J. Van Benschoten, J. Y. Lewis, W. R. Heineman, D. A. Roston and P. T. Kissinger. "Cyclic Voltammetry Experiment,". J. Chem. Ed., (1983), 60,, 772-776.

K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Immunoassay by Electrochemical Techniques, in Methods in Enzymology:". Immuno¬chemical Techniques, (1983), Vol. 92, Part E (H. Van Vanakis and J. J. Langone, Eds.), Academic Press, New York,, 432-444.

D. W. Paul, T. H. Ridgway and W. R. Heineman. "Microprocessor Controlled Potentiostat for Twin Electrode Voltammetry,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1983), 146,, 125-134.

W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemistry: The Combination of Optical and Electrochemical Tech¬niques,". J. Chem. Ed., (1983), 60,, 305-308.

J. Y. Lewis, J. P. Zodda, E. Deutsch and W. R. Heineman. "Determination of Pertechnetate by Liquid Chromatography with Reductive Electro¬chemical Detection,". Anal. Chem., (1983), 55,, 708-713.

J. M. Johnson, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Metal Complexes as Mediator Titrants for Electrochemical Studies of Biological Systems,". Anal. Biochem., (1983), 133,, 186-189.

S. Tanabe, J. P. Zodda, E. Deutsch and W. R. Heineman. "Effect of pH on the Formation of Tc(NaBH4) MDP Radiopharmaceutical Analogues,". Int. J. Appl. Radiat. Isot., (1983), 34,, 1577-1584.

S. Tanabe, J. P. Zodda, K. Libson E. Deutsch and W. R. Heineman. "The Biological Distributions of Some Technetium MDP Components Isolated by Anion Exchange High Performance Liquid Chromatography,". Int. J. Appl. Radiat. Isot., (1983), 34,, 1585-1592.

R. C. Elder, E. A. Blubaugh, Jr., W. R. Heineman, P. J. Burke and D. R. McMillin. "Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemical Studies of Copper and Nickel Unsymmetrical Schiff Base Complexes,". Inorg. Chem., (1983), 22,, 2777-2779.

K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle, D. S. Wright, H. M. Eggers, H. B Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Liquid Chromatography with Electrochemical Detection of Phenol and NADH for Enzyme Immunoassay,". J. Liq. Chromatogr., (1983), 6,, 2141-2156.

T. C. Pinkerton and W. R. Heineman. "The Electrochemical Reduction of Pertechnetate in Aqueous Hydroxyethylidene Diphosphonate Media,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (1983), 158,, 323-340.

J. A. Wise, D. A. Roston and W. R. Heineman. "The Effects of Copper Zinc and Copper Cadmuim Intermetallic Compounds in Different Systems Used for Anodic Stripping Voltammetry,". Anal. Chim. Acta., (1983), 154,, 95-104.

M. J. Doyle, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "A Releasable Label for Immunoassay by Anodic Stripping Voltammetry,". Trends Anal. Chem., 2 (9) XI-XII (1983).

P. T. Kissinger, C. R. Preddy, R. E. Shoup and W. R. Heineman. "Fundamental Concepts of Analytical Electrochemistry,". in Laboratory Techniques in Electroanalytical Chemistry, (P. T. Kissinger and W. R. Heineman, Eds.), Dekker, New York, (1984), 9-49.

W. R. Heineman and P. T. Kissinger. "Large Amplitude Controlled Potential Techniques, in Laboratory Techniques in Electroanalytical Chemistry, (P. T. Kissinger and W. R. Heineman, Eds.),". Dekker, New York, (1984), 51-127.

W. R. Heineman and P. T. Kissinger. "Large Amplitude Controlled-Current Techniques,". Laboratory Techniques in Elec¬troanalytical Chemistry, (P. T. Kissinger and W. R. Heineman, Eds.), Dekker, New York, (1984), 129-142.

W. R. Heineman, H. B. Mark, Jr., J. A. Wise and D. A. Roston. "Electrochemical Preconcentration,". Laboratory Techniques in Electroanalytical Chemistry, (P. T. Kissinger and W. R. Heineman, Eds.), Dekker, New York, (1984), 499-538.

W. R. Heineman, F. M. Hawkridge and H. N. Blount. "Spectroelectrochemistry at Optically Transparent Electrodes. II. Electrodes Under Thin-Layer and Semi-infinite Diffusion Conditions and Indirect Coulometric Titrations,". Electroanalytical Chemistry (A. J. Bard, Ed.) Dekker, New York, (1984), 1-113.

A. Ichimura, W. R. Heineman, J. L. Vanderheyden and E. Deutsch. "Technetium Electrochemistry. 2.1 Electrochemical and Spectroelectrochemical Stud¬ies of the Bis(tertiary phosphine (D) Complexes trans [TcIIID2X2]+ (X=Cl, Br) and [TcID3]+,". Inorg. Chem., (1984), 23,, 1272-1278.

G. Bandoli, U. Mazzi, A. Ichimura, K. Libson, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "An Isothiocyanato Complex of Technetium (II). Spectroelectrochemical and Single-Crystal X ray Structural Studies on trans [Tc(DPPE)2(NCS)2]o, Where DPPE = 1,2 Bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane,". Inorg. Chem., (1984), 23,, 2898-2901.

M. J. Doyle, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Enzyme Linked Immunoadsorbent Assay with Electrochemical Detection for ?1 Acid Glycoprotein,". Anal. Chem., (1984), 56, 2355-2360.

D. A. Smith, M. J. Heeg, W. R. Heineman and R. C. Elder. "Direct Determination of Fe C Bond Lengths in Iron(II) and Iron(III) Cyanide Solutions using EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry,". J. Amer. Chem. Soc., (1984), 106,, 3053-3054.

W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemistry,". CRC Handbook of Clinical Chemistry (1985), 2,, 207-213.

J. A. Wise, W. R. Heineman and P. T. Kissinger. "Flow Injection System for Stripping Voltammetry,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1985), 172,, 1-12.

K. R. Wehmeyer, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Heterogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection: Competitive and "Sandwich" Type Immunoassays,". Clin. Chem., (1985), 31,, 1546-1549.

J. Y. Lewis, T. C. Pinkerton, E. Deutsch and W. R. Heineman. "Stripping Chronocoulometry for the Determination of Pertechnetate,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1985), 167,, 335-342.

J. M. Kauffmann, G. J. Patriarche, J. C. Vire and W. R. Heineman. "Unusual Electrochemical Behaviour of a New Phenothiazine,". Analyst, (1985), 110,, 349-351.

J. M. Johnson, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Redox Activation of Galactose Oxidase: A Thin Layer Electrochemical Study,". Biochemistry, (1985), 24,, 1579-1585.

A. Ichimura, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Technetium Electrochemistry. 3.1 Spectroelectrochemical Studies on the Mixed Ligand Technetium (III) Complexes trans [Tc(PR2R')2L]+ Where L Is a Tetradentate Schiff Base Ligand and PR2R' Is a Monodentate Tertiary Phosphine Ligand,". Inorg. Chem., (1985), 24,, 2134-2139.

D. A. Smith, R. C. Elder and W. R. Heineman. "(100) Extended X ray Absorption Fine Structure Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemistry,". Anal. Chem., (1985), 57,, 2361-2365.

S. A. Borman, Ed., ACS, Washington, DC, 1986). "Strategies For Electrochemical Immunoassay, Anal. Chem., 57, 1321A-1331A (1985). (Reprinted in Biochimica Clinica, 11, 791 798 (1987) and Instrumentation in Analytical Chemistry:". (1985).

T. B. Jarbawi and W. R. Heineman. "Preconcentration of Tranquilizers by Adsorption/Extraction at a Wax-Impregnated Graphite Electrode,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1986), 186,, 11-19.

J. P. Zodda, S. Tanabe, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "The Effect of Formulation Conditions on the Distribution of 99mTc(NaBH4)-HEDP Components Separated By Anion Exchange HPLC,". Appl. Radiat. Isot., (1986), 37,, 345-354.

D. L. Ferguson, K. Libson, J. P. Zodda, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "HPLC Separated Fractions of 99mTc(NaBH4) HEDP As Myocardial Infarct Imaging Agents,". Appl. Radiat. Isot., (1986), 37,, 341-344.

K. R. Wehmeyer, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, C. P. Volle and I. W. Chen. "Competitive Heterogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay for Digoxin with Electrochemical Detection,". Anal. Chem., (1986), 58,, 135-139.

M. E. Holland, E. Deutsch, W. R. Heineman and E. M. Holland. "Studies on Commercially Available 99Mo/99mTc Radionuclide Generators-I. Comparison of Five Analytical Procedures for Determination of Total Technetium in Generator Eluants,". Appl. Radiat. Isot., (1986), 37,, 165-171.

M. E. Holland, E. Deutsch and W. R. Heineman. "Studies on Commercially Available 99Mo/99mTc Radionuclide Generators-II. Operating Characteristics and Behavior of 99Mo/99mTc Generators,". Appl. Radiat. Isot, (1986), 37,, 173-180.

K. Libson, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "The Chemistry of Technetium Diphosphonate Bone Imaging Agents,". Medicina Nuclear, (1986), 3 (6),, 35-40.

W. R. Heineman, E. Deutsch, and R. B. Scott. "Electrochemistry of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals: Coulometric Reduction of Pertechnetate in the Presence of HEDP,". in Technetium in Chemistry and Nuclear Medicine, Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Technetium in Chemistry and Nuclear Medicine, Padua, Italy, September 9 11, 1985 (M. Nicolini, G. Bandoli, and U. Mazzi, Eds.), Raven Press, New York, (1986), 97-101.

W. R. Heineman. "Chronocoulometry,". Current Separations, (1986), 7,, 58-67.

W. R. Heineman, J. R. Kirchhoff and E. Deutsch. "Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemistry of Inorganic and Biological Systems in Analytiktreffen 1985". Electrochemische Analysenmethoden, Karl Marx Universität, Leipzig, (1986), 132-145.

B. B. Brown, D. W. Paul, T. H. Ridgway and W. R. Heineman. "Purification of Supporting Electrolyte by a Moderate Current Pre-electrolysis Potentiostat,". Anal. Instr., (1986), 15,, 63-76.

E. Birch, R. Scott, W. R. Heineman and T. H. Ridgway. "Design, Construction and Characterization of a Low Cost High Precision Digital Integrator,". Anal. Instr., (1986), 15,, 127-136.

Y. Ikariyama and W. R. Heineman. "Polypyrrole Electrode as a Detector for Electroinactive Anions by Flow Injection Analysis,". Anal. Chem., (1986), 58,, 1803-1806.

J. R. Kirchhoff, E. Deutsch and W. R. Heineman. "Characterization of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals by Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemistry,". J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., (1986), 4,, 777-787.

C. E. Lunte, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Immunoassay: An Ultrasensitive Assay Technique,". Am. Lab. Management, (1986), 24,, 51-58.

W. R. Heineman, E. Deutsch and H. B. Halsall. "Recent Applications of Electroanalysis in the Basic Medical Sciences in Electrochemistry, Sensors, and Analysis: Proceedings of the International Conference "Electroanalysis na h'Eireann", (M.R. Smyth and J. G. Vos, Eds.), Elsevier, New York,". (1986), 345-353.

D. S. Wright, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Digoxin Homogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic Column Switching with Amperometric Detection,". Anal. Chem., (1986), 58,, 2995 2998.

H. D. Dewald, J. W. Watkins II, R. C. Elder and W. R. Heineman. "Development of Extended X ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroelectrochemistry and Its Application to Structural Studies of Transition-Metal Ions in Aqueous Solution,". Anal. Chem., (1986), 58,, 2968 2975.

C. E. Lunte, S. W. Wong, T. H. Ridgway, W. R. Heineman and K. W. Chan. "Voltammetric/Amperometric Detection for Flow Injection Systems,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1986), 188,, 263-267.

P. T. Kissinger, R. G. Cooks and W. R. Heineman. "Consider Teaching! It's Been Good to Us,". Anal. Chem., (1986), 58,, 1399A-1410A.

C. E. Lunte, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle and D. S. Wright. "Immunoassay by HPLC and Flow Injection Analysis with Electrochemical Detection, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Electrochemical Sensors for Biomedical Applications, (C. K. N. Li, Ed.), The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ,". (1986), 129-138.

Y. Ikariyama and W. R. Heineman. "Conductive Polymer Coated Electrode as a Detector for Electroinactive Anions, in Proceedings of the 2nd International Meeting of Chemical Sensors, Bordeaux,". (1986), 669 672.

W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle and D. S. Wright. "Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection, in Methods of Biochemical Analysis, (D. Glick, Ed.), Wiley, New York,". (1987), 345 393.

D. S. Wright, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Digoxin Homogeneous Eaznzyme Immunoassay with Amperometric Detection, in Electrochemical Sensors in Immunological Analysis, (T. T. Ngo, Ed.), Plenum,". (1987), 117 130.

K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Heterogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay with Amperometric Detection, in Electrochemical Sensors in Immunological Analysis, (T. T. Ngo, Ed.), Plenum,". (1987), 309 325.

M. J. Doyle, K. R. Wehmeyer, W. R. Heineman and H. B. Halsall. "Immunoassay by Differential Pulse Polarography and Anodic Stripping Voltammetry, in Electrochemical Sensors in Immunological Analysis, (T. T. Ngo, Ed.), Plenum,". (1987), 87-102.

H. D. Dewald, D. M. Caster and W. R. Heineman. "Optical Spectroelectrochemistry in Proceedings of the Symposium on Electrochemistry and Solid State Science Education at the Graduate and Undergraduate Level, (W. H. Smyrl and F. McLarnon, Eds.), The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ,". (1987), 49 58.

C. E. Lunte, T. H. Ridgway and W. R. Heineman. "Voltammetric Amperometric Dual Electrode Detection for Flow Injection Analysis and Liquid Chromatography,". Anal. Chem., (1987), 59,, 761-766.

E. S. DeCastro, E. W. Huber, D. Villarroel, C. Galiatsatos, J. E. Mark, W. R. Heineman and P. T. Murray. "Electrodes with Polymer Network Films Formed by Gamma Irradiation Cross Linking,". Anal. Chem., (1987), 59,, 134-139.

W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle, D. S. Wright and C. E. Lunte. "Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay, in Bioelectroanalysis, 1: Symposium Held at Matrafured, Hungary, 6-8 October, 1986, Akademiai Kiado, Budapest, Hungary,". (1987), 35 54.

V. Kumar and W. R. Heineman. "Thin Layer Square Wave Voltammetry and Square Wave Stripping Voltammetry,". Anal. Chem., (1987), 59,, 842-846.

M. J. Kelly and W. R. Heineman. "Gamma Irradiated Polymer Modified Mercury Film Electrodes,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (1987), 222,, 243-256.

R. M. Wilson, K. Hannemann, W. R. Heineman and J. R. Kirchhoff. "Laser Jet Delayed Trapping: Electron Transfer Trapping of the Photoenol from 2 Methyl-benzophenone,". J. Am. Chem. Soc., (1987), 109,, 4743-4745.

C. E. Lunte, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall and P. T. Kissinger. "Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay,". Current Separations, (1987), 8,, 18-22.

C. E. Lunte, J. F. Wheeler and W. R. Heineman. "Voltammetric/Amperometric Detection for Liquid Chromatography,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1987), 200,, 101-114.

W. R. Heineman and H. B. Halsall. "Enzyme Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection in Flow Systems, in Proceedings of Biosensors International Workshop 1987, (R. D. Schmid, Ed.), Gesellschaft für Biotechnologische Forschung Monographs, VCH,". (1987), 10,, 127-132.

W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle and D. S. Wright. "Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection (Presented at International Symposium on Electroanalysis and Sensors in Biomedical, Environmental and Industrial Sciences, UWIST, Cardiff, Wales),". Anal. Proceedings, (1987), 24,, 324-325.

J. R. Kirchhoff, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Technetium Electrochemistry. 4.1 Electrochemical and Spectroelectrochemical Studies on the Bis (tertiary phosphine or arsine (D))rhenium(III) Complexes trans [ReD2X2]+ (X=Cl,Br). Comparison with the Technetium(III) Analogues,". Inorg. Chem., (1987), 26,, 3108-3113.

Y. Ikariyama, C. Galiatsatos, W. R. Heineman and S. Yamauchi. "Polypyrrole Electrode as a Detector of Anionic Substances,". Sens. Actuators, (1987), 12,, 455-461.

E. W. Huber, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Technetium Electrochemistry. 5.1 Spectroelectrochemical Studies on the Hexachlorotechnetate(IV) and Hexabromotechnetate(IV) Complexes in Aqueous Media,". Inorg. Chem., (1987), 26,, 3718-3722.

C. E. Lunte, W. R. Heineman and H. B. Halsall. "Enzyme Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection,". CHIMICAoggi, (1987), 1 2,, 19-22.

L. A. Coury, Jr., E. M. Birch and W. R. Heineman. "Polymer Modified, Carbon Fiber Microelectrodes as Catechol Sensors: Microvoltammetric Electrodes for Biochemical Sensor Applications, in Proceedings of the Symposium on Sensor Science and Technology, (B. Schumm, Jr., C. C. Liu, R. A. Powers and E. B. Yeager, Eds.), The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ,". (1987), 87-15,, 104-120.

C. E. Lunte and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Techniques in Bioanalysis". Topics in Current Chemistry (1988), 143, 3-48.

W. R. Heineman and H. B. Halsall. "Electrochemical Immunosensors". Proceedings of NATO Advanced Research Workshop Medical and Industrial Uses (1988), 226, 281-290.

S. H. Jenkins, W. R. Heineman and H. B. Halsall. "Extending the Detection Limit of Solid Phase Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay to the Attomole Level". Anal. Biochem (1988), 168, 292-299.

C. E. Lunte, J. F. Wheeler and W. R. Heineman. "Determination of Selected Phenolic Acids in Beer Extract by Liquid Chromatography with Voltammetric Amperometric Detection". Analyst (1988), 113, 95-98.

R. C. Elder, C. E. Lunte, A. F. M. M. Rahman, J. R. Kirchhoff, H. D. Dewald and W. R. Heineman. "In Situ Observation of Copper Redox in a Polymer Modified Electrode Using EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry". J. Electroanal. Chem (1988), 240, 361-364.

E. W. Huber and W. R. Heineman. "The Polymerization of Dimethyldiallylammonium Chloride by Gamma Irradiation as Followed by 1H NMR". J. Polymer Sci.: Part C: Polymer Letters (1988), 26, 333-339.

M. J. Kelly and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Studies in 3 Methyl 2 Oxazolidone". J. Electroanal. Chem (1988), 248, 441-446.

J. F. Wheeler, C. E. Lunte, W. R. Heineman, L. Adams and E. V. Hess. "Electrochemical Determination of N Oxidized Procainamide Metabolites and Functional Assessment of Effects on Murine Cells". In Vitro, Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med (1988), 188, 381-386.

E. W. Huber and W. R. Heineman. "Role of Monomer in Gamma-Irradiated Dimethyldiallylammonium Chloride Modified Electrodes". Anal. Chem (1988), 60, 2467-2472.

J. R. Kirchhoff, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Technetium Electrochemistry. 6. Electrochemical Behavior of Cationic Rhenium and Technetium Complexes in Aqueous and Aqueous Micellar Solutions". Inorg. Chem (1988), 27, 3608-3614.

H. T. Tang, C. E. Lunte, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "p Aminophenyl Phosphate: An Improved Substrate for Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay". Anal. Chim. Acta (1988), 214, 187-195.

D. S. Wright, M. L. Friedman, S. H. Jenkins, W. R. Heineman and H. B. Halsall. "Sequestration Electrochemistry: The Interaction of Chlorpromazine and Human Orosomucoid". Anal. Biochem (1988), 171, 290-293.

H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, S. H. Jenkins, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle and D. S. Wright. "Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay". J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand (1988), 93, 491-493.

T. Zhou, W. W. Hirth, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. " Quantitative HPLC Determination of [99mTc] Pertechnetate in Radiopharmaceuticals and Biological Samples-I. Technique Development". Nucl. Med. Biol (1988), 15, 493-498.

F. Refosco, U. Mazzi, E. Deutsch, J. R. Kirchhoff, W. R. Heineman and R. Seeber. "Electrochemistry of Oxo Technetium(V) Complexes Containing Schiff Base and 8 Quinolinol Ligands". Inorg. Chem (1988), 27, 4121-4127.

L. A. Coury, Jr. and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Examination of Unusual Properties of Spectroscopic Graphite Electrodes". J. Electroanal. Chem (1988), 256, 327-341.

H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman and S. H. Jenkins. "Capillary Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection". Clin. Chem (1988), 34, 1701-1702.

L. A. Coury, Jr., E. W. Huber and W. R. Heineman. "Application of Modified Electrodes in the Voltammetric Determination of Catecholamine Neurotransmitters". Applied Biosensors (1989), 1-37.

L. A. Coury, Jr., E. W. Huber, E. M. Birch and W. R. Heineman. "Polymer Modified, Carbon Fiber Microelectrodes as Catechol Sensors". J. Electrochem. Soc (1989), 136, 1044-4049.

R. B. Scott, P. J. Schofield, E. A. Deutsch and W. R. Heineman. "Chromatographic Characterization of Electrochemically Generated Technetium HEDP Skeletal Imaging Agents". Talanta (1989), 36, 285-292.

M. E. Holland, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Technetium 99m Complexes of Dimethylaminomethylene Diphosphonate (DMAD)-I. Anion Exchange HPLC Characterization of 99mTc(NaBH4) DMAD Mixtures". Nucl. Med. Biol (1989), 16, 301-311.

M. E. Holland, J. Bugaj, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Technetium 99m Complexes of Dimethylaminomethylene Diphosphonate (DMAD)-II. Biological Distributions of 99mTc DMAD Components Isolated by Anion Exchange HPLC". Nucl. Med. Biol. (1989), 16, 313-317.

J. L. Martin, Jr., J. Yuan, C. E. Lunte, R. C. Elder, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Technetium Diphosphonate Skeletal Imaging Agents: EXAFS Structural Studies in Aqueous Solution". Inorg. Chem (1989), 28, 2899-2901.

M. A. Abdelnasser, E. Deutsch and W. R. Heineman. "Anion Exchange High Performance Liquid Chromatography of Technetium Labeled Phosphono-acetic Acid Skeletal Imaging Agent Preparations". J. Chromatog, Biomed. Appl (1989), 488, 463-469.

W. R. Heineman and W. B. Jensen. "Spectroelectrochemistry Using Transparent Electrodes: An Anecdotal History of the Early Years, in ACS Symposium Series 390". Electrochemistry, Past and Present (1989), 442-457.

J. R. Kirchhoff, J. F. Wheeler, C. E. Lunte, and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemistry: Principles and Measurements". Clinical Chemistry—Theory Analysis and Correlation (1989), 2, 213-227.

T. Konno, J. R. Kirchhoff, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Thiolato Technetium Complexes. 2. Synthesis, Characterization, Electrochemistry and Spectro– electrochemistry of the Technetium(III) Complexes trans [Tc(SR)2(DMPE)2]+, Where R is an Alkyl or Benzyl Group and DMPE is 1,2 Bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane". Inorg. Chem (1989), 28, 1174-1179.

). J. R. Kirchhoff, E. Deutsch and W. R. Heineman. "Factors Influencing Electroanalytical Measurements in Aqueous Surfactant Media". Anal. Lett (1989), 22, 1323-1340.

E. Buckley, M. R. Smyth, W. R. Heineman and H. B. Halsall. "Some Recent Developments in Electrochemical Immunoassays". Anal. Proc (1989), 26, 5-6.

L. A. Coury, Jr., C. Galiatsatos, E. W. Huber, S. Sponaugle and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Sensors Based on Polymer Films Immobilized by Gamma Irradiation, in ACS Symposium Series 403". Chemical Sensors and Microinstrumentation (1989), 78-95.

C. Galiatsatos, K. Hajizadeh, J. E. Mark and W. R. Heineman. "New Method for Enzyme Membrane Preparation Based on Polyurethane Technology". Biosens. Bioelectron (1989), 4, 393-402.

Y. Xu, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Solid Phase Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay with Attomole Detection Limit by Flow Injection Analysis". J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal (1989), 7, 1301-1311.

W. R. Heineman and P. T. Kissinger. "(177) Cyclic Voltammetry: The Electrochemical Equivalent of Spectroscopy,". Current Separations, (1989), 9,, 15-18.

W. R. Heineman. "Introduction: Electrochemical Sensors, in ACS Symposium Series 403,". Chemical Sensors and Microinstrumentation, (1989), 22-25.

W. R. Heineman. "(179) Introduction to Electroanalytical Chemistry, Chapt. 27,". Chemical Instrumentation: A Systematic Approach (1989), 3,, 963-999.

W. R. Heineman and H. A. Strobel. "Potentiometric Methods, Chapt. 28". Chemical Instrumentation: A Systematic Approach (1989), 3.

W. R. Heineman. "Voltammetry: Basic Concepts and Hydrodynamic Techniques, Chapt. 29,". Chemical Instrumentation: A Systematic Approach (1989), 3, 1055-1111.

W. R. Heineman. "Voltammetry: Stationary Solution Techniques, Chapt. 30". (182) Voltammetry: Stationary Solution Techniques, Chapt. 30 (1989), 3, 1112-1153.

H. Emons, G. Werner and W. R. Heineman. "Voltammetric Behaviour of Immunoglobulin G at Stationary Mercury Electrodes,". Analyst (1989), 115, 405-408.

R. S. Tieman, L. A. Coury, Jr., J. R. Kirchhoff and W. R. Heineman. "The Electrochemistry of Hemin in Dimethylsulfoxide". J. Electroanal. Chem (1989), 281, 133-145.

E. M. Birch, L. A. Coury, Jr. and W. R. Heineman. "Characterization and Selectivity of Electrodes Coated with Gamma Radiation-Immobilized Hydrogen Matrices". Anal. Chem., (1989), 62, 1123-1130.

C. Galiatsatos, Y. Ikariyama, J. E. Mark, and W. R. Heineman. "Immobilization of Glucose Oxidase in a Poly[Vinyl Alcohol] Matrix on Platinized Graphite Electrodes by Gamma Irradiation,". Biosens. Bioelecront (1989), 5, 47-61.

). E. P. Gil, H. T. Tang, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman and A. S. Misiego. "Competitive Heterogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay for Theophylline by Flow Injection Analysis with Electrochemical Detection of p Aminophenol,". Clin. Chem., (1990), 36,, 662-665.

J. F. Wheeler, C. E. Lunte, H. Zimmer and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Investigations of Immunologically Reactive Procainamide Metabolites,". J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., (1990), 8,.

H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Immunoassay: An Ultrasensitive Method". J. Intl. Fed. Clin. Chem (1990), 2(4),, 179-187.

L. R. Sharpe, W. R. Heineman and R. C. Elder. "EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry,". Chem. Rev, (1990), 90,, 705-722.

S. K. Wheeler, L. A. Coury, Jr. and W. R. Heineman. "Fouling Resistant, Polymer Modified Graphite Electrodes,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1990), 237, 141-148.

H. Emons and W. R. Heineman. "Influence of Bovine Immunoglobulin G on Faradaic Reactions at Electrodes,". Analyst, (1990), 115.

S. H. Jenkins, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "The Use of Ion Pairing Reagents to Reduce Non specific Adsorption in a Solid Phase Electro– chemical Enzyme Immunoassay,". J. Clin. Immunoassay, (1990), 13(2),.

Y. Xu, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Heterogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay for Alpha Fetoprotein in Maternal Serum by Flow Injection Amperometric Detection of 4 Aminophenol,". Clin. Chem., (1990), 36, 1941-1944.

W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Sensors". Denki Kagaku, (1990), 58(12),, 1087-1088.

H. B. Halsall, S. H. Jenkins and W. R. Heineman. "Enzyme Linked Heterogeneous Immunoassays With Electrochemical Detection,". Immunodiagnosis of Cancer (1990), 2, 107-124.

T. Zhou, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "HPLC Determination of Stability Constants for some Labile Complexes of Perrhenate". Proceedings of the III Symposium on Tc and Re in Chemistry and Nuclear Medicine (1990), 22.

S. H. Jenkins, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Eclectic Immunoassay—An Electrochemical Approach". Advances in Biosensors (1991), 1, 171-228.

R. Q. Thompson, G. C. Barone III, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Comparison of Methods for Following Alkaline Phosphatase Catalysis: Spectrophotometric versus Amperometric Detection,". Anal. Biochem., (1991), 192, 90-95.

K. Hajizadeh, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Gamma Irradiation Immobilization of Lactate Oxidase in Poly(vinyl alcohol) on Platinized Graphite Electrodes". Anal. Chim. Acta (1991), 243, 23-32.

K. Hajizadeh, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Immobilization of Lactate Oxidase in a Poly(vinyl alcohol) Matrix on Platinized Graphite Electrodes by Chemical Crosslinking with Isocyanate,". Talanta (1991), 38, 37-47.

H. T. Tang, K. Hajizadeh, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Flow Injection Analysis with Electrochemical Detection of Reduced Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Using 2,6 Dichloroindophenol as a Redox Coupling Agent". Anal. Biochem (1991), 192, 243-250.

H. T. Tang, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay for Phenytoin by Flow Injection Analysis Incorporating a Redox Coupling Agent". Clin. Chem (1991), 37, 245-248.

H. B. Halsall, Y. Xu and W. R. Heineman. "Enzyme Immunoassays Using Flow Injection Analysis with Electrochemical Detection". Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) Based on Enzymes or Antibodies, (1991), 17, 169-179.

J. F. Wheeler, L. E. Adams, A. B. Mongey, S. M. Roberts, W. R. Heineman and E. V. Hess. "Determination of Metabolically Derived Nitroprocainamide in the Urine of Procainamide Dosed Humans and Rats by Liquid Chromatography with Electrochemical Detection,". Drug Metab. Dispos., (1991), 19,, 691-695.

K. Hajizadeh, H. T. Tang, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "(206) Chemical Cross Linking of a Redox Mediator Thionin for Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Reduced Beta Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide,". Anal. Lett., (1991), 24,, 1453-1469.

D. H. Igo, R. C. Elder and W. R. Heineman. "EXAFS Solid State Spectroelectrochemistry: Effects of Supporting Electrolyte on the Electro– chemical and Structural Behavior of Cu(bcp s)2+,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (1991), 314, 45-57.

E. W. Kristensen, D. H. Igo, R. C. Elder and W. R. Heineman. "Non Ideal Behavior of Nernstian Plots from Spectroelectrochemistry Experiments,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (1991), 309, 61-72.

G. C. Barone III, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemistry of Azidothymidine,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1991), 248,, 399-407.

R. S. Tieman, D. H. Igo, W. R. Heineman, J. Johnson and R. Seguin. "Fabrication and Characterization of a Platinum/Ceramic Electrochemical Sensor,". Sens. Actuators, (1991), 5,, 121-127.

D. H. Igo, R. C. Elder, W. R. Heineman and H. D. Dewald. "Bulk Electrolysis Flow Cell System for UV Visible and X ray Absorption Spectroelectrochemical Analysis,". Anal. Chem., (1991), 63, 2535-2539.

G. C. Barone III, A. J. Pesce, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Determination of Azidothymidine in Human Whole Blood,". Anal. Biochem., (1991), 198,, 6-9.

T. Imato, H. J. Johnson, G. P. Kreishman and W. R. Heineman. "Evaluation of Transport Parameters of Gamma Irradiated Poly(N vinylpyrrolidone) Membrane for Catechol Sensor,". Analyt. Sci., (1991), 7,, 595-598.

R. S. Tieman, K. L. Rauen, W. R. Heineman and E. W. Huber. "Characterization of Poly(dimethyldiallylammonium Chloride) and Its Application to Electrochemical Sensors, ". Chemical Sensor Technology, (1992), 4, 125-143.

Y. Xu, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Blank Response at Glassy Carbon Electrodes in a Flow Injection System,". Electroanalysis, (1992), 4,, 33-40.

R. S. Tieman, W. R. Heineman, J. Johnson and R. Seguin. "Oxygen Sensors Based on the Ionically Conductive Polymer Poly(dimethyldiallylammonium) Chloride,". Sens. Actuators, B, (1992), 8,, 199-204.

R. S. Tieman and W. R. Heineman. "Solid State Electrochemical Oxygen Sensor,". Anal. Lett., (1992), 25(5),, 807-819.

T. Konno, M. J. Heeg, J. A. Stuckey, J. R. Kirchhoff, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Thiolato Technetium Complexes. 5. Synthesis, Characterization, and Electrochemical Properties of Bis(o phenylenebis(dimethylarsine)) Technetium(II) and Technetium(III) Complexes with Thiolato Ligands. Single Crystal Structural Analyses of trans [Tc(SCH3)2(DIARS)2]PF6 and trans [Tc (SC6H5)2(DIARS)2]0,". Inorg. Chem., (1991), 31,, 1173-1181.

C. J. Seliskar, M. L. Jeng, D. A. Landis, B. H. Swaile, E. A. Blubaugh, W. R. Heineman and E. A. Deutsch. "A Miniature Fiber Optic Absorbance Sensor for 99mTc Imaging Agents,". Proceedings, Biosensors 92: The Second World Congress on Biosensors, (1992), 484-491.

Y. Xu, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection,". Immunochemical Assays and Biosensor Technology for the 1990s, (1992), 291-309.

G. P. Kreishman, H. J. Johnson, T. Imato and W. R. Heineman. "NMR Studies of the Interaction of Catechol and Ascorbic Acid with Poly(N-Vinylpyrrolidone) Polymer". Charge and Field Effects in Biosystems-3, (1992), 433-437.

T. Konno, J. R. Kirchhoff, M. J. Heeg, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Thiolato–Technetium Complexes. Part 6. Synthesis, Characterization, Electrochemical Properties and Crystal Structure of [Tc(tdt)(dmpe)2]PF6 [tdt=toluene–3,4–dithiolate, dmpe=1,2–bis(dimethyl-phosphino)ethane],". J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. (1992), 1992, 3069–3075.

R. Q. Thompson, M. Porter, C. Stuver, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, E. Buckley and M. R. Smyth. "Zeptomole Detection Limit for Alkaline Phosphatase Using 4 Aminophenylphosphate, Ampero– metric Detection, and an Optimal Buffer System,". Anal. Chim. Acta (1993), 271, 223-229.

T. Konno, R. Seeber, J. R. Kirchhoff, W. R. Heineman, E. Deutsch and M. J. Heeg. "Thiolato–Technetium Complexes. 4: Synthesis, Characterization and Electrochemical Properties of bis(1,2–bis(dimethylphosphino)–ethane)technetium(III) Complexes with Arene–Thiolato Ligands,". Transition Met. Chem., (1993), 18,, 209–17.

T. Imato, H. Morioka and W. R. Heineman. "Catechol Sensor Based on Ascorbate Oxidase Immobilized Polymer–Modified Graphite Electrode,". Sens. Actuators, B, (1993), 13–14, 68–72.

O. Niwa, Y. Xu, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Small–Volume Voltammetric Detection of 4–Aminophenol with Interdigitated Array Electrodes and Its Application to Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay,". Anal. Chem., (1993), 65,, 1559–1563.

H. Yao, S. H. Jenkins, A. J. Pesce, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Homogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay of Theophylline in Hemolyzed, Icteric, and Lipemic Samples,". Clin. Chem., (1993), 39,, 1432–1434.

S. D. Jackson, H. B. Halsall, A. J. Pesce and W. R. Heineman. "Determination of Serum Alkaline Phosphatase Activity by Electrochemical Detection with Flow Injection Analysis,". Fresenius’ J. Anal. Chem., (1993), 346,, 859–862.

K.-I. Okamoto, B. Chen, J. R. Kirchhoff, D. M. Ho, R. C. Elder, W. R.Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Preparation, Characterization and Electrochemical Properties of Technetium(II) Complexes with 1,2–bis(diethylphosphino)ethane(DEPE) and Dithiocarbamate Ligands. Single–Crystal Structural Analysis of [Tc(CH3)2NCS2(DEPE)2](PF6),". Polyhedron, (1993), 12,, 1559–68.

K.-I Okamoto, J. R. Kirchhoff, W. R. Heineman, E. Deutsch. "Preparation, Characterization, Electrochemical Properties and Single–Crystal Structural Analysis of [Tc(SCP)2(DMPE)2](PF6)3, Where SCP is the Zwitter–Ionic Ligand –SCH2P+(CH3)2(CH2)2P(S) (CH3)2 and DMPE is 1,2–bis(Dimethylphosphino)ethane,". Polyhedron, (1993), 12,, 749–757.

W. R. Heineman. "Biosensors Based on Polymer Networks Formed by Gamma Irradiation Crosslinking,". Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., (1993), 41,, 87–97.

E. A. Blubaugh, B. H. Swaile, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar and E. Deutsch. "Electrochemical Sensors for Radiopharmaceutical Imaging Agents: Nafion Gel Modified Electrodes,". Proceedings of the Symposium on Chemical Sensors II, (1993), 124–127.

A. L. Wilson, H. Emons, W. R. Heineman, W. L. Pickens and S. B. Hoath. "Electrochemical Determination of Oxygen Permeability of Isolated Stratum Corneum Membranes,". Electroanalysis, (1993), 5,, 641–645.

K. L. Rauen, D. A. Smith, W. R. Heineman, J. Johnson, R. Seguin and P. Stoughton. "Humidity Sensor Based on Conductivity Measurements of a Poly(dimethyldiallylammonium chloride) Polymer Film,". Sens. Actuators, B (1993), 17,, 61–68.

W. R. Heineman, B. H. Swaile, E. A. Blubaugh, D. A. Landis, C. J. Seliskar and E. Deutsch. "Chemical Sensors for Radiopharmaceuticals,". Proceedings of the Topical Symposium on the Behavior and Utilization of Technetium, (1993), 63,, 199–203.

R. C. Elder, L. R. Sharpe, D. H. Igo, R. O. Rigney and W. R. Heineman. "EXAFS Studies of Film Coated Electrodes,". Synchrotron Techniques in Interfacial Electrochemistry, (1994), 335-348.

N. Kaneki, Y. Xu, A. Kumari, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay Using Sequential Saturation Technique in a 20-µl Capillary: Digoxin as a Model Analyte,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1994), 287,, 253-258.

F. J. Hayes, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Simultaneous Immunoassay Using Electrochemical Detection of Metal Ion Labels,". Anal. Chem., (1994), 66,, 1860-1865.

G. Wittstock, H. Emons, M. Kummer, J. R. Kirchhoff and W. R. Heineman. "Application of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy for the Characterization of Carbon-Spray Modified Electrodes,". Fresenius’ J. Anal. Chem., (1994), 348,, 712-718.

B. L. Ramos, E. A. Blubaugh, T. H. Ridgway and W. R. Heineman. "?-Irradiation-Induced Grafting of Poly(styrenesulfonate) to Poly(tetrafluoroethylene) Shielded Microelectrodes,". Anal. Chem., (1994), 66,, 1931-1935.

D. A. Landis, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "Fiber-Optic-Graded-Index-Lens Absorbance Sensor with Wavelength-Scanning Capability,". Appl. Opt., (1994), 33,, 3432-3439.

G. Wittstock, H. Emons, T. H. Ridgway, E. A. Blubaugh and W. R. Heineman. "Development and Experimental Evaluation of a Simple System for Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1994), 298,, 285-302.

C. J. Seliskar, D. A. Landis, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Sensitive Absorbance Measurements of 99mTc Imaging Agents Using a New Fiber Optic Sensor,". Proc. SPIE-Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. (1994), 2136,, 335-343.

H. Yao, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman and S. H. Jenkins. "Electrochemical Dehydrogenase-Based Homogeneous Assays in Whole Blood,". Clin. Chem., (1995), 41,, 591-598.

T. Jiang, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, T. Giersch and B. Hock. "Capillary Enzyme Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection for the Determination of Atrazine in Water,". J. Agric. Food Chem., (1995), 43,, 1098-1104.

G. Wittstock, K. Yu, H. B. Halsall, T. H. Ridgway and W. R. Heineman. "Imaging of Immobilized Antibody Layers with Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,". Anal. Chem., (1995), 67,, 3578-3582.

J. Kirchhoff, J. F. Wheeler, C. L. Lunte, S. H. Jenkins and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemistry: Principles and Measurements". Clinical Chemistry: Theory, Analysis and Correlation, (1996), 3, 277-291.

G. Wittstock, H. Emons and W. R. Heineman. "Electron Transfer Through an Immunoglobulin Layer via an Immobilized Redox Mediator,". Electroanalysis, (1996), 8,, 144-146.

C. G. Bauer, A. V. Eremenko, E. Ehrentreich-Forster, F. F. Bier, A. Makower, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman and F. W. Scheller. "(249) Zeptomole-Detecting Biosensor for Alkaline Phosphatase in an Electrochemical Immunoassay for 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid,". Anal. Chem., (1996), 68,, 2453-2458.

E. Hofer, E. Steckhan, B. Ramos and W. R. Heineman. "Polymer-modified Electrodes with Pendant [RhIII(C5Me5)(L)Cl]+ -complexes Formed by irradiation Cross-linking,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (1996), 402,, 115-122.

P. T. Kissinger, C. R. Preddy, R. E. Shoup and W. R. Heineman. "Fundamental Concepts of Analytical Electrochemistry, in Laboratory Techniques ". Electroanalytical Chemistry, (1996), 2,, 11-51.

W. R. Heineman and P. T. Kissinger. "Large-Amplitude Controlled-Potential Techniques,". Laboratory Techniques in Electroanalytical Chemistry, (1996), 2,, 51-125.

W. R. Heineman and P. T. Kissinger. "Large-Amplitude Controlled-Current Techniques,". Laboratory Techniques in Electroanalytical Chemistry, (1996), 2,, 127-139.

M. A. Cousino, W. R. Heineman and H. B. Halsall. "Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits, in Reviews on Analytical Chemistry, Euroanalysis IX, (F. Palmisano, L. Sabbatini, P. G. Zambonin, Eds.),". Annali di Chimica, (1997), 87,, 93-101.

M. D. Petit-Dominguez, H. Shen, W. R. Heineman and C. J. Seliskar. "Electrochemical Behavior of Graphite Electrodes Modified by Spin-Coating with Sol-Gel Entrapped Ionomers,". Anal. Chem., (1997), 69(4),, 703-710.

G. Hilt, T. Jarbawi, W. R. Heineman and E. Steckhan. "An Analytical Study of the Redox Behavior of 1,10-Phenanthroline-5,6-dione, Its Transition Metal Complexes, and Its N-monomethylated Derivative with Regard to Their Efficiency as Mediators of NAD(P)+ Regeneration,". Chem. Eur. J., (1997), 3(1), 79-88.

J. R. Kirchhoff, M. R. Allen, B. V. Cheesman, K. Okamoto, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch. "Electrochemistry and Spectroelectrochemistry of [Re(1,2-bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane)3]+,". Inorg. Chim. Acta, (1997), 262,, 195-202.

E. Rohde, A. C. McManus, C. Vogt and W. R. Heineman. "Separation and Comparison of Fountain Pen Inks by Capillary Zone Electrophoresis,". J. Forensic Sci., (1997), 42(6),, 1004-1011.

H. Shen, J. E. Mark, C. J. Seliskar, H. B. Mark, Jr. and W. R. Heineman. "Blocking Behavior of Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold Electrodes,". J. Solid State Electrochem., (1997), 1,, 148-154.

M. T. Lee, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman and A. J. McGoron. "Microelectrode Sensors for In Vivo Detection of Radiopharmaceuticals,". J. Am. Chem. Soc., (1997), 119,, 6434-6435.

A. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway and W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device,". Proceedings of the Symposium on Chemical and Biological Sensors and Analytical Electrochemical Methods, (1997), 97-19,, 50-60.

Y. Shi, A. F. Slaterbeck, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 1. Demonstration of Concept with Ferricyanide,". Anal. Chem., (1997), 69,, 3679-3686.

M. A. Cousino, T. B. Jarbawi, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Pushing Down the Limits of Detection: Molecular Needles in a Haystack,". Anal. Chem., (1997), 69,, 544A-549A.

Y. Deng, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Behavior of [Re1(DMPE)3]+, Where DMPE = 1,2-Bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane, at Perfluorosulfonated Ionomer-Modified Electrodes,". Anal. Chem., (1997), 69,, 4045-4050.

H. Shen, J. E. Mark, C. J. Seliskar, H. B. Mark, Jr. and W. R. Heineman. "(265) Stripping Voltammetry of Copper and Lead Using Gold Electrodes Modified with Self-Assembled Monolayers,". J. Solid State Electrochem., (1997), 1,, 241-247.

Y. Shi, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 2. Demonstration of Selectivity in the Presence of Direct Interferents,". Anal. Chem., (1997), 69(23),, 4819-4827.

Y. Shi, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "Dual Analyte Spectroscopic Sensing in Sol-Gel Derived Polyelectrolyte-Silica Composite Thin Films,". Talanta, (1998), 47,, 1071-1076.

E. Rohde, C. Vogt and W. R. Heineman. "The Analysis of Fountain Pen Inks by Capillary Electrophoresis with Ultraviolet/VIS Absorbance and Laser-Induced Fluorescence Detection,". Electrophoresis, (1998), 19,, 31-41.

G. Wittstock, S. H. Jenkins, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Continuing Challenges for the Immunoassay Field,". Nanobiology, (1998), 4,, 153-162.

Y. Shi, A. F. Slaterbeck, S. Aryal, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, T. H. Ridgway and J. H. Nevin. "New Spectroelectrochemical Sensor,". Proceedings of Micro- and Nanofabricated Devices for Biomedical Environmental Applications, (1998), 3258,, 56-65.

L. Gao, Y. Shi, A. F. Slaterbeck, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "New Chemically-Selective Optical Materials for Waveguide Sensors, ". Proceedings of Micro- and Nanofabricated Devices for Biomedical Environmental Applications, (1998), 3258, 66-74.

J.-W. Choi, Y. Ding, C. Ahn, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "A Microchip Electrochemical Immunosensor Fabricated Using Micromachining Techniques,". Proceedings of IEEE EMB Conference (1998), 2264-2266.

H. Gao, J. Carlson, A. M. Stalcup and W. R. Heineman. "Separation of Aromatic Acids, DOPA and Methyl-DOPA by Capillary Electrophoresis with Dendrimers as Buffer Additives,". J. Chromatogr. Sci., (1998), 36,, 146-154.

M. Situmorang, M. T. B. Lee, K. Witzeman and W. R. Heineman. "Liquid Chromatography with Electrochemical Detection (LC-EC): An Experiment Using 4-Aminophenol,". J. Chem. Ed., (1998), 75,, 1035-1038.

Z. Hu, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "PAN-incorporated Nafion-modified Spectroscopic Graphite Electrodes for Voltammetric Stripping Determination of Lead,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1998), 369,, 93-101.

C. O. Dasenbrock, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "Evaluation of the Electrochemical Characteristics of a Poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(acrylic acid) Polymer Blend,". Electrochim. Acta, (1998), 43(23),, 3497-3502.

B. Barroso-Fernandez, M. T. Lee-Alvarez, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Behavior of Methyl Viologen at Graphite Electrodes Modified with Nafion Sol-Gel Composite,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1998), 370,, 221-230.

B. H. Swaile, E. A. Blubaugh, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "Spectroscopic and Electrochemical Evaluation of a Perfluorosulfonated Ionomer and Its Gel as Preconcentrating Media for [Re1(DMPE3]+, Where DMPE = 1,2-Bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane,". Anal. Chem., (1998), 70(20),, 4326-4332.

G. S. Reeder and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Characterization of a Microfabricated Thick-film Carbon Sensor for Trace Determination of Lead,". Sens. Actuators, B, (1998), 52(1-2),, 58-64.

Z. Hu, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "Voltammetry of [Re(DMPE)3]+ at Ionomer-Entrapped Composite-Modified Electrodes,". Anal. Chem., (1998), 70(24),, 5230-5236.

C. H. Ahn, T. Henderson, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall. "Development of A Generic Microfluidic System for Electrochemical Immunoassay-Based Remote Bio/Chemical Sensors". Proceedings The Micro Total Analysis System (µ-TAS) ’98 Workshop, (1998), 225-230.

H. Gao, T. Jiang, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall and J. L. Caruso. "Capillary Enzyme Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection for Determining Indole-3-Acetic Acid in Tomato Embryos,". Fresenius’ J. Anal. Chem., (1999), 364, 170-174.

J. Zhang, W. R. Heineman and H. B. Halsall. "Capillary Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay (CEEI) for Phenobarbital in Serum,". J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., (1999), 19,, 145-152.

Y. Ding, L. Zhou, H. Brian Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Feasibility Studies of Simultaneous Multianalyte Amperometric Immunoassay Based on Spatial Resolution,". J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., (1999), 19,, 153-161.

C. A. Wijayawardhana, S. Purushothama, M. A. Cousino, H. Brian Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Rotating Disk Electrode Amperometric Detection for a Bead-Based Immunoassay,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (1999), 468,, 2-8.

Z. Hu, A. F. Slaterbeck, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway and W. R. Heineman. "Tailoring Perfluorosulfonated Ionomer-Entrapped Sol-Gel-Derived Silica Nanocomposite for Spectroelectrochemical Sensing of Re(DMPE)3+,". Langmuir, (1999), 15(3),, 767-773.

A. Slaterbeck, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "Spectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Achievable in a Single Device. 3. Effect of Signal Averaging on Limit of Detection,". Anal. Chem., (1999), 71,, 1196-1203.

B. L. Ramos, T. Jarbawi and W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemistry of [ReIII(DIARS)2Cl2]Cl, where DIARS = o-phenylenebis(dimethylarsine), in Aqueous and Aqueous/Ethanol Solvents at Bare and Nafion-Modified Electrodes,". Electroanalysis, (1999), 11,, 320-326.

M. Hofbauer, W. R. Heineman, G. P. Kreishman and E. Steckhan. "Hydrophobic Interaction of Analytes with Permselective Poly(N-vinyl amide) Films on Electrodes,". Anal. Chem., (1999), 71,, 399-406.

L. Gao, C. J. Seliskar and W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 4. Sensing with Poly(vinyl alcohol)-Polyelectrolyte Blend Modified Optically Transparent Electrodes,". Anal. Chem., (1999), 71,, 4061-4068.

C. A. Wijayawardhana, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman. "Micro Volume Rotating Disk Electrode (RDE) Amperometric Detection for a Bead-Based Immunoassay,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (1999), 399,, 3-11.

S. E. Ross, A. F. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, S. Aryal, M. Maizels, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, T. H. Ridgway and J. H. Nevin. "(292) Spectroelectrochemical Sensors - Materials, Incorporation of Planar Waveguide Technologies, and Instrumentation,". Proc. SPIE, (1999), 3537,, 268-279.

S. E. Ross, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Development of New Spectroelectrochemical Waveguide Sensors,". Polym. Prepr. (1999), 40,, 1265-1266.

C. A. Wijayawardhana, G. Wittstock, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Spatially Addressed Deposition and Imaging of Biochemically Active Bead Microstructures by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,". Anal. Chem., (2000), 72,, 333-338.

M. Maizels, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar. "Graphite Electrodes Coated with Poly(dimethyldiallylammonium)chloride Network Films Cross-Linked by Gamma-Irradiation,". Electroanalysis., (2000), 12 (4),, 241-247.

Z. Hu, W. R. Heineman. "Oxidation-State Speciation of [ReI(DMPE)3]+/[ReII(DMPE)3]2+ by Voltammetry with a Chemically Modified Microelectrode,". Anal. Chem., (2000), 72(11),, 2395-2400.

C. A. Wijayawardhana, G. Wittstock, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "(297) Electrochemical Immunoassay with Microscopic Immunomagnetic Bead Domains and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,". Electroanalysis, (2000), 12(9),, 640-644.

J. M. DiVirgilio-Thomas, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar. "(298) Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 6. Sensing with a Mediator,". Anal. Chem., (2000), 72(15),, 3461-3467.

A. F. Slaterbeck, M. L. Stegemiller, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway, W. R. Heineman. "(299) Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 5. Simulation of Sensor Response for Different Excitation Potential Waveforms,". Anal. Chem., (2000), 72(22),, 5567-5575.

S. E. Ross, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 9. Incorporation of Planar Waveguide Technology,". Anal. Chem., (2000), 72(22),, 5549-5555.

M. Maizels, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 7. Sensing of Fe(CN)64-,". Electroanalysis, (2000), 12(17),, 1356-1362.

J.-W. Choi, C. A. Wijayawardhana, N. Okulan, K. W. Oh, A. Han, S. Bhansali, V. Govind, K. T. Schlueter, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, J. H. Nevin, A. J. Helmicki, H. T. Henderson, C. H. Ahn. "Development and Characterization of A Generic Microfluidic Subsystem Toward Portable Biochemical Detection". Proceedings of µ-TAS 2000 (4th Int’l Symposium on Micro Total Analysis Systems), (2000), 327-330.

S. Dharmatilleke, C. A. Wijawardhana, N. Okulan, P. Medis, J. H. Thomas, H. T. Henderson, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall. "A Hybrid Microfluidic Mini System Towards a “Lab-on-a-Chip” for Biochemical Immunoassay,". MEMS, (2000), 2,, 405-411.

S. Dharmatilleke, C. A. Wijawardhana, N. Okulan, P. Medis, J. H. Thomas, H. T. Henderson, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall. "A Mini/Micro Fluidic System Towards a Generic “Lab-on-a-Chip” to Sample and Detect Airborne Biohazards Via a Biochemical Immunoassay,". Proc. IS3M 2000 (International Symposium on Smart Structures and Microsystems), (2000), 42-49.

S. Purushothama, S. Kradtap, H.B. Halsall, W.R. Heineman. "Small Volume Bead Assay for Ovalbumin with Electrochemical Detection.". Analyst, (2001), 126,, 337-341.

J.-W. Choi, K. W. Oh, J. H. Thomas, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, J. H. Nevin, A. J. Helmicki, H. T. Henderson, C. H. Ahn. "An Integrated Microfluidic Biochemical Detection System with Magnetic Bead-Based Sampling and Analysis Capabilities,". The 14th IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, (2001), 447-450.

M. Maizels, M. Stegemiller, S. Ross, A. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, T. H. Ridgway, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan. "(307) Novel Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Ferrocyanide in Hanford Waste Simulant,". Nuclear Site Remediation: First Accomplishments of the Environmental Management Science Program (2001), 364-378.

E. Steckhan, T. Arns, W. R. Heineman, G. Hilt, D. Hoormann, J. Jorissen, L. Kroner, B. Lewall, H. Putter. "Environmental Protection and Economization of Resources by Electroorganic and Electroenzymatic Syntheses,". Chemosphere, (2001), 43,, 63-73.

L. Gao, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "(309) Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 8. Selectivity at Poly(vinyl alcohol)-Polyelectrolyte Blend Modified Optically Transparent Electrodes,". Electroanalysis, (2001), 13,, 613-620.

S. E. Ross, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, S. Aryol, J. H. Nevin. "(310) Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 12. Characterization of a Channel Waveguide Sensor,". Chemical and Biological Sensors and Analytical Methods II, (2001), 18,, 499-510.

D. E. Starkey, A. Han, J. J. Bao, C. H. Ahn, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. C. Prenger, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Fluorogenic Assay for ?-glucuronidase Using Microchip-based Capillary Electrophoresis,". J. Chromatogr.B, (2001), 762,, 33-41.

S. Kradtap, C.A. Wijayawardhana, K.T. Schlueter, H.B. Halsall, W.R. Heineman. "(312) “Bugbead”: an Artificial Microorganism Model Used as a Harmless Simulant for Pathogenic Microorganisms,". Anal. Chim. Acta, (2001), 444,, 13-26.

C. A. Wijayawardhana, N. J. Ronkainen-Matsuno, S. M. Farrell, G. Wittstock, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Microspot Enzyme Assays with Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,". Anal. Sciences, (2001), 17, 535-538.

W. R. Heineman, J. H. Thomas, A. Wijayawardhana, H. B. Halsall, T.H. Ridgway, J.-W. Choi, K. W. Oh, C. Ahn, S. Dharmatilleke, P. Medis, T. H. Henderson. "BioMEMS: Electrochemical Immunoassay with Microfluidic Systems,". Anal. Sciences, (2001), 17, 281-284.

J-W. Choi, K. W. Oh, A. Han, N. Okulan, C. A. Wijayawardhana, C. Lannes, S. Bhansali, K. T. Schlueter, W. R. Heineman, H. Brian Halsall, J. H. Nevin, A. J. Helmicki, H. T. Henderson, C. H. Ahn. "Development and Characterization of Microfluidic Devices and Systems for Magnetic Bead-Based Biochemical Detection,". Biomedical Microdevices, (2001), 3(3),, 191-200.

J-W. Choi, K. Oh, J. H. Thomas, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, J. H. Nevin, A. J. Helmicki, H. T. Henderson, C. H. Ahn. "An Integrated Microfluidic Biochemical Detection System for Protein Analysis with Magnetic Bead-based Sampling Capabilities,". Lab Chip, (2002), 2,, 27-30.

C. A. Wijayawardhana, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Milestones of Electrochemical Immunoassay at Cincinnati,". Electroanalytical Methods for Biological Materials (2002), 329-365.

C. A. Wijayawardhana, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Immunoassay". Encyclopedia of Electrochemistry (2002), 9:Bioelectrochemistry,, 145-174.

J. N. Richardson, A. L. Dyer, M. L. Stegemiller, I. Zudans, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 13. Detection of Aqueous Iron by In Situ Complexation with 2,2’-Bipyridine,". Anal. Chem. (2002), 74(14),, 3330-3335.

N. J. Ronkainen-Matsuno, J. H. Thomas, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Immunoassay Moving into the Fast Lane,". Trends Anal. Chem., (2002), 21(4),, 213-225.

M. Maizels, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan. "(321) Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 10. Sensing of Ferrocyanide in Hanford Tank Waste Simulant Solution,". Electroanalysis, (2002), 14(19-20),, 1345-1352.

R. Trichur, S. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. A. Abdelaziez, D. E. Starkey, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, C. H. Ahn. "A New Plastic CE Chip with Wide Optical Clarity using Cyclic Olefin Copolymers (COC),". Micro Total Analysis Systems 2002, Proceedings of the µ-TAS 2002 Symposium, 6th, Nara, Japan, (2002), 1, 560-562.

C. A. Wijayawardhana, W. R. Heineman, Marcel Dekker. "Electrochemical Biosensors". Biomedical Diagnostic Science and Technology, (2002).

D. E. Starkey, Y. Abdelaziez, C. H. Ahn, J. Tu, L. Anderson, K. R. Wehmeyer, N. J. Izzo, A. N. Carr, K. G. Peters, J. J. Bao, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "(324) Determination of Endogenous Extracellular Signal-Regulated Protein Kinase by Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis,". Anal. Biochem., (2003), 316(2),, 181-191.

W. R. Heineman, J. R. Kirchhoff, J. F. Wheeler, C. E. Lunte, S. H. Jenkins. "Electrochemistry: Principles and Measurements,". Clinical Chemistry: Theory, Analysis, Correlation (2003), 4, 272-286.

M. L. Stegemiller, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway, S. A. Bryan, T. Hubler, R. L. Sell. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 11. Design and Evaluation of a Small Portable Sensor for the Determination of Ferrocyanide in Hanford Waste Samples,". Environ. Sci. & Technol., (2003), 37,, 123-130.

I. Zudans, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "(327) In Situ Measurements of Sensor Film Dynamics by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry. Demonstration of Back-side Measurements and the Etching of Indium Tin Oxide,". Thin Solid Films, (2003), 426,, 238-245.

A. T. Maghasi, K. T. Schlueter, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, H. L. R. Rilo. "Development and Characterization of Simulant Pancreatic Islets, ". Anal. Biochem., (2003), 314,, 38-45.

J. H. Thomas, N. J. Ronkainen-Matsuno, S. Farrell, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Microdrop Analysis of a Bead-Based Immunoassay,". Microchem. J. (2003), 74, 267-276.

W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, J. N. Richardson. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device: An Overview,". Aust. J. Chem., (2003), 56,, 93-102.

S. E. Ross, Y. Shi, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing: Planar Waveguides,". Electrochim. Acta, (2003), 48, 3313-3323.

T. Shtoyko, A. T. Maghasi, J. N. Richardson, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Attenuated Total Internal Reflectance Stripping Voltammetry. 1. Determination of Lead and Cadmium,". Anal. Chem., (2003), 75,, 4585-4590.

D. J. Monk, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 15. Development of Portable Spectroelectrochemical Instrumentation,". Electroanalysis, (2003), 15,, 1198-1203.

N. Kaval, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "(334) Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 16. Sensing by Fluorescence,". Anal Chem., (2003), 75,, 6334-6340.

S. K. Kim, J. H. Thomas, P. J. Hesketh, C. Li, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Comb Interdigitated Arrays (IDA) Electrodes for More Rapid and Sensitive Bead-Based Immunoassay,". Proceedings IEE Sixteenth Annual International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (2003), 435-438.

W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, J. N. Richardson. "(336) Development and Application of Novel Thin-Film Spectroelectrochemical Sensors Possessing Three Modes of Selectivity,". Russian Journal of Electrochemistry (2003), 39,, 884-893.

J. N. Richardson, Z. Aguilar, N. Kaval, S. E. Andria, T. Shtoyko, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Optical and Electrochemical Evaluation of Colloidal Au Nanoparticle-ITO Hybrid Optically Transparent Electrodes and Their Application to Attenuated Total Reflectance Spectroelectrochemistry,". Electrochim. Acta, (2003), 48,, 4291-4299.

A. T. Maghasi, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, H. L. R. Rilo. "Detection of Secretion from Pancreatic Islets Using Chemically Modified Electrodes,". Anal. Biochem., (2004), 326,, 183-189.

I. Zudans, J. R. Paddock, H. Kuramitz, A. T. Maghasi, C. M. Wansapura, S. D. Conklin, N. Kaval, T. Shtoyko, D. J. Monk, S. A. Bryan, T. L. Hubler, J. N. Richardson, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical and Optical Evaluation of Noble Metal- and Carbon ITO Hybrid Optically Transparent Electrodes,". J. Electroanal. Chem., (2004), 565,, 311-320.

J. H. Thomas, S. K. Kim, P. J. Hesketh, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Microbead-based Electrochemical Immunoassay with Interdigitated Array Electrodes,". Anal. Biochem, (2004), 328,, 113-122.

J. H. Thomas, J. M. Drake, J. R. Paddock, S. Conklin, J. Johnson, C. J. Seliskar, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Characterization of ABTS at a Polymer-modified Electrode,". Electroanalysis, (2004), 16,, 547-555.

J. R. Paddock, I. Zudans, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar. "Further Investigations on a Poly(vinyl alcohol)-Polyelectrolyte Chemically-Selective Optical Film,". Appl. Spectr., (2004), 58,, 608-612.

J. H. Thomas, S. K. Kim, P. J. Hesketh, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Bead-based Electrochemical Immunoassay for Bacteriophage MS2,". Anal. Chem., (2004), 76,, 2700-2707.

I. Zudans, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar. "In situ Measurements of Chemical Sensor Film Dynamics by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry. Three Case Studies,". Thin Solid Films, (2004), 455-456,, 710-715.

A. T. Maghasi, S. Conklin, T. Shtoyko, A. Piruska, J. N. Richardson, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Attenuated Total Internal Reflectance Stripping Voltammetry. 2. Determination of Mercury and Lead,". Anal. Chem., (2004), 76,, 1458-1465.

T. Shtoyko, S. Conklin, A. T. Maghasi, A. Piruska, J. N. Richardson, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Attenuated Total Internal Reflectance Stripping Voltammetry. 3. Determination of Cadmium and Copper,". Anal. Chem., (2004), 76,, 1466-1473.

S. E. Andria, J. N. Richardson, N. Kaval, I. Zudans, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 17. Improvement in Detection Limits Using Ultrathin Nafion Films in Conjunction with a Continuous Sample Flow,". Anal. Chem., (2004), 76,, 3139-3144.

I. Zudans, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar. "In Situ Measurements of Chemical Sensor Film Dynamics by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry. Partitioning of a Chromophore,". Phys. Chem. B. 108, (2004), 11521-11528.

I. Zudans, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar. "In Situ Dynamic Measurements of Sol-gel Processed Thin Chemically-Selective PDMDAAC-Silica Films by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry,". Chem. Mat., (2004), 16,, 3339-3347.

S. Farrell, N. J. Ronkainen-Matsuno, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Bead-based Immunoassays with Microelectrode Detection,". Anal. Bioanal. Chem., (2004), 379,, 358-367.

A. Bott, W. R. Heineman. "Chronocoulometry,". Current Separations, (2004), 20,, 121-126.

T. Shtoyko, I. Zudans, J. N. Richardson, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "(352) An Attenuated Total Reflectance Sensor for Copper: An Experiment for Analytical or Physical Chemistry,". J. Chem. Ed., (2004), 81,, 1617-1619.

S. K. Kim, P. J. Hesketh, C. Li, J. H. Thomas, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Fabrication of COMB Interdigitated Electrodes Arrays (IDA) for a Microbead-Based Electrochemical Assay System,". Biosens. & Bioelectron., (2004), 20,, 887-894.

W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemistry at Optically Transparent Electrodes: An Historical Perspective,". Historical Perspectives on the Evolution of Electrochemical Tools (2004), 73-102.

I. Nikcevic, A. Bange, E. T. K. Peterson, I. Papautsky, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar. "Imaging Fluorescently Labeled Microbeads on Polymer Surfaces Using Epifluorescence Microscopy,". Nauka Tehnika Bezbednost (2004), 2,, 35-40.

S. Farrell, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Bacillus globigii Bugbeads: A Model Simulant of a Bacterial Spore,". Anal. Chem., (2005), 77,, 549-555.

A. Bange, D. K. Wong, C. J. Seliskar, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Microscale Immunosensors for Biological Agents,". Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems III (2005), 5718,, 142-150.

I. Nikcevic, A. Bange, E. T. Peterson, I. Papautsky, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar. "Adsorption of Fluorescently Labeled Microbeads on PDMS Surfaces,". Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems III (2005), 5718, 159-167.

C. Zhou, Y. Jin, J. Kenseth, M. Stella, K. R. Wehmeyer, W. R. Heineman. "Rapid pKa Determinations using Vacuum-Assisted Multiplexed Capillary Electrophoresis (VAMCE) with Ultraviolet Detection,". J. Pharm. Sci., (2005), 94,, 576-589.

S. Farrell, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Immunoassay for B. globigii spores as a model for detecting B. anthracis spores in finished water,". Analyst, (2005), 130,, 489-497.

A. Piruska, I. Zudans, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar. "Investigations of the Optical Properties of Thin, Highly Absorbing Films under Attenuated Total Reflection Conditions. Leaky Waveguide Mode Distortions,". Talanta, (2005), 65,, 1110-1119.

A. Bange, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Microfluidic Immunosensor Systems,". Biosens. & Bioelectron., (2005), 20,, 2488-2503.

D. J. Monk, M. L. Stegemiller, S. Conklin, J. R. Paddock, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway, S. A. Bryan, T. L. Hubler. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Technetium: Preconcentration and Quantification of Pertechnetate in Polymer-Modified Electrodes,". ACS Symposium Series 904 Subsurface Contamination Remediation: Accomplishments of the Environmental Management Science Program, (2005), 306-321.

J. Tu, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, P. A. Limbach, F. Arias, K. R. Wehmeyer, W. R. Heineman. "Estimation of log Pow Values for Neutral and Basic Compounds by Microchip Microemulsion Electrokinetic Chromatography with Indirect Fluorometric Detection (?MEEKC-IFD),". J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., (2005), 38,, 1-7.

T. Shtoyko, J. N. Richardson, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 14. Enhancing Sensitivity of a Metal Complex Ion by Ligand Exchange,". Electrochimica Acta, (2005), 50,, 3191-3199.

I. H. Boyaci, Z. P. Aguilar, M. Hossain, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Amperometric Determination of Live Escherichia coli Using Antibody-coated Paramagnetic Beads,". Anal. Bioanal. Chem., (2005), 382,, 1234-1241.

S. D. Conklin, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 18. Preparation and Characterization of Cross-linked Quaternized Poly(4-vinylpyridinium) Films,". Electroanalysis, (2005), 17,, 1433-1440.

N. Pantelic, C. M. Wansapura, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar. "Dynamic In Situ Spectroscopic Ellipsometry of the Reaction of Aqueous Iron(II) with 2,2’-Bipyridine in a Thin Nafion Film,". J. Phys. Chem. B., (2005), 109,, 13971-13979.

J. R. Paddock, A. T. Maghasi, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar. "Making and Using a Sensing Polymeric Material for Cu2+: An Introduction to Polymers and Chemical Sensing,". J. Chem. Ed., (2005), 82,, 1370-1371.

C. A. Currie, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, P. A. Limbach, F. Arias, K. R. Wehmeyer. "Estimation of pKa Values Using Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis and Indirect Fluorescence Detection,". J. Chromatog. B., (2005), 824,, 201-205.

A. S. Del Negro, Z. Wang, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, B. P. Sullivan, S. E. Hightower, T. L. Hubler, S. A. Bryan. "Luminescence from the trans-Dioxotechnetium(V) Chromophore,". J.Am. Chem. Soc., (2005), 127,, 14978-14979.

A. Piruska, I. Nikcevic, S. H. Lee, C. Ahn, W. R. Heineman, P. A. Limbach, C. J. Seliskar. "The Autofluorescence of Plastic Materials and Chips Measured under Laser Irradiation,". Lab Chip (2005), 5, 1348-1354.

W. R. Heineman, W. B. Jensen. "Leland C. Clark, Jr. (1918-2005),". Biosen. Bioelectron., (2006), 21,, 1403-1404.

J. S. Mecomber, A. M. Stalcup, D. Hurd, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, K. R. Wehmeyer, P. A. Limbach. "Analytical Performance of Polymer-Based Microfluidic Devices Fabricated by Computer Numerical Controlled Machining,". Anal. Chem., (2006), 78,, 936-941.

W. R. Heineman. "Vision. Electrochemical Sensors,". Electrochemistry (Tokyo, Japan), (2006), 74(2),, 105.

H. Kuramitz, M. Dziewatkoski, B. Barnett, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Application of an Automated Fluidic System using Electrochemical Bead-based Immunoassay to Detect the Bacteriophage MS2 and Ovalbumin,". Anal. Chim. Acta (2006), 561,, 69-77.

M. Gong, K. R. Wehmeyer, P. A. Limbach, F. Arias, W. R. Heineman. "On-line Sample Preconcentration Using Field-amplified Stacking Injection in Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis,". Anal. Chem. (2006), 78,, 3730-3737.

M. Gong, K. R. Wehmeyer, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman. "On-line Sample Preconcentration by Sweeping with Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide in Capillary Zone Electrophoresis,". J. Chromat. A. (2006), 1125,, 263-269.

M. Gong, K. R. Wehmeyer, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman. "Unlimited-Volume Electrokinetic Stacking Injection in Sweeping Capillary Electrophoresis by Using a Cationic Surfactant,". Anal. Chem. (2006), 78,, 6035-6042.

W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, L. K. Morris, S. E. Andria, C. Wansapura, T. Shtoyko. "Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry: Detection of Metal Ions,". Chemical Sensors 7 –and- MEMS/NEMS 7 (2006), 3 (10), 5-12.

A.S. Del Negro, C.J. Seliskar, W.R. Heineman, S.E. Hightower, S.A. Bryan, B.P. Sullivan. "Highly Oxidizing Excited States of Re and Tc Complexes,". J. Am. Chem (2006), Soc. 128, 16494-16495.

Y-H. Yun, V. Shanov, M. J. Schulz, Z. Dong, A. Jazieh, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, D. K. Y. Wong, A. Bange, Y. Tu, S. Subramaniam. "High Sensitivity Carbon Nanotube Tower Electrodes,". Sens. Actuators (2006), B 120,, 298-304.

Y-H. Yun, A. Bange, V. N. Shanov, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, S. K. Pixley, M. Behbehani, Z. Dong. Y. Tu, S. Yarmolenko, S. Neralla, M. J. Schulz. "Carbon Nanotube Array Smart Materials,". Proc. of SPIE: Smart Electronics, MEMS, BioMEMS, and Nanotechnology, (2006), 6172,, 1-12.

A. Bange, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Y-H. Yun, M. J. Schulz, V. Shanov. "Carbon Nanotube Array Immunosensor Development,". IEEE Nano ’06, (2006), 2,, 766-769.

Y-H. Yun, R. Gollapudi, V. Shanov, M. J. Schulz, Z. Dong, A. Jazieh, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, D.K.Y. Wong, A. Bange, Y. Tu, S. Subramaniam. "Carbon Nanotubes Grown on Stainless Steel to Form Plate and Probe Electrodes for Chemical/Biological Sensing,". J Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (2007), 7,, 891-897.

N. J. Ronkainen-Matsuno, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Electroanalytical Immunoassays and Immunosensors,". Immunoassay and Other Bioanalytical Techniques (J.M. Van Emon, Ed.) CRC Press, Boca Raton, (2007), 385-402.

S. D. Conklin, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar. "Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 19. Preparation and Characterization of Films of Quaternized Poly(4-vinylpyridine)-silica,". Electroanalysis (2007), 19,, 523-529.

M. Gong, K. R. Wehmeyer, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman. "Frontal Analysis in Microchip CE: A Simple and Accurate Method for Determination of Protein-DNA Dissociation Constant,". Electrophoresis (2007), 28,, 837-842.

Y-H. Yun, A. Bange, W.R. Heineman, H.B. Halsall, V.N. Shanov, Z. Dong, S. Pixley, M. Behbehani, A. Jazieh, Y. Tu, D.K.Y. Wong, A. Bhattacharya, M. J. Schulz. "A Nanotube Array Immunosensor for Direct Electrochemical Detection of Antigen-Antibody Binding,". Sens Actuators B (2007), 123,, 177-182.

R. E. Barlag, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Cyclic Voltammetry in a Perfluorocarbon Emulsion Blood Substitute,". Electroanalysis (2007), 19,, 1139-1144.

Y-H. Yun, Z. Dong, V. N. Shanov, A. Bange, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, L. Conforti, A. Bhattacharya, M. J. Schulz. "On-line Carbon Nanotube-Based Biosensors in Microfluidic Channels,". Proc. of SPIE: Nanosensors, Microsensors, and Biosensors and Systems 2007, (2007), 6528,, 1-10.

Y-H. Yun, A. Bange, V. N. Shanov, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, Z. Dong, A. Jazieh, Y. Tu, D.K. Wong, S. K. Pixley, M. Behbehani, M. J. Schulz. "A Carbon Nanotube Needle Biosensor,". J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol (2007), 7, 2293-2300.

J. S. Shim, I. Nikcevic, M. J. Rust, A. A. S. Bhagat, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, C. H. Ahn, I. Papautsky. "Simple Passive Micromixer Using Recombinant Multiple Flow Streams,". Proc. of SPIE: Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems V, (2007), 6465,, 1-8.

I. Nikcevic, S. H. Lee, A. Piruska, C. H. Ahn, T. H. Ridgway, P. A. Limbach, K. R. Wehmeyer, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar. "Characterization and Performance of Injection Molded poly(methylmethacrylate) Microchips for Capillary Electrophoresis,". J. Chromat. A, (2007), 1154,, 444-453.

M. Gong, K. R. Wehmeyer, A. M. Stalcup, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman. "Study of Injection Bias in a Simple Hydrodynamic Injection in Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis,". Electrophoresis., (2007), 28,, 1564-1571.

M. Gong, K. R. Wehmeyer, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman. "Flow Manipulation for Sweeping with a Cationic Surfactant in Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis," J. Chromat. A, (2007), 1167, 217-224.

A. Bange, J. Tu, Xiaoshan, C. Ahn, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman. "Electrochemical Detection of MS2 Phage using a Bead-Based Immunoassay with NanoIDA,". Electroanalysis, (2007), 19, 2202-2207.

W. R. Heineman, R. N. Zare, Ed. P. A. Mabrouk. "Collaborative Research: The Good, the Bad, and the Beautiful,". ACS Symp.Series 970, Active Learning Models from the Analytical Sciences, (2007), Chapt. 19, 259-270.

Y-H. Yun, Z. Dong, V. Shanov, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, A. Bhattacharya, L. Conforti, R. K. Narayan, W. S. Ball, M. J. Schulz. "Nanotube Electrodes and Biosensors," Nanotoday, (2007), 2, 30-37.

S. E. Edison, S. D. Conklin, N. Kaval, L. E. Cheruzel, J. A. Krause, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, R. M. Buchanan, M. J. Baldwin. "Spectroscopic Characterization of a Ni-Organic Radical Intermediate in the Aerobic Oxidation of Methanol Catalyzed by a Ni(II)(polyoximate) Complex,". Inorganic Chimica Acta, (2008), 361, 947-955.

Y-H. Yun, A. Bange, V. N. Shanov, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, D. K. Y. Wong, M. Behbehani, S. Pixley, A. Bhattacharya, Z. Dong, M. J. Schulz, A Nanotube Composite Microelectrode for Monitoring Dopamine Levels Using Cyclic Voltammetry and Differential Pulse Voltammetry, Proc. IMechE, Vol. 220 Part N: J. Nanoengineering & Nanosystems, 53-60, 2007.

W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, Z. P. Aguilar, S. Farrell, A. Jurkevica, H. Kuramitz, N. R. Mwale, N. Ronkainen-Matsuno, J. H. Thomas, U. Tiwari, J. Tu, C. Wansapura, Rapid Detection of Bioterrorism Agents in Water Supplies, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Awwa Research Foundation, 2007, 1-98.

M. Gong, I. Nikcevic, K. R. Wehmeyer, C. J. Seliskar, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman, Protein-Aptamer Binding Studies Using Microchip Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis, Electrophoresis, 29, 1415-1422, 2008.

Y-H. Yun, Z. Dong, V. N. Shanov, A. Doepke, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, A. Bhattacharya, D. K. Y. Wong, M. J. Schulz, Fabrication and Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Array Electrodes with Gold Nanoparticle Tips, Sens. Actuators B, 133, 208-212, 2008.

J. M. Fowler, D. K. Y. Wong, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Recent Developments in Electrochemical Immunoassays and Immunosensors, in Electrochemical Sensors, Biosensors and Their Biomedical Applications, Ed. X. Zhang, H. Ju, J. Wang, Elsevier Inc., pp. 115-143, 2008.

H. Kuramitz, A. Piruska, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, Simultaneous Multi Selective Spectroelectrochemical Sensing of the Interaction between Protein and Its Ligand Using the Redox Dye-Nile Blue as a Label, Anal. Chem., 80, 9642-9648, 2008.

F. C. Dudak, I. H. Boyaci, A. Jurkevica, M. Hossain, Z. Aquilar, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, Determination of Viable Escherichia coli Using Antibody-coated Paramagnetic Beads with Fluorescence Detection, Anal. & Bioanal. Chem., 393, 949-956, 2009.

W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, T. S. Pinyayev, R. A. Wilson, L. K. Morris, A. S. Del Negro, S. A. Bryan, Spectroelectrochemical Sensor: Development and Applications, in ECS Transactions-35 Years of Chemical Sensors, Eds. J. Li, P. Vanysek, R. Brown, C. Bruckner-Lea, D. Hatchet, M. Josowicz, ECS Transactions, Vol. 19, pp. 129-134, 2009.

W. R. Heineman, J. R. Kirchoff, J. F. Wheeler, C. E. Lunte, S. H. Jenkins, Electrochemistry: Principles and Measurements, Chapt. 12, in Clinical Chemistry: Theory, Analysis, Correlations, 5th ed., Elsevier, Eds., Kaplan and Pesce, 222-236, 2010.

C. M. Wansapura, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 20. Detection of Metal Ions in Different Oxidation States, Anal. Chem., 79, 5594-5600, 2007.

Detection of VEGF165 Using an Aptamer Affinity Probe in Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis, M. Gong, K. R. Wehmeyer, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Current Pharmaceutical Analysis, 5, 156-163, 2009.

Characterization of Partially Sulfonated Polystyrene-block-poly(ethylene-ran-butylene)-block-polystyrene Thin Films for Spectroelectrochemical Sensing, N. Pantelic, S.E. Andria, W.R. Heineman, C.J. Seliskar, Anal. Chem, 81, 6756-6764, 2009.

Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. 21. Selective Chemical Sensing Using SSEBS Thin Films, S.E. Andria, C.J. Seliskar, W.R. Heineman, Anal. Chem, 81, 9599-9606, 2009.

Absorbance-Based Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for [Re(dmpe)3] (dmpe – dimethylponphinoethane), L.K. Morris, C.J. Seliskar, W.R. Heineman, A.S. Del Negro, S.A. Bryan, Electroanalysis, 21, 2091-2098, 2009.

Comparing Polyelectrolyte Multilayer-coated PMMA Microfluidic Devices and Glass Microchips for Electrophoretic Separations , C.A. Currie, J.S. Shim, C. Ahn, P.L. Limbach, H.B. Halsall, W.R. Heineman, Electrophoresis, 30, 4245-4250, 2009.

Revolutionizing Biodegradable Metals, Y. Yun, Z. Dong, N. Lee, Y. Liu, D. Xue, X. Guo, J. Kuhlmann, A. Doepke, H.B. Halsall, W. Heineman, S. Sundaramurthy, M.J. Schulz, Z. Yin, V. Shanov, D. Hurd, P. Nagy, W. Li, C. Fox, Materials Today, 12 (10, October), 22-32, 2009.

Immunoassay Detection in a Perfluorocarbon Emulsion Oxygen Therapeutic, R. E. Barlag, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Anal. & Bioanal. Chem., 396, 675-680, 2010.

Electrochemical  Biosensors, N.J. Ronkainen-Matsuno, H.B. Halsall, W.R. Heineman, Chem. Soc. Rev., 39, 1747-1763, 2010.

Simultaneous Detection of Two Analytes Using a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor, S.E. Andria, C.J. Seliskar, and W.R. Heineman, Anal Chem., 82, 1720-1726, 2010.

Effect of Some Physico-chemical Conditions on an Immunoassay for Viable Escherichia coli. A. Jurkevica, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 397, 3133-3136, 2010.

Electrochemical and Optical Behavior of 8-Hydroxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic Acid at Optically Transparent Electrodes. R. N. Andrews, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 22, 1557-1565, 2010.

Parallel Separations Using Capillary Electrophoresis on a Multilane Microchip with Multiplexed Laser Induced Fluorescence Detection, I. Nikcevic, A. Piruska, K. R. Wehmeyer, C. J. Seliskar, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman, Electrophoresis, 31, 2796-2803, 2010.

Quantification of Chemically Reducing Species in the Phosphate Ion Catalyzed Degradation of Reducing Sugars, G. P. Rizzi, E. E. Amba, W. R. Heineman, J. Agric. Food Chem., 58, 9739-9743, 2010.

Rapid Prototyped Optically Transparent Thin-Layer Electrode Holder for Spectroelectrochemistry in Bench-top Spectrophotometers, R. A. Wilson, T. S. Pinyayev, N. Membreno, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 22, 2162-2166, 2010.

Fluorescence Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for 1-Hydroxypyrene, T. S. Pinyayev, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Chem., 82, 9743-9748, 2010.

Luminescence-Based Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for [Tc(dmpe)3]2+/+ (dmpe – 1,2-bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane) within a Charge-Selective Polymer Film, S. Chatterjee, A. S. Del Negro, M. K. Edwards, S. A. Bryan, N. Kaval, N. Pantelic, L. K. Morris, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, Anal. Chem., 83, 1766-1772, 2011.

Effect of the Concentration of Supporting Electrolyte on Spectroelectrochemical Detection of [Ru(bpy)3]2+, L. K. Morris, E. A. Abu, C. Bowman, C. Estridge, S. E. Andria, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 23, 939-946, 2011.

Lab-on-a-Chip Sensor for Detection of Highly Electronegative Heavy Metals by Anodic Stripping Voltammetry, P. Jothimuthu, R. A. Wilson, J. Herren, E. N. Haynes, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky, Biomedical Microdevices, 13, 695-703, 2011.

Spectroelectrochemical Sensing of Pyrene Metabolites 1-Hydroxypyrene and 1-Hydroxypyrene-glucuronide, R. A. Wilson, C. J. Seliskar, G. Talaska, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Chem., 83, 3725-3729, 2011.

Determination of Trace Metals by Anodic Stripping Voltammetry using a Carbon Nanotube Tower Electrode, X. Guo, Y. Yun, V. Shanov, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 23, 1252-1259, 2011.

Semi-Infinite Linear Diffusion Spectroelectrochemistry on an Aqueous Micro-Drop, C. A. Schroll, S. Chatterjee, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan, Anal. Chem., 83, 4214-4219, 2011.

Carbohydrate-Based Label-Free Detection of Escherichia coli ORN 178 Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, X. Guo, A. Kulkarni, A. Doepke, H. B. Halsall, S. Iyer, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Chem., 84, 241-246, 2011.

Microfabricated Electrochemical Detector for High-Performance Liquid Chromatography, E. Ogburn, M. Dziewatkoski, D. Moles, J. Johnson, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Chem., 83, 6963-6970, 2011.

Corrosion of Organosilane Coated Mg4Y Alloy in Sodium Chloride Solution Evaluated by Impedance Spectroscopy and pH Changes, A. Doepke, D. Xue, Y. Yun, W. J. Vanooij, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Electrochimica Acta, 70, 165-170, 2012.

The Morphology and Evolution of Bipyramidal Gold Nanoparticles, N. Geitner, A. Doepke, M.A. Fickenscher, J. M. Yarrison-Rice, W. R. Heineman, H. E. Jackson, L. M. Smith, Nanotechnology., 22(27), 275607 (8 pgs), 2011.

Anodic Stripping Voltammetry of Heavy Metals on a Metal Catalyst Free Carbon Nanotube Electrode, W. Yue, B. Riehl, N. Pantelic, K. Schlueter, J. Johnson, R. Wilson, X. Guo, E. King, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 24, 1039-1046, 2012.

Electronic and Molecular Structures of trans-dioxotechnetium(V) Polypyridyl Complexes in the Solid State, S. Chatterjee, A.S. Del Negro, Z. Wang, M. K. Edwards, F. N. Skomurshi, S. E. Hightower, J. A. Krause, B. Twamley, B. P. Sullivan, C. Reber, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan, Inorg. Chem., 50, 5815-5823, 2011.

Thin-Layer Spectroelectrochemistry on an Aqueous Microdrop, C. A. Schroll, S. Chatterjee, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan, Electroanalysis, 24, 1065-1070, 2012.

Magnetic Microbead-Based Enzyme Immunoassay for Ovalbumin Using Hydrodynamic Voltammetry and Flurometric Detection, H. Kuramitz, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Methods, 4, 1783-1789, 2012.

Assessing a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor’s Performance for Detecting [Ru(bpy)3]2+ in Natural and Treated Water, E. A. Abu, S. A. Bryan, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 24, 1517-1523, 2012.

Analysis of the Electrochemical Oxidation of Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube Tower Electrodes in Sodium Hydroxide, A. Doepke, C. Han, T. Back, W. Cho, D. Dionysiou, V. Shanov, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 24, 1501-1508, 2012.

Lab-on-a-chip Sensor for Measuring Zn by Stripping Voltammetry, X. Pei, W. Kang, W. Yue, A. Bange, H. R. Wong, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky, Proc. of SPIE, 8251, 82510K/1-82510K/8, 2012.

Comparison of the Effects of Biofouling on Voltammetric and Potentiometric Measurements, J. Kuhlmann, L. Dzugan, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 24, 1732-1738, 2012.

Material Science Chemistry of Electrochemical Microsensors and Applications for Biofilm Research, W. H. Lee, W. H. Choi, X. Guo, W. R. Heineman, P. L. Bishop, Key Engineering Materials,521, 113-139, 2012.

Micro Solid-Contact Ion-Selective Electrode Using a Carbon Nanotube Tower as Ion-to-Electron Transfucer and Conductive Substrate, X. Guo, T. Meyung, Y. Yun, V. N. Shanov, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 24, 2045-2048, 2012.

Manganese Detection with a Metal Catalyst Free Carbon Nanotube Electrode: Anodic vs. Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry, W. Yue, A. Bange, B. Riehl, B. Riehl, J. Johnson, I. Papautsky, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 24, 1909-1914, 2012.

Amperometric Homogeneous Competitive Immunoassay in a Perfluorocarbon Emulsion Oxygen Therapeutic (PEOT), R. E. Barlag, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 405, 3541-3547, 2013.

Zinc Detection in Serum by Anodic Stripping Voltammetry on Microfabricated Bismuth Electrodes, P. Jothimuthu, R. A. Wilson, J. Herren, X. Pei, W. Kang, R. Daniels, H. Wong, F. Beyette, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky, Electroanalysis, 25, 401-407, 2013.

A Multiwalled-Carbon-Nanotube-Based Biosensor for Monitoring Microcystin-LR in Sources of Drinking Water Supplies, C. Han, A. Doepke, W. Cho, V. Likodimos, A. A. de la Cruz, T. Back, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, V. N. Shanov, M. J. Schulz, P. Falaras, D. D. Dionysiou, Adv. Funct. Mater., 23, 1807-1816, 2013.

Electrochemical Sensing of Dissolved Hydrogen in Aqueous Solutions as a Tool to Monitor Magnesium Alloy Corrosion, J. Kuhlmann, F. Witte, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 25, 1105-1110, 2013.

Electrochemical Studies of Catalyst Free Carbon Nanotube Electrodes, T. Wang, H. Manamperi, W. Yue, B. Riehl, B. Riehl, J. Johnson, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 25, 983-990, 2013.

Detection of Trace Zinc by a Micro Electrochemical Sensor Based on Carbon Nanotube Threads, X. Guo, W. H. Lee, N. Alvarez, V. Shanov, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 25, 1599-1604, 2013.

Three-Component Spectroelectrochemical Sensor Module for the Detection of Pertechnetate (TcO4-), S. Chatterjee, S. A. Bryan, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, Rev. Anal. Chem., 32, 209-224, 2013.

Cyclic Voltammetric, Fluorescence and Biological Analysis of Purified Aeruginosin A, A Secreted Red Pigment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, E. Amba, S. Su, R. R. Boissy, A. Greatens, L. Sallans, W. R. Heineman, D. J. Hassett, Microbiology, 159, 1736-1747, 2013.

A System for Characterizing Mg Corrosion in Aqueous Solutions using Electrochemical Sensors and Impedance Spectroscopy, A. Doepke, J. Kuhlmann, X. Guo, R. T. Voorhees, W. R. Heineman, Acta Biomaterialia, 9, 9211-9219, 2013.

Fast Escape of Hydrogen from Gas Cavities around Corroding Magnesium Implants, J. Kuhlmann, I. Bartsch, E. Willbold, S. Schuchardt, O. Holz, N. Hort, D. Hoche, W. R. Heineman, F. Witte, Acta Biomaterialia, 9, 8714-8721, 2013.

Electrochemistry and Spectroelectrochemistry of Europium(III) Chloride in 3LiCl-2KCl from 643 to 1123 K, C. A. Schroll, S. Chatterjee, T. G. Levitskaia, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan, Anal. Chem., 85, 9924-9931, 2013.

Simplified Nitrate-Reductase-Based Nitrate Detection by a Hybrid Thin-Layer Controlled Potential Coulometry/Spectroscopy Technique, T. Wang, K. T. Schlueter, B. L. Riehl, J. M. Johnson, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Chem., 85, 9486-9492, 2013.

The Application of Nafion Metal Catalyst Free Carbon Nanotube Modified Gold Electrode: Voltammetric Zinc Detection in Serum, W. Yue, A. Bange, B. L. Riehl, J. M. Johnson, I. Papautsky, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 25, 2259-2267, 2013.

Electrochemical Liquid Phase Deposition of Tin Oxide on Gold Electrode, S. Kishioka, W. R. Heineman, Thin Solid Films, 548, 349-353, 2013.

Photophysics and Luminescence Spectroelectrochemistry of [Tc(dmpe)3]+/+2 (dmpe = 1,2-Bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane), S. Chatterjee, A. S. Del Negro, F. N. Smith, Z. Wang, S. E. Hightower, B. P. Sullivan, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan, J. Phys. Chem., 117, 12749-12758, 2013.

Lab-on-a-chip Sensor with Evaporated Bismuth Film Electrode for Anodic Stripping Voltammetry of Zinc, W. Kang, X. Pei, W. Yue, A. Bange, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky, Electroanalysis, 25, 2586-2594, 2013.

Disposable Copper-Based Electrochemical Sensor for Anodic Stripping Voltammetry, X. Pei, W. Kang, W. Yue, A. Bange, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky, Anal. Chem., 86, 4893-4900, 2014.

Carbon Nanotube-Loaded Nafion Film Electrochemical Sensor for Metal Ions: Europium, T. Wang, D. Zhao, X. Guo, J. Correa, B. Riehl, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Chem., 86, 4354-4361, 2014.

Simultaneous Detection of Heavy Metals by Anodic Stripping Voltammetry Using Carbon Nanotube Thread, D. Zhao, X. Guo, T. Wang, N. Alvarez, V. Shanov, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 26, 488-496, 2014.

Improving Reproducibility of Lab-on-a-Chip Sensor with Bismuth Working Electrode for Determining Zn in Serum by Anodic Stripping Voltammetry, X. Pei, W. Kang, W. Yue, A. Bange, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky, J. Electrochem. Soc., 161, B3160-B3166, 2014.

Effects of Elevated Magnesium and Substrate on Neuronal Numbers and Neurite Outgrowth of Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells in vitro, J. J. Vennemeyer, T. Hopkins, J. Kuhlmann, W. R. Heineman, S. K. Pixley, Neuroscience Research, 84, 72-78, 2014.

Spectroelectrochemical Sensors: New Polymer Films for Improved Sensitivity, L. K. Morris, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan, W. R. Heineman in Optics and Photonics for Counterterrorism, Crime Fighting, and Defence X; and Optical Materials and Biomaterials in Security and Defence Systems Technology XI, D. Burgess and R. Zamboni, Eds, Proceedings of SPIE, 9253, 925311/1-15, 2014.

Copper-Based Electrochemical Sensor with Palladium Electrode for Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry of Manganese, W. Kang, X. Pei, A. Bange, E. N. Haynes, W. R, Heineman, I. Papautsky, Anal. Chem., 86, 12070-12077, 2014.

Cloud Point Extraction for Electroanalysis: Anodic Stripping Voltammetry of Cadmium, C. A. Rusinek, A. Bange, I. Papautsky, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Chem., 87, 6133-6140, 2015.

Optically Transparent Carbon Nanotube Film Electrode for Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemistry, T. Wang, D. Zhao, N. Alvarez, V. N. Shanov, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Chem., 87, 9687-9695, 2015.

Electrospun Carbon Nanofiber Modified Electrodes for Stripping Voltammetry, D. Zhao, T. Wang, D. Han, C. Rusinek, J. Steckl, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Chem., 87, 9315-9321, 2015.

Gold-coated Carbon Nanotube Electrode Arrays: Immunosensors for Impedimetric Detection of Bone Biomarkers, M. Ramanathan, M. Patil, R. Epur, Y. Yun, V. Shanov, M. Schulz, W. R. Heineman, M. K. Datta, P. N. Kumta, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 77, 580-588, 2016.

Monitoring Biodegradation of Magnesium Implants with Sensors, D. Zhao, T. Wang, X. Guo, J. Kuhlmann, A. Doepke, Z. Dong, V. N. Shanov, W. R. Heineman, Journal of Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, 68, 1204-1208, 2016.

Beyond Graphene Foam, A New Form of Three-Dimensional Graphene for Supercapacitor Electrodes, L. Zhang, D. DeArmond, N. T. Alvarez, D. Zhao, T. Wang, G. Hou, R. Malik, W. R. Heineman, V. Shanov, J. Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 4, 1876-1886, 2016.

Advances in H2 Sensors for Bioanalytical Applications, D. Zhao, T. Wang, W. R. Heineman, Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 79, 269-275, 2016.

In Vivo Monitoring the Biodegradation of Magnesium Alloys with an Electrochemical H2 Sensor, D. Zhao, T. Wang, J. Kuhlmann, Z. Dong, S. Chen, M. Joshi, P. Salunke, V. N. Shanov, D. Hong, P. N. Kumta, Acta Biomaterialia, 36, 361-368, 2016.

Bare and Polymer-Coated Indium Tin Oxide as Working Electrodes for Manganese Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry, C. A. Rusinek, A. Bange, M. Warren, W. Kang, K. Nahan, I. Papautsky, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Chem., 88, 4221-4228, 2016.

Conductivity Sensor for Real-time Monitoring of Magnesium Corrosion under Cell Culture Conditions, K. Ojo, J. Kuhlmann, T. Hopkins, W. R. Heineman, S. Pixley, Electroanalysis, 28, 2522-2532, 2016.

Spectroelectrochemistry of EUCl3 in Four Molten Sault Eutectics; 3 LiCl-NaCl, 3 LiCl-2 KCl, LiCl-RbCl, and 3 LiCl-2 CsCl; at 873 K, C. A. Schroll, S. Chatterjee, T. Levitskaia, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan, Electroanalysis, 28, 2158-2165, 2016.

Efficient Capture of Magnetic Microbeads by Sequentially Switched Electroosmotic Flow – An Experimental Study, D. Das, M. Al-Rjoub, W. R. Heineman, R. Banerjee, J. Micromechanics and Microengineering, xx, xxxx-xxxx, 2016.

Polymer-Coated Boron Doped Diamond Optically Transparent Electrodes for Spectroelectrochemical Sensors, C. A. Rusinek, M. F. Becker, R. Rechenberg, N. Kaval,  K. Ojo, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 28, 2228-2236, 2016.

Conductivity as a Sensor for Monitoring Relative Magnesium Corrosion Rates in Real-time, in Serum-containing Media under Cell Culture Conditions, K. Ojo, T. Hopkins, M. Joshi, P. Salunke, G. Zhang, K. Nahan, Z. Zhang, D. Zhao, S. K. Pixley, V. Shanov, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, xx, xxxx-xxxx, 2016.

Electrochemical Characterization of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofiber Arrays Prepared by Hole-mask Colloidal Lithography, J. E. Robinson, W. R. Heineman, L. B. Sagle, M. Meyyappan, J. E. Koehne, Electroanalysis, xx, xxxx-xxxx, 2016.

Carbon Nanofiber Electrode Array for the Detection of Lead, J. E. Robinson, W. R. Heineman, L. B. Sagle, M. Meyyappan, J. E. Koehne, Electrochem. Communications, 73, 89-93, 2016.

Absorption Spectroscopy for the Quantitative Prediction of Lanthanide Concentrations in the 3LiCl-2CsCl Eutectic at 723 K, C. A. Schroll, A. M. Lines, W. R. Heineman, S. A Bryan, Analytical Methods, 8, 7731-7738, 2016.

Visual H2 Sensor for Monitoring Biodegradation of Magnesium Implants in vivo, D. Zhao, T. Wang, W. Hoagland, D. Benson, Z. Dong, S. Chen, D-T. Chou, D. Hong, J. Wu, P. N. Prashant, W. R. Heineman, Acta Biomaterialia, 45, 399-409, 2016.

In vivo Characterization of Magnesium Alloy Biodegradation using Electrochemical H2 Monitoring, ICP-MS, and XPS, D. Zhao, T. Wang, K. Nahan, X. Guo, Z. Zhang, Z. Dong, S. Chen, D.-T. Chou, D. Hong, P. N. Kumta, W. R. Heineman, Acta Biomaterialia, 50, 556-565. 2017.

Optically Transparent Thin-Film Electrode Chip for Spectroelectrochemical Sensing, S. D. Branch, A. M. Lines, J. Lynch, J. M. Bello, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan, Anal. Chem., 89, 7324-7332, 2017.

Determination of Manganese in Whole Blood by Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry with Indium Tin Oxide, C. A. Rusinek, W. Kang, K. Nahan, M. Hawkins, C. Quartermaine, A. Stastny, A. Bange, I. Papautsky, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 29, 1850-1853.

Electrochemical Studies of Three Dimensional Graphene Foam as an Electrode Material, D. Zhao, L. Zhang, D. Siebold, D. DeArmond, N. T. Alvarez, V. N. Shanov, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 29, 1506-1512, 2017.

Determination of Lead with a Copper-Based Electrochemical Sensor, W. Kang, X. Pei, C. A. Rusinek, A. Bange, E. N. Haynes, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky, Anal. Chem., 89, 3345-3352, 2017.

Electrochemical Sensors Continuously Monitor Magnesium Biodegradation under Cell Culture Conditions, J. Kuhlmann, X. Guo, Z. Zhang, T. Hopkins, T. Wang, K. Ojo, S. K. Pixley, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 29, 1341-1349, 2017.

Determination of Manganese by Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry on a Microfabricated Platinum Thin-film Electrode, W. Kang, C. Rusinek, A. Bange, E. Haynes, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky, Electroanalysis, 29, 686-695, 2017.

Cathodic Stripping Voltammetric Determination of Cerium Using Indium Tin Oxide (ITO), K. Ojo, D. Zhao, C. A. Rusinek, S. K. Pixley, W. R. Heineman, Electroanalysis, 29, 1124-1130, 2017.

Electrochemistry of Europium(III) Chloride in 3 LiCl-NaCl, 3 LiCl-2 KCl, LiCl-RbCl, and 3 LiCl-2 CsCl Eutectics at Various Temperatures, C. A. Schroll, S. Chatterjee, T. G. Levitskaia, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan, J. Electrochemical Society, 164, H5345-H5352, 2017.

Carbon Nanotube Thread Electrochemical Cell: Detection of Heavy Metals, D. Zhao, D. Siebold, N. T. Alvarez, V. N. Shanov, W. R. Heineman, Anal. Chem., 89, 9654-9663.

Book Chapter

Nanoscale Engineering of Electrodes, Biosensors, and Protein Surfaces, Chapt. 19, Y. Yun, L. Conforti, Z. Dong, V. N. Shanov, J. S. Shin, W. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, W. Feng, C. H. Ahn, J. Doh, in Nanomedicine Design of Particles, Sensors, Motors, Implants, Robots, and Devices, Artech House, Eds., M. J. Schulz, V. N. Shanov and Y. Yun, 475-489, 2009.

Electrochemistry: Principles and Measurements, Chapt. 12, W. R. Heineman, J. R. Kirchhoff, J. F. Wheeler, C. E. Lunte, S. H. Jenkins, in Clinical Chemistry: Theory, Analysis, Correlations, 5th ed., Elsevier, Eds., L. Kaplan and A. Pesce, 222-236, 2010.

Biosensors on Enzymes, Tissues, and Cells, X. Guo, J. Kuhlmann, W. R. Heineman, Chapt. 11 in Environmental Analysis by Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors , Vol. 1: Fundamentals (K. Kalcher, L. M. Moretto, Eds.), pp. 283-312.  Springer Company, New York, 2014.

Presentations

Invited Presentations

W. R. Heineman Immunoelectrochemistry .AACC 41st National Meeting, Atlanta, GA.

D. J. Monk, M. L. Stegemiller, S. Conklin, J. R. Paddock, W. R. Heineman*, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway, S. A. Bryan, T. L. Hubler Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Technetium: Preconcentration and Quantification of Technetium in Polymer-modified Electrodes .the symposium on Environmental Management Science Program Symposium Environmental Sensing and Monitoring: Effects of Radiation Exposure on Humans and Biota, 225th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

W. R. Heineman (04-22-1971. )Specific Ion Electrodes: Principles and Biological Applications. A Mercury Platinum Optically Transparent Electrode. Two lectures on Electrochemistry .Davidson College, Davidson, North Carolina.

W.R. Heineman (04-23-1971. )A Mercury–Platinum Optically Transparent Electrode .University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

W.R. Heineman (11-01-1972. )Studies of Redox Enzymes .Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman, B. J. Norris and J. F. Goelz (09-1974. )Measurement of Enzyme Eo' Values By Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electro¬chemical Cells .National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Atlantic City.

W.R. Heineman, H.B. Mark, Jr., W. N. Hansen and J. Mattson (09-1974. )Panel Discussion: Problem Areas in Spectroelectrochemistry. Symposium on Spectroelectrochemistry .National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Atlantic City.

W.R. Heineman (11-1974. )Spectroelectrochemical Studies of Cytochrome c Oxidase .University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.

W.R. Heineman, T. P. DeAngelis and J. F. Goelz (04-1975. )Mercury–Nickel Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrochemical Cell, Symposium on Recent Advances in Analytical Voltammetry .169th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Philadelphia.

W.R. Heineman (04-24-1975. )Differential Pulse Anodic Stripping Voltammetry in Thin Layer Cells .Food and Drug Administration Laboratory, Cincinnati, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman (10-31-1975. )Rapid Scanning Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry: Liquid Chromatography, Emission Spectroscopy, and Electroanalytical Chemistry .Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman (10-31-1975. )Rapid Scanning Spectroscopy in Analytical Chemistry: Liquid Chromatography, Emission Spectroscopy, and Electroanalytical Chemistry .Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman (01-07-1976. )Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemical Techniques for the Study of Redox Enzymes .Bioelectro-chemical Workshop, Ohio State University.

W.R. Heineman (05-21-1976. )Electrochemical Techniques in Clinical Chemistry .American Association of Clinical Chemists, Spring Meeting of Ohio Valley Section, Cincinnati.

W.R. Heineman, B. J. Norris, T. P. DeAngelis, M. L. Meyer (05-27-1976. )Spectroelectrochemical Techniques in Thin Layer Cells, Symposium on Spectro¬scopic Methods in Electrochemical Studies .149th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Washington, DC.

W.R. Heineman, M. S. Denton, T. P. DeAngelis, A. M. Yacynych, and T. W. Gilbert (06-16-1976. )Oscillating Mirror Rapid Scanning Ultraviolet Visible Spectrometer as a Detector for Liquid Chromatography .The Ohio Valley Chromatography Symposium, Hueston Woods Lodge.

W.R. Heineman, D. F. Rohrbach and E. A. Deutsch (08-1976. )Spectroelectrochemical Techniques in Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes with Nonaqueous Solvents, Symposium on Spectroscopic and Electrochemical Char¬acterization of Solute Species in Nonaqueous Solvents .National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, San Francisco.

W.R. Heineman (10-1976. )Thin Layer Electrochemistry .Thrasymachan Conference on Biochemistry, French Lick, Indiana.

W.R. Heineman (11-09-1976. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Univeristy of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee.

W.R. Heineman (03-1977. )Spectroelectrochemistry with Metalloenzymes .Conference on Recent Advances in Fundamental Electrochemistry, California Institute of Technology.

W.R. Heineman (04-11-1977. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky.

W.R. Heineman (04-19-1977. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois .

W.R. Heineman (09-08-1977. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.

W.R. Heineman (10-12-1977. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois .

W.R. Heineman (11-10-1977. )Applications of Rapid Scan Spectroscopy to Analytical Determinations, .National Center for Drug Analysis, St. Louis.

W.R. heineman (11-11-1977. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Southern Illinois University,

W.R. Heineman (12-09-1977. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois .

W.R. Heineman (01-1978. )Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemistry .Gordon Research Conference on Electrochem¬istry, Santa Barbara.

W.R. Heineman and J. A. Caruso (02-1978. )Discussion of Methods of Chemical Analysis and Procedures .USA USSR Joint Workshop on Biological Effects of Metals, Cincinnati.

W.R. Heineman (03-16-1978. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Charles F. Kettering Research Laboratory, Yellow Springs, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman (05-1978. )Analytical Voltammetry in Thin Layers of Solution, Symposium on Electroanalytical Chemistry– New Experimental Approaches .Joint Central–Great Lakes Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman (09-19-1978. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

W.R. Heineman (10-13-1978. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Illinois,

W.R. Heineman (11-17-1978. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Sigma Xi Annual Research Recognition Award Lecture, University of Cincinnati.

W.R. Heineman (01-17-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Radford College, Radford, Virginia.

W.R. Heineman (01-18-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Virginia Polytechnic Institute and Sate University.

W.R. Heineman (02-07-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .National Bureau of Standard, Gaithersburg, Maryland.

W.R. Heineman (02-26-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan.

W.R. Heineman (03-01-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Kent State Unversity, Kent, Ohio .

W.R. Heineman (03-21-1979. ) Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas .

W.R. Heineman (03-23-1979. ) Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Houston, Houston, Texas.

W.R. Heineman (04-18-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Spectroscopy Society of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh.

W.R. Heineman (08-28-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Chemical Society of Belgium, Bruxellex, Belgium.

W.R. Heineman (08-30-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Institute for Organic Chemistry, Universitat Munster.

W.R. Heineman (09-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrode Techniques for the Study of Biological Redox Systems .Fifth International Symposium on Bioelectrochemistry and Bioener¬getics, Weimar, East Germany.

W.R. Heineman (10-04-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Ohio Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman (10-23-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Thomas More College, Crestview Hills, Kentucky.

W.R. Heineman (10-26-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan.

W.R. Heineman (11-16-1979. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

W.R. Heineman (01-1980. )(46) Thin Layer Electrochemical Studies of Biological Systems .Gordon Research Conference on Electrochemistry, Santa Barbara.

W.R. Heineman (03-06-1980. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Ohio University, Athens, Ohio .

W.R. Heineman (04-03-1980. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

W.R. Heineman (04-16-1980. )Cyclic Voltammetry .Emory Industries,

W.R. Heineman (04-25-1980. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Indiana University, Purdue University, Indianapolis, Indiana.

W.R. Heineman (06-1980. )Polymer Modified Electrodes as Potentiometric Sensors .U.S.— France Symposium on Adsorptive Attachment and Chemical Bonding to Electrode Surfaces to Catalyze Electrochemical Reactions, Bendor, France.

W.R. Heineman (06-1980. )Investigation of Cu Zn Interferences in Anodic Stripping Voltammetry, Symposium on Applications and Advances of Voltammetric Methods in Analysis and Chemistry .ACS Northeast Regional Meeting, Potsdam, New York.

W.R. Heineman, B. S. Ault, J. A. Caruso, T. W. Gilbert, H. B. Mark, Jr., T. W. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar, and E. D. Sprague (08-1980. )Integrated Physical Analytical Program .Symposium on the Teaching of Analytical Chemistry, 2nd Chemical Congress of the North American Continent (180th ACS National Meeting), Las Vegas.

W.R. Heineman (11-13-1980. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Naval Research Laboratory,

W.R. Heineman (11-25-1980. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman and E. A. Deutsch (12-1980. )Development of More Efficacious Tc 99m Organ Imaging Agents for Use in Nuclear Medicine by Analytical Characterization of Radiopharmaceutical Mixtures .Department of Energy Nuclear Medicine Contractors Meeting, Rockville, Maryland.

W.R. Heineman (01-20-1981. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Tennessee, Knoxville Tennessee.

W.R. Heineman (02-19-1981. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Bioanalytical Systems Inc,

W.R. Heineman (02-26-1981. ) Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Pennsylvania.

W.R. Heineman, K. R. Wehmeyer and H. B. Halsall (03-1981. )Immunoassay by Electrochemical Techniques .Japan Electrochemical Society, Hiyoshi, Yokohama, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (03-1981. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrode Techniques for the Study of Biological Systems .Japan Chemical Society, Tokyo.

W.R. Heineman, C. W. Anderson, H. B. Halsall, J. M. Johnson, G. P. Kreishman, M. L. Meckstroth, B. J. Norris, C. H. Su (03-1981. )Studies of Biological Redox Systems by Thin layer Electrochemical Techniques .Symposium on Electrochemistry and Spectrochemistry of Biological Redox Com¬ponents, 181st ACS National Meeting, Atlanta.

W.R. Heineman (04-15-1981. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Tohohu University, Sendai, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (04-16-1981. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Pharmaceutical Institute, Tohoku University.

W. R. Heineman (04-22-1981. )Thin Layer Differential Pulse Voltammetry . Pharmaceutical Institute, Tohoku University.

W.R. Heineman (04-27-1981. )Development of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals by Chromatography and Electro¬chemistry .Tohoku Division of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan ,

W.R. Heineman (04-27-1981. ) Development of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals by Chromatography and Electrochemistry .the Pharmaceutical Institute of Tohoku University,

W. R. Heineman (04-28-1981. )Thin Layer Differential Pulse and Spectroelectrochemistry .Department of Chemistry, Tohoku University.

W.R. Heineman (04-30-1981. )Development of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals by Chromatography and Electrochemistry .Department of Chemistry, Tohoku University.

W.R. Heineman (05-01-1981. )Development of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals by Chromatography and Electrochemistry .Tohoku Medical Society, Tohoku Japan.

W.R. Heineman (05-06-1981. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (05-09-1981. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (05-11-1981. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (05-12-1981. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Institute for Molecular Science, Okazaki, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (05-14-1981. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Kyoto Technical University, Kyoto Japan.

W.R. Heineman (05-16-1981. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (05-18-1981. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Osaka City University, Osakaka, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (10-27-1981. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana .

W. R. Heineman (11-04-1981. )Electroanalytical Methods, .Columbus ACS Short Course on Instrumental Methods of Analysis,

W.R. Heineman (11-30-1981. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

W.R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle, M. H. Eggers, D. S. Wright and J. P. Zodda (03-1982. )Immunoassay by Electrochemical Techniques .Symposium on Electroanalytical Methods and Materials on the Horizon, Pittsburgh Conference on Analytical Chemistry, Atlantic City.

W.R. Heineman, E. DeCastro, D. Smith and J. E. Mark (05-1982. )Electrodes Coated with Polymer Networks Cross Linked by Gamma Irradiation .Symposium on Polymer Film Electrodes, 161st Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Montreal, Canada.

W.R. Heineman, J. M. Johnson and H. B. Halsall (05-1982. )Control and Measurement of Potential Dependent Enzymatic Activity in an Enzyme Thin Layer Cell .Symposium on Redox Mechanisms and Interfacial Properties of Molecules of Biological Importance, 161st Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Montreal, Canada.

W.R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle and M. H. Eggers (05-1982. )Immunoassay by Voltammetric Techniques .Japanese–American Seminar on Recent Advances in the Electrochemistry of Energy Generation, Storage and Conversion, Honolulu.

W.R. Heineman (06-13-1982. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Pennsylvania State University,

W.R. Heineman (09-1982. )Spectroelectrochemistry: The Combination of Optical and Electrochemical Tech¬niques .State of the Art Symposium for Chemical Educators VI: Electrochemistry. 184th ACS National Meeting, Kansas City.

W.R. Heineman (10-01-1982. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .University of Illinois, Chicago Illinois.

W.R. Heineman (10-13-1982. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .SUNY, Buffalo.

W.R. Heineman (10-18-1982. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware.

W.R. Heineman (10-27-1982. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman (11-1982. )Immunoassay with Amperometric Detection .Symposium on Hydrodynamic Voltam¬metry. Eastern Analytical Symposium, New York City.

W.R. Heineman (11-01-1982. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Society of Applied Spectroscopy , Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman (11-12-1982. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Chemistry Fall Symposium on Electrochemistry: New Research , Northwestern University.

W.R. Heineman (12-06-1982. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .DuPont Experimental Station, Wilmington.

W.R. Heineman (12-07-1982. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Villianova University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania .

W.R. Heineman (12-09-1982. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey .

W.R. Heineman (03-17-1983. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Cincinnati Section ACS, Chemist of the Year Award, Cincinnati , Ohio.

W.R. Heineman, E. S. DeCastro, D. A. Smith, D. Villarroel, and J. E. Mark (05-1983. )Characterization of Electrodes Coated with Polymer Networks Cross Linked by Gamma Irradiation .Symposium on Mechanisms and Modeling of Electrochemical Membrane Processes, 163rd Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, San Francisco.

W.R. Heineman, M. J. Doyle, K. R. Wehmeyer, H. M. Eggers, D. S. Wright and H. B. Halsall (05-1983. )Strategies for Voltammetric Immunoassay .Symposium on Electrochemistry: Analytical and Mechanistic Electrochemistry of Biological Systems, 15th Central Regional ACS Meeting, Oxford, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman, J. P. Zodda, K. Libson, S. Tanabe and E. Deutsch (05-1983. )HPLC Studies of Technetium Complexes Used in Nuclear Medicine .Symposium on Inorganic Chemistry in Biology and Medicine, 15th Central Regional ACS Meeting, Oxford, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman (06-24-1983. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa .

W.R. Heineman, M. J. Doyle, K. R. Wehmeyer, H. M. Eggers and D. S. Wright (08-1983. )Enzyme Immunoassay with Voltammetric Detection .Symposium on Analytical Voltammetry, ACS National Meeting, Washington, DC.

W.R. Heineman, K. R. Wehmeyer, D. S. Wright, H. M. Eggers and H. B. Halsall (09-1983. )Electrochemical Approaches to Immunoassays .Symposium on Bioanalytical Electro¬chemistry: Principles, Applications and Future Prospects. Federation of Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy Societies, Philadelphia.

W.R. Heineman (10-11-1983. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Indiana University, Bloomington Indiana.

W.R. Heineman (11-09-1983. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Washington State University,

W.R. Heineman (11-10-1983. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University Idaho, Moscow, Idaho.

W. R. Heineman (12-1983. )Electrodes Coated with Polymer Networks Cross linked by Gamma Irradiation .Working Group Meeting on Principles and Applications of Electrochemistry, Army Research Office, Charleston, SC.

W.R. Heineman (12-07-1983. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas.

W.R. Heineman (02-02-1984. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.

W.R. Heineman (02-19-1984. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Bucknell University, Lewisburg Pennsylvania.

W.R. Heineman (03-22-1984. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .University of North Carolina , Chapel Hill.

W.R. Heineman (03-23-1984. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Duke University, Durham North Carolina.

W.R. Heineman (04-13-1984. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois .

W.R. Heineman (04-23-1984. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Texas, Austin Texas.

W. R. Heineman*, K. R. Wehmeyer and H. B. Halsall (05-1984. )Electrochemical Approaches to Enzyme Immunoassay Methodology .Symposium on Redox Mechanisms and Interfacial Properties of Molecules of Biological Importance, 165th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Cincinnati, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman (05-11-1984. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Illinois, Chicago Illinois.

W. R. Heineman (06-1984. )Strategies for Immunoassay by Voltammetric Techniques .37th Annual Summer Symposium on Analytical Chemistry—Trends and Accomplishments in Electroanalytical Chemistry, Gaithersburg, MD.

E. S. DeCastro, D. O. Villarroel, J. E. Mark and W. R. Heineman (10-1984. )Electrodes with Network Films Formed by Gamma Irradiation Cross Linking .Symposium on Polymeric and Modified Electrodes, 166th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans.

W.R. Heineman (10-28-1984. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Kentucky, Lexington Kentucky.

W.R. Heineman (11-01-1984. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Miami University, Oxford Ohio.

W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle and D. S. Wright (12-1984. )Immunoassay by Chromatrography/Electrochemistry .Symposium on Bioelectroanalytical Chemistry, Honolulu, HI.

R. C. Elder, W. R. Heineman and D. A. Smith (12-1984. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry .Symposium on Spectroscopic Techniques in Inorganic Chemistry, Honolulu, HI.

W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle and D. S. Wright (02-1985. )Immunoassay by Liquid Chromatrography/Electrochemistry .Charles N. Reilley Award Symposium on Electroanalytical Chemistry, New Orelans, LA.

W.R. Heineman (02-20-1985. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Bucknell University,

W.R. Heineman (03-06-1985. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Denison college, Granville Ohio.

W.R. Heineman (04-01-1985. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .University of Utah,

W.R. Heineman (04-18-1985. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Michigan State University, Lansing Michigan.

D. A. Smith, H. D. Dewald, J. W. Watkins, W. R. Heineman*, and R. C. Elder (05-1985. )Structural Determination in Redox Systems by EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry .Symposium on Spectroelectro-chemistry and Electroanalysis. 167th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Toronto, Canada.

W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, M. J. Doyle, K. R. Wehmeyer, and D. Scott Wright (09-1985. )Immunoelectrochemistry .Memorial Symposium Honoring D. E. Smith. ACS Meeting, Chicago, IL.

W.R. Heineman (10-15-1985. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Univesity of Vermont, Burlington Vermont.

W. R. Heineman (11-1985. )Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemistry of Inorganic and Biologic Systems .Elektrochemische Analysenmethoden, Neubrandenburg, East Germany.

W.R. Heineman (11-15-1985. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Karl Marx University, Leipzig Germany.

W. R. Heineman (01-1986. )Strategies for Immunoassay by Electrochemical Techniques .Gordon Conference on Electrochemistry, Santa Barbara, CA.

W.R. Heineman (01-15-1986. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .The College of Wooster, Wooster Ohio.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, and M. J. Doyle (03-1986. )Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay with Immobilized Antibodies .Symposium on Immobilized Enzymes, Cells, and Proteins in Analytical Chemistry. Pittsburgh Conference, Atlantic City, NJ.

W.R. Heineman (03-01-1986. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .East Carolina University,

W.R. Heineman (03-19-1986. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Metropolitan Section, Electrochemical Society,, Hoboken, NJ.

W.R. Heineman (03-21-1986. )Analytical Chemistry in the Development of Radiopharmaceuticals for Nuclear Medicine .Burroughs Wellcome Colorado.

W.R. Heineman (04-07-1986. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Biology Seminars,, University of Cincinnati.

W.R. Heineman (04-21-1986. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .1986 Norman Foster Lecture, Univeristy of Arkansas.

W.R. Heineman (04-30-1986. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Earlham College, Richmond Indiana.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle, and D. S. Wright (05-1986. )Immunoassay by HPLC and Flow Injection Analysis with Electrochemical Detection .Symposium on Electrochemical Sensors for Biomedical Applications. 169th Meeting, Electrochemical Society, Boston, MA.

W. R. Heineman*, H. D. Dewald, D. M. Caster (05-1986. )Optical Spectroelectrochemistry .Symposium on Electrochemistry and Solid–State Science Education at the Graduate and Undergraduate Level. 169th Meeting, Electrochemical Society, Boston, MA.

Y. Ikariyama and W. R. Heineman (05-1986. )Polypyrrole Coated Electrode as a Detector of Ionic Substances .169th Meeting, Electrochemical Society, Boston, MA.

W.R. Heineman (06-04-1986. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Imperial College, London.

W.R. Heineman (07-29-1986. ) Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Amoco Corporation,

W. R. Heineman (08-1986. )Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Gordon Research Conference on Analytical Chemistry, New Hampton, NH.

W.R. Heineman (08-20-1986. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co,

W.R. Heineman (09-12-1986. ) Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Colorado State University,

W.R. Heineman (09-17-1986. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Cincinnati Section, ACS,

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle, and D. S. Wright (10-1986. )Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay .Bioelectroanalytical Symposium, Matrafured, Hungary.

W.R. Heineman (10-13-1986. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .London University, Birkbeck College,

W.R. Heineman (10-28-1986. ) Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Abbott Laboratories,

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle, and D. S. Wright (11-1986. )Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay .Electrochemistry in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Symposium. American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists, National Meeting, Washington, DC.

W.R. Heineman (11-25-1986. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .University of Kansas,

W.R. Heineman (02-19-1987. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .University of Houston,

W.R. Heineman (03-18-1987. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .West Virginia University,

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle, D. S. Wright (04-1987. )Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .International Symposium on Electroanalysis & Sensors in Biomedical, Environmental and Industrial Sciences, UWIST, Cardiff, Wales.

L. A. Coury*, E. M. Birch, W. R. Heineman (04-1987. )Polymer Modified Carbon Fiber Microelectrodes as Catechol Sensors .Symposium on Sensor Science and Technology, Cleveland, OH.

W.R. Heineman (04-10-1987. ) Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Harwell Laboratory, United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority.

W.R. Heineman (04-17-1987. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .University of Delaware,

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall (05-1987. )Electrochemical Immunosensors .NATO Advanced Research Workshop. Analytical Uses of Immobilized Biological Compounds Detection, Medical & Industrial Uses, Florence, Italy.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall (05-1987. )Strategies for the Avoidance of Electrode Fouling by Biological Samples .International Electroanalytical Symposium, Schaumburg, IL.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle, D. S. Wright (05-1987. )Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay .International Bioanalytical Workshop, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall (06-1987. )Enzyme Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection in Flow Systems .GBF International Workshop on Biosensors, Braunschweig Stockheim, West Germany.

L. A. Coury, E. M. Birch*, W. R. Heineman (06-1987. )Electrodes Coated with Gamma Radiation Immobilized Polymer Films .Symposium on Electrochemistry and Surface Chemistry, 19th ACS Central Regional Meeting, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

W. R. Heineman (06-1987. )Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .40th Annual Summer Symposium on Analytical Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

W. R. Heineman (07-21-1987. )Modern Electroanalytical Techniques .Mound Facility, Monsanto Research Corporation,

W. R. Heineman*, E. Deutsch, J. L. Martin, Jr., J. R. Kirchhoff, A. Ichimura (08-1987. )Electrochemistry of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals .Symposium on Technetium in Nuclear Medicine: Radiopharma-ceuticals for Heart and Brain Imaging. II, 194th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, New Orleans, LA.

W.R. Heineman (08-24-1987. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co,

W. R. Heineman (09-1987. )Electroanalytical Chemistry at the Interface with Biochemistry .Symposium on Analytical Chemistry at the Interdisciplinary Interface I. The Interface with Biological Science, 26th Annual Eastern Analytical Symposium, New York, NY.

W. R. Heineman*, R. C. Elder, D. M. Caster, C. E. Lunte (09-1987. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry .Symposium on Modern Methods in Electroanalytical Chemistry I, 26th Annual Eastern Analytical Symposium, New York, NY.

W. R. Heineman*, H. Brian Halsall, K. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle, D. S. Wright (09-1987. )Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay .Symposium on Accuracy in Trace Analysis—Accomplishments, Goals, Challenges, National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland.

W.R. Heineman (09-24-1987. ) Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Tokyo Institute of Technology,

W. R. Heineman (09-25-1987. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .33rd Annual Meeting on Polarography and Electroanalytical Chemistry, Nara, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (09-28-1987. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Kumamoto University,

W.R. Heineman (09-28-1987. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman (09-30-1987. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Kyushu University,

W. R. Heineman*, R. C. Elder, D. M. Caster, C. E. Lunte, and H. D. Dewald (10-1987. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry of Metal Complexes in Solution and in Polymer Coated Electrodes .Symposium on Spectroelectrochemistry and Electroanalytical Science, 172nd Meeting of The Electrochemical Society, Honolulu, Hawaii.

W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, S. J. Jenkins (10-1987. )Electrochemical Immunoassay .Symposium on Chemical Sensors, 14th Annual Meeting, Detroit, MI.

W.R. Heineman (10-03-1987. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Osaka University, Osaka Japan.

W.R. Heineman (10-06-1987. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Hokkaido University,

W.R. Heineman (10-09-1987. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Tohoku University,

W.R. Heineman (10-14-1987. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Tokyo Agricultural & Technical University,

W.R. Heineman (10-14-1987. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Tokyo University , Tokyo Japan.

W. R. Heineman (10-15-1987. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Tokyo Seminar on Macromolecule–Metal Complexes, University of Tokyo, Japan.

W. R. Heineman (11-02-1987. )Developing More Efficacious 99mTc Organ Imaging for Nuclear Medicine by Analytical Characterization of Radiopharmaceutical Mixtures .U. S. Department of Energy, Review of OHER/Nuclear Medicine Research, Bethesda, MD.

W. R. Heineman (12-1987. )New Electrochemical Methods .New Trends in Bioanalytical Methodology Sym-posium, JUC Pharm Sci '87 Therapeutics in the 21st Century. Meeting of The Japanese United States Congress of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Honolulu, Hawaii.

W. R. Heineman (02-1988. )Electrochemical Detectors .Symposium on New and Emerging Techniques in Analytical Chemistry, Chemistry Division of the Science Program of the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)and the FSIS Continuing Education Program in the Sciences, Baltimore, MD.

W.R. Heineman (03-03-1988. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Lund University, Lund Sweden.

W.R. Heineman (03-11-1988. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .University of Mississippi,

W. R. Heineman* and H. B. Halsall (04-1988. )Enzyme Immunoassay by Flow Injection Analysis with Electrochemical Detection .Flow Analysis IV, Las Vegas, NV.

S. H. Jenkins, H. B. Halsall, and W. R. Heineman (06-1988. )Enzyme Immunoassay with Detection by Hydrodynamic Amperometry .195th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society and the Third Chemical Congress of North America, Toronto, Ontario.

W. R. Heineman* and W. B. Jensen (06-1988. )Spectroelectrochemistry .195th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society and the Third Chemical Congress of North America, Toronto, Ontario.

W. R. Heineman (07-1988. )Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay .Symposium on Emerging Technology: Visions to Reality Via Basic Research, 40th National Meeting, American Association for Clinical Chemistry, New Orleans, LA.

W. R. Heineman*, L. A. Coury, Jr., C. Galiatsatos, E. W. Huber, and S. Sponaugle (09-1988. )Electrochemical Biosensors Based on Polymer Films Immobilized by Gamma Irradiation .Symposium on Chemical Sensors and Microinstrumentation III, 196th National ACS Meeting, Los Angeles, CA.

W.R. Heineman (09-14-1988. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Oberlin College, Oberlin Ohio.

W.R. Heineman (09-26-1988. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Syntex Corporation,

W.R. Heineman (09-30-1988. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .University of Nebraska,

L. A. Coury, Jr., C. Galiatsatos, E. W. Huber, S. Sponaugle, and W. R. Heineman (10-1988. )Polymer Coated Ultramicroelectrodes as Miniature Sensors .Symposium on Microminiature Actuators and Sensing Systems, Electronics Design Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.

W.R. Heineman (10-10-1988. ) Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Bio-Rad, Hercules, California.

W.R. Heineman (10-20-1988. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Florida State University, Tallahassee Florida.

W. R. Heineman (10-31-1988. )X–Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Electrochemically Generated Species .AFOSR Meeting, Gatlinburg, TN.

W.R. Heineman (11-22-1988. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical .Biotronic systems, Washington, D.C..

W. R. Heineman* and H. B. Halsall (12-1988. )Immunosensors .British Biophysical Society Winter Meeting, University College, London, England.

W.R. Heineman (02-01-1989. )Development of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals by Chromatography and Electrochemistry .Squibb Institute of Research,

W. R. Heineman (03-1989. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Subattomole Detection Limits .Charles N. Reilley Award Symposium, Pittsburgh Conference, Atlanta, GA.

L. R. Sharpe, D. H. Igo, C. E. Lunte, A. F. M. M. Rahman, J. R. Kirchhoff, H. D. Dewald, W. R. Heineman, and R. C. Elder (04-1989. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry as an In Situ Probe of Polymer Coated Electrodes .Symposium on Photochemical and Electrochemical Surface Science: Microstructural Probes of Electrode Processes I, 197th National ACS Meeting, Dallas, TX.

W. R. Heineman (04-1989. )Electrochemical Immunoassay .Bioelectronics and Biosen sors at the Society for Experimental Biology Spring Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland.

W. R. Heineman* and H. B. Halsall (04-1989. )Biosensors Based on Antibody and Enzyme Reactions with Electrochemical Detection .U.S. Japan Seminar on Biosensors, Honolulu, HI.

W.R. Heineman (04-26-1989. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of California, Riverside California.

W. R. Heineman* and H. B. Halsall (05-1989. )Electrochemical Immunoassay for the Determination of Therapeutic Drugs .Third International Symposium on Drug Analysis, Antwerp, Belgium.

W. R. Heineman*, R. C. Elder, L. R. Sharpe, D. Igo, D. M. Caster, C. E. Lunte, H. D. Dewald (06-1989. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry .US/Japan Seminar on Spectroscopic Characterization of Electrode Processes, Honolulu, HI.

W.R. Heineman (08-28-1989. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical .North Carolina State University,

W. R. Heineman*, R. C. Elder, L. R. Sharpe, D. Igo, D. M. Caster, C. E. Lunte and H. D. Dewald (09-1989. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry .ISE Pre Symposium, Sendai, Japan.

W. R. Heineman*, L. A. Coury, Jr., C. Galiatsatos, E. W. Huber, and S. Sponaugle (09-1989. )Chemical Sensors Based on Electrodes Modified with Polymer Networks .40th ISE Meeting, Kyoto, Japan.

W. R. Heineman (09-14-1989. )Techniques of Current Analytical Electrochemistry .Shimodate Second Works of Hitachi Chemical, Ibaraki, Japan.

W. R. Heineman (09-28-1989. )Chemical Sensors Based on Electrodes Modified with Polymer Networks .Yellow Springs Instruments, Yellow Springs, Ohio.

W. R. Heineman* and E. A. Deutsch (12-1989. )Electrochemical and Chromatographic Studies of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals .Symposium on Artificial Elements: A Half Century, The 1989 International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies, Honolulu, Hawaii.

W.R. Heineman (12-08-1989. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico.

W.R. Heineman (02-23-1990. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Bonn, Bonn Germany.

W.R. Heineman (03-02-1990. )Polymer Modified Electrodes: Networks Formed by Crosslinking with Gamma Irradiation .University of Bonn,

W.R. Heineman (03-05-1990. ) Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical .Case Western Reserve University,

W.R. Heineman (03-13-1990. )Polymer Modified Electrodes: Networks Formed by Crosslinking with Gamma Irradiation .Westfalische Wilhelms University,, Munster.

W.R. Heineman (03-22-1990. )Polymer Modified Electrodes: Networks Formed by Crosslinking with Gamma Irradiation .Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf.

W.R. Heineman (04-17-1990. ) Polymer Modified Electrodes: Networks Formed by Crosslinking with Gamma Irradiation .Karl Marx University, Leipzig.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, S. H. Jenkins, Y. Xu, and H. T. Tang (04-27-1990. )Electrochemical Immunoassay .Symposium on LCEC, Tokyo Institute of Technology.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, S. H. Jenkins, Y. Xu, and H. T. Tang (05-1990. )Electrochemical Immunoassay .Symposium on Affinity Sensors, Biosensors '90, Singapore.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, S. H. Jenkins, Y. Xu, and H. T. Tang (05-07-1990. )Immunoassay with Detection by LCEC and FIAEC .Symposia on From the Living Cell to the Electrochemical Cell, Melbourne, Australia.

. W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, S. H. Jenkins, Y. Xu, and H. T. Tang. (06-1990. )Immunoassay with Detection by LCEC and FIAEC .Analysdagarna 1990, Lund, Sweden.

W.R. Heineman (06-14-1990. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Free University of Berlin, Berlin Germany.

W.R. Heineman (06-26-1990. )Polymer Modified Electrodes: Networks Formed by Crosslinking with Gamma Irradiation .University of Freiburg,

W.R. Heineman (06-28-1990. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Tübingen, Wuertemberg Germany.

W. R. Heineman (08-1990. )Primer on Electrochemical Theory and Spectroelectrochemistry .Tutorial on Organometallic Electrochemistry, 200th ACS National Meeting, Washington, DC.

W. R. Heineman*, R. C. Elder, D. H. Igo, L. R. Sharpe (08-1990. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry of Metal Complexes in Polymer Films on Electrode Surfaces .1990 Division of Analytical Chemistry Award in Electrochemistry Symposium Honoring Royce W. Murray, Washington, DC.

W. R. Heineman*, J. L. Martin, Jr., K. Abbaspour, C. L. Lunte, E. A. Deutsch, R. C. Elder (08-1990. )Electrochemical Generation of Technetium Methylene Diphosphonate Complexes .Symposium on Organometallic Electrochemistry. 200th ACS National Meeting, Washington, DC.

W. R. Heineman (08-31-1990. )Spectroelectrochemistry: From Minigrids to EXAFS .Thirty Years of Quality Research and Education in Chemistry: A Symposium to Honor Professor Royce W. Murray on his 30th Anniversary with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

W. R. Heineman*, K. Hajizadeh, R. S. Tieman, K. L. Rauen, and L. A. Coury (09-1990. )Sensors Based on Polymeric Networks Formed by Gamma Radiation Cross linking .Third International Meeting on Chemical Sensors,, Cleveland, OH.

W.R. Heineman (09-20-1990. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .University of Dayton, Dayton Ohio.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, Y. Xu (10-1990. )LCEC and FIAEC in Immunoassay .FACSS XVII, Cleveland, OH.

W.R. Heineman (11-15-1990. )Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes: Studies of Inorganic and Biological Systems .Grinnell College, Grinnell Iowa.

W. R. Heineman*, K. Hajizadeh, L. A. Coury, Jr. (04-1991. )Biosensor Selectivity by Gamma Radiation Crosslinked Polymers. .Symposium on Biosensors: Novel Applications of Polymeric Materials. Atlanta ACS Meeting, Atlanta, GA.

W. R. Heineman. (04-26-1991. )Electrochemical Biosensors .Symposium on Ohio at the Forefront of Materials Research. The Ohio Academy of Science Centennial Symposia, Columbus, OH.

W.R. Heineman (05-07-1991. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical .Searle Research and Development,

W.R. Heineman (06-03-1991. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical .Gesellschaft für Biotechnologische Forschung,, Braunschweig, Germany.

W.R. Heineman (06-04-1991. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical .Central Institute of Molecular Biology, Academy of Sciences of the GDR,, Berlin.

W.R. Heineman (07-1991. )Ultrasensitive Electrochemical Immunosensors .Gordon Research Conference on Bioanalytical Sensors,

W.R. Heineman (10-01-1991. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical .Amy Mellon Lecture, Purdue University .

W.R. Heineman (11-06-1991. )Sensor Selectivity by Polymers Immobilized by Crosslinking with Gamma Radiation .NASA In Situ Sensors Technology Review at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA.

W.R. Heineman (11-14-1991. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical .General Electric Corporate Research & Development Center,

W.R. Heineman (02-26-1992. )Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical .University of Toledo,

W. R. Heineman* and H. B. Halsall (03-1992. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Accomplishments and Prospects .Symposium on Back to the Future: New Horizons in Electroanalytical Methods and Materials, New Orleans.

H. B. Halsall* and W. R. Heineman (05-1992. )Microdialysis and Ultrafiltration in Capillary Electrochemical Immunoassay .The Second World Congress on Biosensors, Geneva, Switzerland.

W. R. Heineman*, R. S. Tieman and K. L. Rauen (05-1992. )Solid State Electrochemical Sensors Based on Ionically Conducting Polymer Networks .Symposium on Advances in Chemical Sensors, 24th Central Regional Meeting, Cincinnati.

W.R. Heineman (05-11-1992. ) Polymer Modified Electrodes: Networks Formed by Crosslinking with Gamma Irradiation .University of Venice, Italy.

W.R. Heineman (05-15-1992. ) Strategies for Immunoassay with Electrochemical .University of Rome (La Sapienza), ,

W. R. Heineman* and H. B. Halsall (06-1992. )Biochemical Sensors .1992 Solid State Sensor and Actuator Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC.

W. R. Heineman (07-1992. )Biosensor Based on Polymer Networks Formed by Gamma Irradiation Cross Linking .U.S./Japan Seminar on Microfabrication and Biosensors, Anchorage, AK.

W. R. Heineman (07-1992. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Subattomole Detection Limit and Microdialysis Capillary Immunoassay .U.S./Japan Seminar on Microfabrication and Biosensors, Anchorage, AK.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall (08-1992. )Electrochemical Immunoassays/Biosensors .21st FEBS Meeting, Dublin, Ireland.

W. R. Heineman*, K. Hajizadeh, R. S. Tieman, K. L. Rauen, L. A. Coury, Jr (09-1992. )Electroanalysis with Polymer Network Coated Electrodes .Conference on Analytical Chemistry, Leipzig.

W. R. Heineman* and H. B. Halsall (11-1992. )High Sensitivity Enzyme Linked Immunoassays Using Electrochemical Detection. .Symposium on New Approaches to Critical Analytical Problems in the Food Industry. International Food Technology Exposition and Conference, The Hague, The Netherlands.

William R. Heineman (12-1992. )Biosensors with Polymer Networks Formed by Gamma Radiation Cross–Linking .Symposium on New Instrumentation and Sensors, 3rd Eurasia Conference on Chemical Sciences, Bangkok, Thailand.

W.R. Heineman (01-1993. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Gordon Research Conference on Electrochemistry, Ventura, CA.

W.R. Heineman (02-10-1993. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .College of Wooster,

W. R. Heineman*, B. H. Swaile, E. A. Blubaugh, D. A. Landis, C. J. Seliskar, E. Deutsch (03-1993. )Chemical Sensors for Radiopharmaceutical Imaging Agents .Topical Symposium on the Behavior and Utilization of Technetium ‘93, Sendai, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (03-19-1993. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Tohoku University,, Sendai, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (04-09-1993. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Wright State University,

W.R. Heineman (04-20-1993. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Texas A&M University,

W. R. Heineman*, B. H. Swaile, E. A. Blubaugh and C. J. Seliskar (05-1993. )Electrochemical Sensors for Radiopharmaceutical Imaging Agents: Nafion Gel Modified Electrodes .Symposium on Chemical Sensors, 183rd Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Honolulu, Hawaii.

William R. Heineman (09-1993. )Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors .44th Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry, Berlin, Germany.

W.R. Heineman (09-14-1993. ) Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .University of Stockholm,

W.R. Heineman (09-15-1993. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Lund University,

W.R. Heineman (09-29-1993. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Miles, Inc., Diagnostics Division, , Elkhart, IN.

W.R. Heineman (10-14-1993. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .University of New Hampshire,

W.R. Heineman (10-27-1993. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Indiana University,

W. R. Heineman*, B. H. Swaile, E. A. Blubaugh, Y. Deng, B. L. Ramos, C. J. Seliskar, E. Deutsch (11-1993. )Electrochemical Sensors for Imaging Agents in Nuclear Medicine .In Symposium on Electrochemical–Based Sensors and Probes, Eastern Analytical Symposium, Somerset, NJ.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, S. H. Jenkins (03-1994. )Capillary Enzyme Immunoassay of Proteins: Zeptomole Detection Limits .San Diego ACS Meeting, San Diego, CA.

W. R. Heineman (03-1994. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .The University of North Carolina Bicentennial Symposium,

W. R. Heineman (06-22-1994. )Capillary Enzyme Immunoassay with Detection by FIA-EC .Ohio Valley Chromatography Symposium,

W.R. Heineman (07-29-1994. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Strategic Diagnostics,, Newark, DE.

W. R. Heineman (09-1994. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .25 Reunion Bienal Real Sociedad Espanola de Quimica, Vitoria-Gastiez, Spain.

W.R. Heineman (09-23-1994. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Research Center of Julich, , Julich, Germany.

W.R. Heineman (09-30-1994. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .University of Alcala,, Madrid, Spain.

W.R. Heineman (10-04-1994. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Universidad de Extremadura, , Badajoz, Spain.

W.R. Heineman (10-17-1994. ) Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .University of Puerto Rico, , Rio Piedras.

W.R. Heineman (10-28-1994. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Berea College, , Berea, Kentucky.

W.R. Heineman (03-24-1995. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,

W. R. Heineman (04-1995. )Polymer Membranes for Improving Selectivity and Sensitivity of Biosensors .International Conference on Biofunctional Membranes, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.

W. R. Heineman*, K. Yu, and H. B. Halsall (08-1995. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Preconcentration Techniques in the Symposium on Frontiers in Electrochemistry .Chicago ACS Meeting, Chicago, IL.

W. R. Heineman (08-1995. )Electrochemical Sensors: Strategies for Improving Selectivity and Sensitivity .International Society of Electrochemistry 46th Annual Meeting, Xiamen, China.

W.R. Heineman (09-04-1995. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, China,

W.R. Heineman (09-27-1995. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Austin Peay University,

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, K. Yu, T. Jiang (10-1995. )Electrochemical Capillary Immunoassay .The 22nd Annual Conference of the Federation of Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy Societies (FACSS), Cincinnati, OH.

W.R. Heineman (10-02-1995. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee,

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, K. Yu, T. Jiang (11-1995. )Immunoassay With Electrochemical Detection .Thirty-Fourth Annual Eastern Analytical Symposium, Somerset, NJ.

W. R. Heineman*, S. Branch, A. Crawford, S. A. Bryan (04-12-2015. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Detecting Technetium in Stored Nuclear Waste and the Environment .Methods & Applications of Radioanalytical Chemistry, Kailua-Kona, HI.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall (12-1995. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Prospects for the Future .1995 International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies (Pacifichem), Honolulu, HI.

W.R. Heineman (01-26-1996. )Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .Cleveland State University,

W.R. Heineman (02-09-1996. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .University of Missouri-Columbia,

W. R. Heineman*, C. J. Seliskar, M. T. Lee, A. J. McGoron, B. H. Swaile, Y. Deng (03-1996. )Microelectrode Sensor for In Vivo Measurement of Heart Imaging Agents .Pittcon '96, Chicago, IL.

W.R. Heineman (03-13-1996. )Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .Furman University,

W.R. Heineman (03-14-1996. )Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .Clemson University,

W.R. Heineman (04-11-1996. )Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .Wake Forest University,

W.R. Heineman (04-25-1996. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Cincinnati ACS, Analytical Discussion Group,, Northern Kentucky Univ.

W. R. Heineman*, T. Wang, D. Zhao, Z. Dong (08-16-2015. )Transdermal Hydrogen Sensing for Monitoring Biodegradable Magnesium Biomedical Implants in the 2015 ACS Analytical Division Award Symposium .250th American Chemical Society National Meeting & Exposition, Boston, MA.

W. R. Heineman (07-1996. )Sensors for Bioanalysis .Gordon Research Conference on Chemical Sensors and Interfacial Design, New London, NH.

W. R. Heineman*, H. Brian Halsall (09-1996. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Euroanalysis IX, Bologna, Italy.

W.R. Heineman (09-25-1996. )Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .Potsdam University,

W.R. Heineman (09-26-1996. )Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .Leipzig University,

W.R. Heineman (09-27-1996. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Freiberg University,

W.R. Heineman (10-15-1996. )Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .

W.R. Heineman (10-15-1996. )Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .Bonn University,

W.R. Heineman (10-18-1996. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .University of Libre,, Bruselles.

W.R. Heineman (10-23-1996. ) Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .Heidelberg University,

W.R. Heineman (11-21-1996. )Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .The University of Michigan,

W.R. Heineman (12-11-1996. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .MediSense, Boston,

W.R. Heineman (02-07-1997. )Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .Louisiana State University,

W.R. Heineman (03-31-1997. )Radiopharmaceuticals: Chromatography, Electrochemistry and Chemical Sensors .University of Washington,

W.R. Heineman (04-1997. )Electrochemical Biosensors .213th ACS National Meeting, Symposium on Biosensing and Biosensors: Chemistry, Recognition, and Process Control. Plenary Session II: Topical Reviews, San Francisco, CA.

W. R. Heineman*, H.B. Halsall, Y. Ding, H. Gao, J. Zhang, M. Cousino, F. Hayes, H. Yao (04-1997. )Progress in Electrochemical Immunoassays .213th ACS National Meeting,Symposium on Electrochemical Biosensors, San Francisco, CA.

M. T. B. Lee, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, A. J. McGoron (04-1997. )Electrochemical Sensors for In Vivo Monitoring .213th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

W. R. Heineman*, M. T. Lee-Alverez, A. J. McGoron, C. J. Seliskar (05-1997. )Microelectrode Sensors for In Vivo Detection of Radiopharmaceuticals .191st Electrochemical Society Meeting, May 4-9, 1997, in the Symposium on Immuno and Bio-Sensors, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

A. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (08-1997. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device . The 1997 Joint ECS/ISE International Meeting, , Paris, .

W. R. Heineman (08-1997. )Electrochemical Biosensors, in the Symposium on Medical Diagnostic Reagents Electrochemical Biosensing Systems .216th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA.

W.R. Heineman (08-14-1997. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .Bioanalytical Systems (BAS), ,

W. R. Heineman (10-1997. )Electrochemical Sensors: Strategies for Improving Selectivity and Sensitivity .The Seventh National Symposium on Chemical Sensors, China.

W.R. Heineman (11-20-1997. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst,

W.R. Heineman (11-21-1997. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Duquesne University,

W.R. Heineman (12-08-1997. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Bayer Corp,

W.R. Heineman (04-09-1998. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .Case Western Reserve University,

W. R. Heineman*, A. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, M. Maizels, S. Ross, M. Stegemiller, M. Clager, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar (06-1998. )Novel Sensor Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Analysdagarna, Uppsala Universitet, , Sweden.

W. R. Heineman (06-1998. )Strategies for New Chemical Sensors .Analysdagarna, Uppsala Universitet, Sweden.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, M. Cousino, A. Wijayawardhana, S. Purushothama, Y. Ding, J. W. Choi, C. Ahn, T. Henderson (09-1998. )Electrochemical Immunoassay with Microfluidic Systems .Pre-satellite Symposium of the 49th ISE Meeting on the New Trends in Electroanalytical Chemistry, Seoul, Korea.

W. R. Heineman (09-1998. )Hybrid Electrochemistry Experiments for Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis Laboratory . ISE 49th Annual Meeting, Kitakyushu, Japan.

W. R. Heineman*, A. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, Z. Hu, M. Maizels, M. Clager, S. Ross, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway (09-1998. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor with Multimode Selectivity .ISE 49th Annual Meeting, Kitakyushu, Japan.

W.R. Heineman (09-28-1998. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

W. R. Heineman*, A. F. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, Z. Hu, M. Maizels, M. R. Clager, S. E. Ross, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway (10-1998. )Novel Sensor Based on Spectroelectrochemistry and Modified Electrodes in the Symposium on Practices and Advances in Voltammetry I .FACSS ‘98, Austin, TX.

W.R. Heineman (10-30-1998. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .University of Evansville,

W.R. Heineman (12-1998. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .Pacific Northwest National Laboratory,

W.R. Heineman (03-15-1999. )Analytical Chemistry in the Next Millennium .Annual Philip Morris Companies Analytical Workshop , Skokie, IL.

C. Ahn, T. Henderson, S. Bhansali, K. Schlueter, W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall (07-1999. )A Generic Microfluidic System for Remote Sensors .DARPA Microflumes PI Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, T. H. Ridgway, M. Cousino, A. Wijayawardhana, S. Purushothama, S. Kradtap, J-W. Choi, C. Lannes, J. Nevin, C. Ahn, T. Henderson (08-1999. )Immunoassay with Novel Electrochemical Detection Methods in the Symposium on Frontiers in Chemical Instrumentation .218th ACS Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar (08-1999. )Strategies for Achieving Selectivity in Chemical Sensors in the Symposium on Distinguished Service in the Advancement of Analytical Chemistry .218th ACS Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

C. J. Seliskar*, A. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, M. Maizels, S. Ross, M. Stegemiller, T. H. Ridgway, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan (08-1999. )Novel Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Ferrocyanide in Hanford Waste Simulant .218th ACS Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

W.R. Heineman (09-03-1999. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,

W.R. Heineman (09-09-1999. ) Analytical Chemistry in the Next Millennium .Lexington Section of the American Chemical Society, KY,

W.R. Heineman (09-23-1999. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .University of Pittsburgh,

W.R. Heineman (09-24-1999. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .University of New Mexico,

W.R. Heineman (09-30-1999. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .Miami University (Oxford),

W.R. Heineman*, A. Wijayawardhana, H.B. Halsall, M. Cousino, S. Purushothama, S. Kradtap, K. Schlueter, T.H. Ridgway, J W. Choi, S. Bhansali, C. Lannes, J.H. Nevin (10-1999. )Immunoassay with Magnetic Beads and Electrochemical Detection .In the Symposium on Electroorganic and Electroanalytical Aspects of Environmental Chemistry. Electrochemical Society Meeting, Honolulu, HI.

W.R. Heineman (10-05-1999. )Analytical Chemistry in the Next Millennium .Indiana State University,

W.R. Heineman (11-1999. )Collaborative Projects for Teaching Research: Pros and Cons .In the Symposium on New Directions in Chemistry Education: A Tribute to Galen Wood Ewing. Eastern Analytical Symposium, Somerset, NJ.

W.R. Heineman (11-01-1999. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .Northwestern University,

W.R. Heineman (11-11-1999. ) Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .The College of Wooster,

W.R. Heineman (11-12-1999. )Bio MEMS Electrochemical Immunoassay . In the Symposium on Micromachine & Microtechnology: Bio-Medical Prospects. Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH.

W.R. Heineman (11-17-1999. ) Electrochemical Immunoassay: Zeptomole Detection Limits .IDEXX,

W. R. Heineman (03-2000. )Biomems: Electrochemical Immunoassay with a Microfluidic System in the International Symposium on Prospects of Bioelectrochemistry in the 21st Century .Kyoto, Japan.

A. Wijayawardhana, S. Purushothama, S. Kradtap, K. Schlueter, H. B. Halsall, T. H. Ridgway, W. R. Heineman*, J-W. Choi, C. Lannes, A. Helmicki, J. Nevin, C. Ahn, T. Henderson (03-2000. )Biomems Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .In the Symposium on Immunochemical Methods for the 21st Century: Immunochemistry Summit VIII. 219th ACS Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

W.R. Heineman (03-01-2000. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .Butler University,

W.R. Heineman (04-12-2000. )Analytical Chemistry in the Next Millennium .Hercules Inc,

W. R. Heineman (04-12-2000. )Analytical Chemistry: A Look in to the Future at the 12th Annual Hercules Analytical Science Symposium .

W. R. Heineman (04-14-2000. )Biomems: Electrochemical Immunoassay with a Microfluidic System in the Symposium on Future Directions of Electroanalytical Chemistry .Juelich, Germany.

W.R. Heineman (04-14-2000. ) Electrochemical Immunoassay with a Microfluidic System .Texas Tech University,

W.R. Heineman (04-21-2000. )Electrochemical Immunoassay with a Microfluidic System .Ohio University,

W. R. Heineman (04-29-2000. )Strategies for New Chemical Sensors in the Sensor Technology for the New Millenium Symposium .University of Pittsburgh,

Leland C. Clark, Jr. given by W. R. Heineman (05-2000. )When Invention was the Father of Necessity .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting, Covington, KY.

W. R. Heineman (06-2000. )Strategies for New Chemical Sensors .3rd Mediterranean Basin Conference on Analytical Chemistry (MBCAC III), Antalya, Turkey.

W. R. Heineman (06-16-2000. )BioMEMS: Electrochemical Immunoassay with a Microfluidic System in the Symposium on New Trends in Analytical Chemistry .Research Center Juelich, Juelich, Germany.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, A. Wijayawardhana, S. Purushothama, S. Kradtap, J. Hodges-Thomas, K. Schlueter, T. H. Ridgway, S. Dharmatilleke, J. W. Choi, C. Lannes, S. Bhansali, C. Ahn, T. H. Henderson, J. H. Nevin (09-2000. )Biomems: Electrochemical Immunoassay with a Microfluidic System .Euroanalysis XI, Lisbon, Portugal.

W. R. Heineman (09-2000. )Chemical Sensors for Monitoring during Stewardship, Post Closure Stewardship Technology Needs Meeting .University of Cincinnati,

W.R. Heineman (09-26-2000. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .University of Missouri, Columbia.

W.R. Heineman (09-28-2000. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .University of Tennessee,

W.R. Heineman (09-29-2000. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .Oak Ridge National Laboratory,

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar (10-2000. )Electrochemical Sensors for Medicine in the Symposium on Electrochemistry and Solid-State Science and Technology in the Service of Medicine .The 198th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Inc, Phoenix, AZ.

W.R. Heineman (10-06-2000. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .University of Wyoming,

W.R. Heineman (03-22-2001. ) New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .New Mexico State University,

W.R. Heineman (03-30-2001. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .Western Kentucky University,

W.R. Heineman (05-16-2001. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .University of Dayton Research Inst,

W. R. Heineman*, J. H. Thomas, C. A. Wijayawardhana, H. B. Halsall, T. H. Ridgway, J-W. Choi, C. Ahn, S Dharmatilleke, P. Medis, T. H. Henderson (08-2001. )Biomems: Electrochemical Immunoassay with A Microfluidic System in the Symposium on New Trends in Electrochemical Sensing Based on Bio- and Biomimetric Affinities .IUPAC Int’l Congress on Analytical Sciences 2001, Waseda University, Tokyo.

W. R. Heineman*, C. A. Wijayawardhana, H. B. Halsall, G. Wittstock (08-2001. )SECM of Antibody Immobilized on Magnetic Beads in the Symposium on Advanced Imaging Technology for Bioscience .IUPAC Int’l Congress on Analytical Sciences 2001, Waseda University, Tokyo.

W. R. Heineman (08-2001. )Sensors: Significant Developments in Selectivity .Symposium on Analytical Chemistry: 125 Years and going Strong at the ACS 222nd National Meeting, Chicago, IL.

W. R. Heineman (08-2001. )Collaborative Projects as a Means of Teaching Research in the Awards Symposium, Division of Analytical Chemistry .ACS 222nd National Meeting, Chicago, IL.

W. R. Heineman*, M. Maizels, M. Stegemiller, J. DiVirgilio Thomas, S. Ross, T. Rarog, S. Conklin, J. Wherley, I. Zudans, D. Monk, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan, T. L. Hubler (08-2001. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Ferrocyanide and Technetium in the Symposium on Environmental Management Science Program: Analytical and Sensing Techniques .ACS 222nd National Meeting, Chicago, IL.

W.R. Heineman (08-12-2001. )Microscale Analytical Systems .NTT Lifestyle and Environmental Technology Laboratories, Japan.

S. Ross, C. Seliskar, W. Heineman*, S. Aryol, J. Nevin (09-2001. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device. Characterization of a Channel Waveguide in the Symposium on Chemical and Biological Sensors and Analytical Methods .2001 Joint International Meeting of the Electrochemical Society and the International Society of Electrochemistry, San Francisco, CA.

W.R. Heineman (09-27-2001. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .Dept. of Chemical Engineering, UC.

W. R. Heineman (10-2001. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensors .40th Eastern Analytical Symposium & Exposition, Atlantic City, NJ.

W. R. Heineman*, M. Maizels, M. Stegemiller, D. Monk, T. Rarog, S. Conklin, J. Wherley, I. Zudans, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan, T. L. Hubler (10-2001. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Ferrocyanide and Technetium .Twelfth Symposium on Separation Science & Technology for Energy Applications, Gatlinburg, TN.

W.R. Heineman (11-02-2001. )Electrochemical Immunoassay with a Microfluidic System .University of Wyoming,

W.R. Heineman (11-28-2001. ) New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .Berea College,

W.R. Heineman (11-29-2001. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .Eastern Kentucky University,

W.R. Heineman (02-18-2002. )Chemical Sensors: Why They are Important to You .William J. Probst Memorial Lecture, Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville.

W.R. Heineman (02-19-2002. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .William J. Probst Memorial Lecture, Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville.

W.R. Heineman (02-19-2002. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .St. Louis University,

W. R. Heineman (03-2002. )Design and Development of a New Hybrid Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .Pittcon 2002, New Orleans, LA.

W.R. Heineman (04-19-2002. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .Southern Illinois University at Carbondale,

W. R. Heineman (05-2002. )Spectroelectrochemistry at Optically Transparent Electrodes: An Historical Perspective .Symposium on Progress in Methods Used to Solve Electrochemical Problems: Part 1-Historical Perspectives, 201st ECS Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.

W. R. Heineman*, M. Stegemiller, M. Maizels, J. DiVirgilio-Thomas, T. Rarog, S. Conklin, J. Paddock, I. Zudans, D. Monk, T. Ridgway, C. Seliskar, S. Bryan, T. Hubler (05-2002. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Symposium on Progress in Methods Used to Solve Electrochemical Problems: Part 3-New Developments in Optical Methods, 201st ECS Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.

W. R. Heineman*, T. Rarog, S. D. Conklin, J. R. Paddock, I. Zudans, D. J. Monk, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar (05-2002. )Development of a New Hybrid Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .Symposium on Microbiosensors and Microarrays, Fifth Workshop on Biosensors and Biological Techniques in Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

W. R. Heineman*, T. Rarog, S. D. Conklin, J. R. Paddock, I. Zudans, D. J. Monk, T.H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar (07-2002. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Interact 2002, Sydney, Australia.

W. R. Heineman*, M. L. Stegemiller, S. E. Ross, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar (09-2002. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensing: Miniaturized Sensors .53rd Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry, Dusseldorf, Germany.

W. Heineman*, S. Farrell, N. J. Ronkainen-Matsuno, J. H. Thomas, H. B. Halsall (11-2002. )Immunoassay in a Single Drop with Microelectrode Detection .the 2002 Benedetti-Pichler Award Symposium, Honoring Fred M. Hawkridge, 41st Eastern Analytical Symposium, Somerset, NJ.

W.R. Heineman (01-29-2003. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .University of California, Riverside,

W.R Heineman (02-11-2003. )Electrochemical Sensors: Materials and Microfabrication .Case Western Reserve University,

W.R. Heineman (02-12-2003. )Miniature Immunosensor Systems Based on Microfabrication Technology for Rapid Detection of Biological Agents .the Eltech Lecture, Case Western Reserve University.

W.R Heineman (02-13-2003. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Case Western Reserve University,

W. R. Heineman*, S. Farrell, N. J. Ronkainen-Matsuno, J. H. Thomas, H. B. Halsall (03-2003. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Pushing Down the Limit of Detection with Microsystems in the symposium on Bioanalytical Microsystems: Integration of Microfabrication and Detection at the Molecular Level .Pittcon 2003, Orlando, FL.

W.R Heineman (04-04-2003. ) Miniature Immunosensor Systems for Rapid Detection of Biological Agents .The University of Memphis,

W.R Heineman (04-11-2003. )Miniature Immunosensor Systems for Rapid Detection of Biological Agents .Louisiana State University,

W.R Heineman (04-24-2003. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Michigan State University,

W. R. Heineman (11-2003. )Microbead Immunoassays for Biological Agents .the Eastern Analytical Symposium Award for Achievements in the Fields of Analytical Chemistry, Honoring William R. Heineman. Analytical Sciences: Research in Some of its Multiple Fields, Eastern Analytical Symposium, Somerset, NJ.

W.R Heineman (02-10-2004. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .University of Maryland, Baltimore County,

W.R Heineman (02-23-2004. )Miniature Immunosensor Systems for Rapid Detection of Biological Agents .Clermont College, UC,

H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, G. Wittstock, C. A. Wijayawardhana (03-2004. )Immunomagnetic Micro-immunoassays with Electrochemical Detection .the symposium on Recent Advances in the Use of Magnetic Fields in Small-Scale Chemistry, 227th ACS National Meeting, Anaheim, CA, .

C. J. Seliskar*, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan, T. L. Hubler, N. Kaval (03-2004. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensors based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device .the symposium on Analytical Chemistry in Nuclear Technology Developments in Sensor Technology, 227th ACS National Meeting, Anaheim, CA.

W.R Heineman (03-04-2004. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Hope College,

W.R Heineman (06-22-2004. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Procter & Gamble,

W.R Heineman (03-07-2005. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Kalamazoo College,

W.R Heineman (03-17-2005. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Kent State University,

W.R. Heineman (01-26-2006. )Detection of Biological Agents .Central State University,

W.R. Heineman (02-03-2006. )Detection of Biological Agents .Michigan Technological University,

W.R. Heineman (02-09-2006. )Detection of Biological Agents .Hampton University,

W.R. Heineman (02-10-2006. )Detection of Biological Agents .Hampden-Sydney College,

W.R. Heineman (03-31-2006. )Detection of Biological Agents .Messiah College,

W.R. Heineman (11-15-2006. )Detection of Biological Agents .Indiana-Kentucky Border Section American Chemical Society/Ohio Valley Analytical Forum, Evansville, IN.

W.R Heineman (12-08-2006. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Lund University, , Lund, Sweden.

W.R Heineman (08-07-2007. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Hong Kong University of Science & Technology,

W.R Heineman (08-10-2007. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Fudan University,

W.R Heineman (08-13-2007. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Peking University,

W.R Heineman (11-05-2007. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .University of Arkansas, Fulbright College,

W.R Heineman (11-14-2007. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis,

W.R. Heineman (11-16-2007. ) Chemical Sensors: Why They are Important to You .Huntington University,

W. R. Heineman (01-23-2008. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Northern Kentucky University.

W. R. Heineman (02-22-2008. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .The State University of New York, Buffalo.

W. R. Heineman (04-18-2008. )Chemical Sensors: Why They are Important to You .Shawnee State University.

W. R. Heineman (05-01-2008. )Chemical Sensors: Why They are Important to You .Grinnell College.

W. R. Heineman (05-02-2008. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .University of Iowa.

W. R. Heineman (09-12-2008. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

W. R. Heineman (09-16-2008. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Indiana University.

W. R. Heineman (11-18-2008. )Chemical Sensors Research .University of Cincinnati Board of Trustees.

W. R. Heineman (02-19-2009. )Detection of Biological Agents .Franklin College.

W. R. Heineman*, A. Jurkevica, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar (04-06-2008. )Detecting Pathogens in Water by Electrochemical Immunoassay .235th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

W. R. Heineman (04-09-2008. )Immunosensors Based on Nanoscale Electrodes .Ohio Nanotechnology Summit 2008, Cincinnati, OH.

W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall (05-18-2008. )Pathogen Immunoassays with Paramagnetic Microbeads and Electrochemical Detection in the Symposium on Exploiting Magnets and Magnetic Fields in Electrochemical Systems and Devices: Magnetoconvection, Fluid Flow, and Analytical Applications with Magnets .213th ECS Meeting, Phoenix, AZ.

T. Pinyayev, L. Morris, S. Andria, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-08-2009. )(617) Spectroelectrochemical Sensors with Fluorescence Detection in the Symposium on Novel Methods of Optical Sensing .Pittcon 2009, Chicago, IL.

W. R. Heineman*, C. J. Seliskar, T. S. Pinyayev, R. A. Wilson, L. K. Morris, S. A. Bryan (05-24-2009. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor: Development and Applications in the Symposium on Biosensors and Spectroelectrochemistry .215th ECS Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

W. R. Heineman, T. S. Pinyayev, R. A. Wilson, C. J. Seliskar (05-24-2009. )Spectroelectrochemical Detection of PAH Biomarkers 1-Hydroxypyrene and 1-Hydroxypyreneglucuronide in the Symposium on Sensors-Detection .215th ECS Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

W. R. Heineman*, A. Doepke, X. Guo, A. Kulkarni, S. Iyer, H. B. Halsall (05-24-2009. )Electrochemical Techniques for Detecting Pathogens in the Symposium on Assays: Molecular Recognition, Novel Electrochemical Methods .215th ECS Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

W. R. Heineman (10-02-2009. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .University of Louisville.

W. R. Heineman (10-28-2010. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Southern Illinois University-Carbondale. Other Institution. .Level:Department

W. R. Heineman (04-09-2010. )Detection of Biological Agents .College of Mount St. Joseph.

W. R. Heineman (11-12-2010. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Florida International University. Other Institution. .Level:Department

W. R. Heineman (01-12-2010. )Sensors: Diagnostics & Current Research .Mini-Symposium on Nanoscale Science and Engineering in Medicine, University of Cincinnati.

W. R. Heineman (02-06-2010. )Chemical Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .2nd Annual Workshop on Electrochemistry, Mechanistic Electrochemistry and Electroanalysis, Center for Electrochemistry at the University of Texas at Austin.

W. R. Heineman*, C. J. Seliskar, J. A. Lynch, R. N. Andrews (02-28-2010. )Sol-Gel Derived Thin Films for Spectroelectrochemical Sensors in the Symposium on Sol-Gel Materials for Chemical Analysis .Pittcon 2010, Orlando, FL.

W. R. Heineman*, A. Doepke, X. Guo, J. Kuhlmann, H. B. Halsall (03-07-2010. )The Role of Sensors in Developing Biodegradable Implants .McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, 9th Annual Scientific Retreat, Woodlands Resort, Pittsburgh, PA.

S. Chatterjee*, M. K. Edwards, S. A. Bryan, J. A. Krause, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-21-2010. )Spectroelectrochemistry of Rhenium Surrogates: Toward Spectroelectrochemical Detection of Pertechnetate in the Symposium on Analytical Chemistry in Nuclear Technology: Developments in Radiochemistry and Nuclear Counting Techniques .239th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

W. R. Heineman*, T. Pinyayev, C. J. Seliskar (04-25-2010. )Fluorescence Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for 1-Hydroxypyrene, a Biomarker for PAH Exposure in the Symposium on Electrochemistry in Medicine and Biomedical Applications – Biomarkers .217th ECS Meeting, Vancouver, Canada.

W. R. Heineman*, R. A. Wilson, S. E. Andria, C. J. Seliskar (08-22-2010. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensors: A Strategy for Improved Selectivity in the Symposium on A Half-Century at the Crossroads of Chemistry: Symposium in Honor of Royce Murrays 50 Years at Carolina Look Where the Crossroads Led Us .240th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA.

W. R. Heineman*, C. J. Seliskar, H. Kuramitz (09-26-2010. )Spectroelectrochemistry as a Strategy for Improving Selectivity of Biosensors .The 61st ISE Meeting, Nice, France.

W. R. Heineman (01-13-2011. )New Strategies for Chemical Sensors .American Chemical Society, Cincinnati Section. Level:Local

W. R. Heineman (02-04-2011. )Detection of Biological Agents .Center for Geospatial Information & Environmental Sensor Networks, University of Cincinnati. Level:Department

W. R. Heineman (02-10-2011. )Detection of Biological Agents .DePauw University,

W. R. Heineman (05-04-2011. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Colorado State University,

W. R. Heineman (03-10-2011. )What Does the Next Generation of Chemistry Offer? .Sigma Xi, University of Cincinnati.

W. R. Heineman*, C. J. Seliskar (03-27-2011. )Using Spectroelectrochemistry to Improve Sensor Selectivity .241st ACS National Meeting, Anaheim, CA.

W. R. Heineman (08-28-2011. )Spectroelectrochemistry: From Thin Layer Cells to Sensors .242nd ACS National Meeting, Denver, CO.

W. R. Heineman (09-30-2011. )(642) Membranes: Key Components in Chemical and Biosensors .Cincinnati, OH.

W. R. Heineman (01-26-2012. )Detection of Biological Agents .Ball State University,

W. R. Heineman (01-27-2012. )Detection of Biological Agents .Butler University,

W. R. Heineman (03-04-2012. )Hydrogen Measurements in Gas Cavities around Corroding Magnesium Alloy Implants .McGowan Institute Retreat, Farmington, PA.

W. R. Heineman (10-08-2013. )Chemical Sensors: Why They are Important to You .Kenyon College,

W. R. Heineman (10-18-2013. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Department of Biomedical, Chemical, and Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering,

W. R. Heineman (10-22-2013. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Molecular Genetics, Biochemistry & Microbiology Dept., College of Medicine, UC,

W. R. Heineman (11-01-2013. )Chemical Sensors: Why They are Important to You .Indiana Purdue University Fort Wayne,

W. R. Heineman (03-17-2013. )Key Developments in Electroanalytical Chemistry: Spectroelectrochemistry of Redox Proteins and Electrochemical Immunoassay in the SEAC – Pivotal Ideas in Electroanalysis Symposium .Pittcon 2013, Philadelphia, PA.

W. R. Heineman*, E. A. Abu, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan (04-07-2013. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Detecting Metal Ions in Harsh Environments .245th American Chemical Society National Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

W. R. Heineman (09-08-2013. )Pivotal Advances in Electroanalytical Chemistry in the Symposium on 75 Years of Analytical Chemistry .246th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Indianapolis, IN.

W. R. Heineman (09-22-2013. )Sensors Innovations for Biodegradable Implants in the Symposium on Revolutionizing Metallic Biomaterials for Biodegradable Implants .8th International Conference on Surfaces, Coatings and NanoStructured Materials (NANOSMART), Granada, Spain.

W. R. Heineman*, S. Bryan (09-29-2013. )Spectroelectrochemistry as a Strategy for Improving Sensor Selectivity in the ACS Analytical Chemistry Division Award in Chemical Instrumentation Honoring Charles Wilkins .40th Annual Analytical Chemistry Meeting of FACSS, SciX, Milwaukee, WI.

W. R. Heineman (02-07-2014. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH.

W. R. Heineman*, J. Kuhlmann, X. Guo, A. Doepke, T. Wang, K. Ojo, R. T. Voorhees, S. K. Pixley, S. Dong, V. N. Shanov, F. Witte (03-02-2014. )Electrochemical Sensors for Developing Biodegradable Implants .Pittcon 2014, Chicago, IL. Professional Meeting. .

W. R. Heineman*, L. K. Morris, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan (09-22-2014. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensors: New Polymer Films for Improved Sensitivity .SPIE Security & Defence Conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

W. R. Heineman*, S. A. Bryan (11-17-2014. )Spectroelectrochemistry as a Strategy for Improving Sensor Selectivity in the Symposium on EAS Award for Outstanding Achievements in the Fields of Analytical Chemistry .2014 Eastern Analytical Symposium & Exposition: The Art and Science of Analysis, Somerset, NJ. Professional Meeting. .Level:National

W. R. Heineman (09-19-2014. )Electrochemical Sensors for Biodegradable Metals and for Point of Care Testing .University Libre, Brussels, Belgium.

W. R. Heineman*, T. Wang, D. Zhao, J. Kuhlmann, Z. Dong, V. N. Shanov, D.-T. Chou, D. Hong, P. Kumta, Y. Yun (03-08-2015. )Monitoring Corrosion of Biodegradable Magnesium Implants with a Hydrogen Gas Sensor in the Symposium on Emerging Technologies for Point-of-Care Biomonitoring .Pittcon 2015, New Orleans, LA.

W. R. Heineman*, S. D. Branch, S. A. Bryan (03-08-2015. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensors for Measurements in Complex Samples and Natural Water in the Symposium on New Frontiers for Electrochemical Trace Metal Detection of Biological and Environmental Samples on Earth and Beyond .Pittcon 2015, New Orleans, LA.

W. R. Heineman*, S. D. Branch, S. A. Bryan (08-16-2015. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensors for Measurements on Complex Samples in Harsh Environments in the Analytical Chemistry in Nuclear Technology Symposium .250th American Chemical Society National Meeting & Exposition, Boston, MA.

W. R. Heineman*, T. Wang, D. Zhao, Z. Dong, W. Hoagland, D. Benson (03-26-2016. )Monitoring Corrosion of Biodegradable Magnesium Implants with Hydrogen Gas Sensors in the Symposium on Wearable and Point-of-Care Sensor Technologies for Biomonitoring .Pittcon, Atlanta, GA.

W. R. Heineman*, S. Branch, S. A. Bryan (06-26-2016. )Spectroelectrochemial Sensors for Harsh Environments in the Symposium on Applications of Analytical & Radiochemistry for Harsh Environments .The 71st Northwest Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society (NORM), Anchorage, AK.

(05-18-2016. )52 Years of Electroanalytical Chemistry: From Dropping Mercury Electrodes to Spectroelectrochemical Sensors, W. R. Heineman, in Electroanalytical Chemistry in the Central Region-Special Symposium & Banquet Honoring the Career of William Heineman .The 47th Central Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society (CERM), Covington, KY.

(08-21-2016. )Award Address: 52 Years of Electroanalytical Chemistry: From the Dropping Mercury Electrode to Spectroelectrochemical Sensors, ACS Award in Analytical Chemistry: Symposium in Honor of William R. Heineman .252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.

W. R. Heineman*, S. Bryan (09-18-2016. )Improving Sensor Selectivity with Spectroelectrochemistry in the Symposium Celebrating the Life and Legacy of Professor Joe Caruso .SCIX2016, Minneapolis, MN.

Heineman (04-25-2016. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensors: Remarkable Selectivity for Real World Applications .University of South Dakota,

W. R. Heineman*, D. Zhao, Z. Dong, W. Hoagland, D. K. Benson, P. Kumta (05-09-2017. )Monitoring Corrosion of Biodegradable Magnesium Implants with a Visual H2 Sensor .Pittcon 2017, Chicago, IL.

S. D. Branch, J. Lynch, J. M. Bello, W. R. Heineman*, S. A. Bryan (05-28-2017. )Characterization of an Optically Transparent Thin-Film Electrode Chip for Spectroelectrochemical Sensors .231st ECS Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

W. R. Heineman (11-03-2017. )Monitoring Biodegradation of Mg Implants with Hydrogen Sensors .University of Illinois, Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Chicago, IL.

Poster Presentations

W.R. Heineman, G. P. Kreishman, R. M. Hines, R. M. Kuennen, M. J. Simone, C. H. Su and H. B. Halsall. (09-1979. )(44) The Effect of a Higher Order Phase Change on the Properties of Biologically Important Systems .Fifth International Symposium on Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics, Weimar, East Germany. .

E. S. DeCastro*, W. R. Heineman and J. E. Mark (04-1984. )Electrodes Coated with Immmobilized Redox Networks: 2,6 Dichloro phenolin¬dophenol Bonded to Cross Linked Poly Diallyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride .ACS National Meeting, St. Louis. .

E. S. DeCastro, J. E. Mark and W. R. Heineman (11-1984. )(112) Electrodes with Network Films Formed by Gamma Irradiation Cross Linking .1984 Scientific Conference on Chemical Defense Research, ,

C. Galiatsatos*, J. E. Mark, and W. R. Heineman (05-1986. )Electrochemical Characterization of Electrodes Coated with Poly(vinyl alcohol) Networks Formed by Gamma Irradiation Cross Linking .1986 International Electroanalytical Symposium, Cherry Hill, NJ. .

H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, S. H. Jenkins (04-1988. )Capillary Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .The Oak Ridge Conference, Savannah, GA. .

S. Jenkins*, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman (07-1988. )Subattomole Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .40th National Meeting, American Association for Clinical Chemistry, New Orleans, LA. .

H. B. Halsall*, S. H. Jenkins and W. R. Heineman (11-1988. )Subattomole Electrochemical Immunoassay .Advanced Technology for the Clinical Laboratory and Biotechnology, 4th European Edition of the Oak Ridge Conference, Milan Fair, Italy. .

J. F. Wheeler*, W. R. Heineman, L. Adams, R. Govind, E. V. Hess, and H. B. Halsall (02-14-1989. )Electrochemically Determined Macromolecular Reactions of N Oxidized Procainamide Metabolites .33rd Annual Biophysical Society Meeting, Cincinnati, OH. .

H. B. Halsall*, S. H. Jenkins and W. R. Heineman (05-1989. )Subattomole Electrochemical Immunoassay Using Ion Pair Reagents .International Symposium on Microdialysis, Indianapolis, IN. .

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, Y. Xu, S. H. Jenkins (03-1991. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Subattomole Detection Limits .Pittsburgh Conference, Chicago, IL. .

T. Jiang*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-1993. )A Heterogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay for Terbutryn by Flow Injection Analysis with Electro-chemical Detection .Pittcon ‘93, Atlanta, GA. .

M. T. Lee*, C. J. Seliskar, W. H. Heineman (08-1995. )Development of a Nafion-modified Microelectrode for in vivo Sensing of Re-based Imaging Agents .Chicago ACS Meeting, Chicago, IL. .

H. Shen*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (08-1995. )Investigation of Self-assembled Monolayer on Gold Electrode .Chicago ACS Meeting, Chicago, IL. .

H. Shen*, J. E. Mark, W. R. Heineman (10-1995. )Ionophore Modified Graphite Electrode for Sensing of Lead(II) .The 22nd Annual Conference of the Federation of Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy Societies (FACSS), , Cincinnati, OH. .

M D. Petit-Dominguez*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (10-1995. )Electrochemical Behavior of Sol-Gel Modified Electrodes Using Spin-Coating .The 22nd Annual Conference of the Federation of Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy Societies (FACSS), , Cincinnati, OH. .

M. T. Lee*, C. J. Seliskar, T. McGoron, W. R. Heineman (10-1995. )Development of a Polymer Modified Microelectrode for In Vivo Sensing of Re-Based Imaging Agents .The 22nd Annual Conference of the Federation of Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy Societies (FACSS), , Cincinnati, OH. .

G. Reeder*, W. R. Heineman (10-1995. )Development of an Electrochemical Sensor for the Detection of Lead in Blood .The 22nd Annual Conference of the Federation of Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy Societies (FACSS), , Cincinnati, OH. .

C. O. DeSantis*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (10-1995. )Investigation of Electrochemical Properties of a Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)Poly(Acrylic Acid) Polymer Blend .The 22nd Annual Conference of the Federation of Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy Societies (FACSS), , Cincinnati, OH, . .

H. Gao*, T. Jiang, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, J. A. Caruso (10-1995. )Capillary Enzyme Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection for Determining Indole-3-Acetic Acid in Plant Seed Embryos .The 22nd Annual Conference of the Federation of Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy Societies (FACSS), , Cincinnati, OH. .

M. T. Lee*, W. R. Heineman, T. McGoron, C. J. Seliskar (12-1995. )Investigation of Nafion-modified Microelectrodes as in vivo Sensors for Re-based Imaging Agents .1995 International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies (Pacifichem), Honolulu, HI. .

H. Shen*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-1996. )Investigation of Self-Assembled Monolayer Formed by Normal Alkanethiols on Gold .Pittcon '96, Chicago, IL. .

E. Rohde*, W. R. Heineman (03-1996. )Investigations of Different Radiopharmaceuticals by Capillary Electrophoresis .Pittcon '96, Chicago, IL. .

A. C. McManus*, E. Rohde, W. R. Heineman, (03-1996. )The Analysis of Water-soluble Inks by Capillary Electrophoresis .New Orleans ACS Meeting,

A. J. McGoron*, M. T. Lee, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (06-1996. )Detection of Lipophilic Cationic Tracers with Microelectrode Sensors .Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting, SNM, Reston, VA. .

E. Rohde*, C. Vogt, A. McManus, A. Becker, W. R. Heineman (10-1996. )Separation and Comparison of Fountain Pen Inks by Capillary Electrophoresis with UV/VIS- and Fluorescence Detection .The Seventh Annual Frederick Conference on Capillary Electrophoresis, Frederick, MD. .

H. Gao*, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, J. Caruso, T. Jiang (03-1997. )Determination of Indole-3-Acetic Acid in Tomato Embryos by GC-SIM-MS .Pittcon ‘97, Atlanta, GA. .

J. Zhang*, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall (03-1997. )Capillary Enzyme Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection (CEIED) for Determining Phenobarbital .Pittcon ‘97, Atlanta, GA. .

Y. Ding*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-1997. )A Dual Analyte Electrochemical Immunoassay .Pittcon ‘97, Atlanta, GA. .

J. Carlson*, H. Gao, T. Jiang, J. Caruso, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall (06-1997. )Quantitation of Indole-3-Acetic Acid in Tomato Embryos Using Isotope Dilution GC/SIM/MS .45th ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, Palm Springs, CA. .

H. Shen, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (09-1997. )Effects of Supporting Electrolytes on Sol-gel Ionomer Modified Graphite Electrode and its Applications .214th ACS National Meeting, Las Vegas, NE. .

H. Gao*, A. M. Stalcup, W. R. Heineman (09-1997. )Separation of Catecholamines and Methyldopa by Capillary Electrophoresis with Dendrimers as Buffer Additives .214th ACS National Meeting, Las Vegas, NE. .

S. K. Aryal*, J. H. Nevin, Y. Shi, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, (10-1997. )A Micromachined Fully-Integrated Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .the 37th ORNL-DOE Conference on Analytical Chemistry in Energy Technology, Gatlinburg, TN. .

M. Clager*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, (10-1997. )Detection of Methyl Viologen Utilizing a Novel Sol-Gel/Nafion Blend in a New Spectroelectrochemical Attenuated Total Reflectance Configuration .the 37th ORNL-DOE Conference on Analytical Chemistry in Energy Technology, Gatlinburg, TN. .

M. Maizels*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (10-1997. )Gamma-Irradiated PDMDAA/Graphite Electrodes with Enhanced Response to Ferri/Ferrocyanide Couple .the 37th ORNL-DOE Conference on Analytical Chemistry in Energy Technology, Gatlinburg, TN. .

Z. Hu*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (10-1997. )Electrochemical Behavior of Re-DMPE Complex on Polymer-Modified Electrodes .the 37th ORNL-DOE Conference on Analytical Chemistry in Energy Technology, Gatlinburg, TN. .

A. Wijayawardhana*, D. Sadler, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, C. Ahn, T. Henderson, (10-1997. )A Generic Microfluidic System for Remote Sensors .DARPA (Meeting of Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency, San Diego, CA. .

H. Shen*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-1998. )Using Silica Gel as a Support to Immobilize a Perfluorinated Ionomer on Graphite Electrode Surfaces .Pittcon ‘98, New Orleans, LA. .

M. E. Dotson*, S. Purushothama, M. A. Cousino, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, A. R. Pinhas (05-1998. )Small-Volume Immunoassay Development Using Dendrimer-Coated Microspheres as the Solid Support .ACS Central Regional Meeting, Cleveland, OH. .

C. A. Wijayawardhana*, S. Purushothama, M. A. Cousino, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (04-1999. )Immunoassay with Paramagnetic Particles in Microvolume .BioSensor Symposium ‘99, Universitat Munchen, Germany. .

M. Dotson, S. Kradtap, S. Purushothama, K. Schlueter, A. Wijayawardhana, H. B. Halsall, A. R. Pinhas, W. R. Heineman (05-13-1999. )Development of a Generic Microfluidic Bio-sensor .the Symposium on Nano-, Micro-, and Mesoscale Technologies in Science and Engineering, sponsored by the College of Engineering at UC, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Computer Science and the Local Section of the Electrochemical Society, Cincinnati, OH. .

C. H. Ahn, H. T. Henderson, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, J. H. Nevin, A. J. Helmicki, S. Bhansali, K. T. Schlueter, J.-W. Choi, K. W. Oh, A. Han, N. Okulan, M. Patel, S. Dharmatilleke, C. Lannes, A. Wijayawardhana, S. Purushothama (05-13-1999. )A Generic Microfluidic System for Remote Sensors .the Symposium on Nano-, Micro-, and Mesoscale Technologies in Science and Engineering, sponsored by the College of Engineering at UC, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Computer Science and the Local Section of the Electrochemical Society, Cincinnati, OH. .

J.-W. Choi, C. H. Ahn, S. Bhansali, C. Lannes, J. H. Nevin, A. Wijayawardhana, S. Purushothama, K. Schlueter, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, T. H. Ridgway (05-13-1999. )A Micromachined Inter-Digitated Array Electrode Electrochemical Immunosensor for Microfluidic-Based Biochemical Detection Systems .the Symposium on Nano-, Micro-, and Mesoscale Technologies in Science and Engineering, sponsored by the College of Engineering at UC, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Computer Science and the Local Section of the Electrochemical Society, Cincinnati, OH. .

M. R. Clager*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (08-1999. )Tir-based Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Paraquat .218th ACS Meeting, New Orleans, LA. .

M. L. Stegemiller*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway (08-1999. )Small-volume Remote Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .218th ACS Meeting, New Orleans, LA. .

J. M. Divirgilio-Thomas*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2000. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Using Mediated Detection .Pittcon 2000, New Orleans, LA. .

S. Ross*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2000. )Development of a New Spectroelectrochemical Waveguide Sensor .Pittcon 2000, New Orleans, LA. .

M. D. Wanamaker*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2000. )Sensitivity and Selectivity of a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor Utilizing Three Modes of Selectivity .Pittcon 2000, New Orleans, LA. .

M. E. Dotson*, H. B. Halsall, A. R. Pinhas, W. R. Heineman (03-2000. )Dendrimeric Growth From the Surface of Polystyrene Beads and Their Effects on Immunoassays .Pittcon 2000, New Orleans, LA. .

S. E. Ross*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2000. )Development of New Spectroelectrochemical Waveguide Sensors .19th ACS Meeting, San Francisco, CA. .

M. E. Dotson*, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, A. R. Pinhas (05-2000. )Sandwich Immunoassays Using Dendrimer Coated Microspheres .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), Covington, KY. .

T. Rarog*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (05-2000. )Cu2+ Bait and Switch Sensor .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), Covington, KY. .

M. L. Stegemiller*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway (05-2000. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensing in a Harsh Environment .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), Covington, KY, . .

J. M. DiVirgilio-Thomas*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (05-2000. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Using Mediated Detection .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), , Covington, KY. .

M. D. Wanamaker*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (05-2000. )Sensitivity and Selectivity of a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor Utilizing Three Modes of Selectivity .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), Covington, KY. .

S. Conklin*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (05-2000. )Evaluation of Silica Composites Containing Quarternized Poly(4-vinylpyridine) as an Anion Exchanger of Pertechnetate, TcO4- Ions for Use in Chemical Sensors .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), Covington, KY. .

I. Zudans*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (05-2000. )Optical Study of Thin Sol-Gel Films on ITO for Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), Covington, KY. .

D. Verhoff*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (05-2000. )Embossed Grating Couplers for a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), Covington, KY. .

S. Purushothama*, S. Kradtap, C. Wijayawardhana, K. Schlueter, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (05-2000. )Small Volume Dendrimer Immunomagnetic Bead-Based Assays .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), Covington, KY. .

C. A. Wijayawardhana*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (05-2000. )Micro Volume Rotating Disk Electrode (RD) Amperometric Detection for a Bead-Based Immunoassay .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), Covington, KY. .

S. Kradtap*, C. A. Wijayawardhana, K. T. Schlueter, H. B. Halsall, W. Heineman (05-2000. )"Bugbead”: A Tool for Microsensor Development Involving Pathogens .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), Covington, KY. .

M. R. Clager*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (05-2000. )Planar Total Internal Reflection Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Methyl Viologen .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), , Covington, KY. .

D. E. Starkey*, A. Han, J. J. Bao, C. H. Ahn, K. R. Wehmeyer, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall (05-2000. )The Characterization of Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis (CE) Devices and Their Application to Enzyme Analysis .32nd ACS Central Regional Meeting (CMACS), Covington, KY. .

C. A. Wijayawardhana*, G. Wittstock, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (05-2000. )Electrochemical Immunoassay with Microscopic Immunomagnetic Bead Domains and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy .Biosensors 2000, San Diego, CA. .

C. A. Wijayawardhana*, G. Wittstock, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (06-2000. )Microscopic Immunomagnetic Bead Domains and Detection by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy in Electrochemical Immunoassay .8th Int’l Conference on ElectroAnalysis (ESEAC/SEAC 2000), Bonn, Germany. .

D. J. Monk*, T. H. Ridgway, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, M. Stegemiller, R. Q. Voorhees (03-2001. )Computer Controlled Remote Spectroelectrochemical Sensor System .Pittcon 2001, New Orleans, LA. .

T. Rarog*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2001. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Copper with Four Modes of Selectivity .Pittcon 2001, New Orleans, LA. .

S. D. Conklin*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2001. )Evaluation of Silica Composites Containing Quaternized Poly(4-vinylpyridine) for Use in a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Technetium .Pittcon 2001, New Orleans, LA. .

D. E. Starkey*, A. Han, Y. Abdelaziez, C. H. Ahn, J. J. Bao, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. C. Prenger, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall (08-2001. )Fluorogenic Assays for b-Glucuronidase and Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase Using Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis .ACS 222nd National Meeting, , Chicago, IL. .

I. Zudans*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (08-2001. )Studies of Dynamics of Chemically Selective Films .ACS 222nd National Meeting, Chicago, IL. .

D. J. Monk*, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (08-2001. )Computer-controlled, Remote Spectroelectrochemical Sensor System .ACS 222nd National Meeting, Chicago, IL. .

M. L. Stegemiller*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway, S. A. Bryan, T. L. Hubler (08-2001. )Development of a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Pertechnetate .ACS 222nd National Meeting, Chicago, IL. .

T. L. Hubler*, S. A. Bryan, C. T. Carver, M. E. Thornton, K. L. Hammack, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (08-2001. )Development of New Ion-Exchange Polymers for Technetium Sensors Applicable to the Vadose Zone .ACS 222nd National Meeting, Chicago, IL. .

J. R. Paddock*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (08-2001. )PVTAC and Spectroelectrochemical Sensing .ACS 222nd National Meeting, Chicago, IL. .

J. H. Thomas*, J. M. Drake, J. Johnson, C. J. Seliskar, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-2002. )Characterization of a Cation Radical at a Polymer-Modified Electrode .Pittcon 2002, New Orleans, LA. .

A. T. Maghasi*, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, K. Schlueter, H. L. Rilo (03-2002. )Detection of Secretion from Pancreatic Islets using Bismuth-coated Carbon Electrodes .Pittcon 2002, New Orleans, LA. .

J. R. Paddock*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2002. )Poly(vinylbenzyltrimethylammonium chloride) Spectroelectrochemical Sensing .Pittcon 2002, New Orleans, LA. .

J. M. Drake*, J. H. Thomas, J. R. Paddock, M. Stegemiller, I. Zudans, S. Conklin, J. Johnson, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, H. B. Halsall (04-2002. )Comparisons of the Uptakes of ABTS into Three Cationic Polymer Films .223rd ACS Meeting, Orlando, FL. .

J. N. Richardson*, A. L. Dyer, M. L. Stegemiller, I. Zudans, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (04-2002. )Electrochemical and Spectroelectrochemical Evaluation of tris-(2,2’bipyridyl)iron(II) at Bare and Nafion-coated ITO Electrodes: Toward a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Aqueous Iron .223rd ACS Meeting, Orlando, FL. .

A. Dyer*, J. N. Richardson, M. Stegemiller, I. Zudans, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (04-2002. )Development and Evaluation of a Multimode Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Detection of Aqueous Iron .223rd ACS Meeting, Orlando, FL. .

A. T. Maghasi*, H. R. Rilo, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (08-2002. )Detection of Secretion from Pancreatic Islets Using Chemically Modified Electrodes .224th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA. .

S. Farrell*, N. J. Ronkainen-Matsuno, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (08-2002. )Bead-based Immunoassays: Fluorescence vs. Electrochemical Detection .224th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA. .

J. H. Thomas*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (08-2002. )Evolution of Electrochemical Immunoassay .224th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA. .

R. E. Barlag*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (08-2002. )Detection of Drugs in Blood Substitutes .224th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA. .

N. J. Ronkainen-Matsuno*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (08-2002. )Microvolume Immunoassay for Ovalbumin .224th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA. .

T. Rarog*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (08-2002. )The Spectroelectrochemical Sensor with a Chelating Agent for Cu(EN) .224th ACS National Meeting, , Boston, MA. .

S. Farrell*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-2003. )Fluorescence Detection of Bead-Based Immunoassays .Pittcon 2003, Orlando, FL. .

A. Piruska*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2003. )Modeling of Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .Pittcon 2003, Orlando, FL. .

H. Kuramitz*, A. Piruska, Y. Umezawa, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2003. )Development of Spectroelectrochemical Binding Assay Using Labeled Ligand with an Electroactive Probe .Pittcon 2003, Orlando, FL. .

C. M. Wansapura*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2003. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for the Determination of Concentration of Aqueous Iron .Pittcon 2003, Orlando, FL. .

R. E. Barlag*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, (03-2003. )Comparison of Electrochemical Detection Methods for Drugs in Blood Substitute .225th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA. .

N. J. Ronkainen-Matsuno*, S. Farrell, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-2003. )Microelectrodes in Bead-based Sandwich Immunoassay Detection .225th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA. .

T. Shotoyko*, I. Zudans, J. N. Richardson, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2003. )An Attenuated Total Reflectance Sensor for Copper: An Experiement for Analytical or Physical Chemistry .225th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA. .

L. E. Faulkner*, S. Conklin, W. R. Heineman (03-2003. )Characterization of Cross-linked Polymer Films for Incorporation into Spectroelectrochemical Sensors .225th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA. .

M. V. Bobst*, S. Farrell, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2003. )Comparison of Enzyme-substrate Couples for Bead-based Immunoassays with Electrochemical and Fluorescence Detection .225th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA. .

I. Zudans*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (07-2003. )In situ Measurement of Sensor Film Dynamics .ICSE-3, Vienna, Austria. .

S. Conklin*, A. Maghasi, T. Shtoyko, Z. Aguilar, S. Farrell, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (08-2003. )ESEM Investigation of Electrodeposited Metals and Bead-Based Immunoassay for Sensor Applications .Microscopy & Microanalysis, San Antonio, TX. .

A. Piruska*, I. Zudans, C. J. Seliskar, and W. R. Heineman (09-2003. )Studies of the Influence of Optical Effects on Spectroelectrochemical Sensor's Performance .226th ACS National Meeting, New York, NY. .

N. Pantelic*, I. Zudans, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (09-2003. )In situ Dynamic Studies of a Poly(vinyl alcohol)-Poly(acrylic Acid) Thin Film by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry .226th ACS National Meeting, New York, NY. .

S. Farrell*, S. Purushothama, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (09-2003. )PMAM dendrimer-modified Paramagnetic Beads: An Improved Solid Support for Bead-based Immunoassays .226th ACS National Meeting, New York, NY. .

J. S. Kegerreis*, D. J. Monk, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, J. R. Paddock (03-2004. )Absorbance and Fluorescence Spectroscopy of Rhenium-dioxo Compounds for the Development of a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Analogous Technetium Complexes .Pittcon 2004, Chicago, IL. .

S. A. Andria*, J. N. Richardson, N. Kaval, I. Zudans, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2004. )Evaluation of the Detection Limits of Ru(bpy)32+ with an Attenuated Total Reflectance Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .Pittcon 2004, Chicago, IL. .

I. H. Boyaci*, W. R. Heineman, Z. P. Aguilar, M. Hossain, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar (03-2004. )Ampeerometric Enumeration of Escherichia Coli Using Antibody-Coated Paramagnetic Beads .Pittcon 2004, Chicago, IL. .

J. N. Richardson*, W. R. Heineman, Z. P. Aguilar, N. Kaval, S. E. Andria, T. Shtoyko, C. J. Seliskar (03-2004. )Optical and Electrochemical Evaluation of Colloidal Au Nanoparticle-ITO Hybrid Optically Transparent Electrodes and Their Application to Attenuated Total Reflectance Spectroelectrochemistry .Pittcon 2004, Chicago, IL. .

N. Kaval*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2004. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensing Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device .Pittcon 2004, Chicago, IL. .

S. E. Andria*, J. N. Richardson, N. Kaval, I. Zudans, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2004. )Optimization of the Detection Limits of Ru(bpy)32+ using an Attenuated Total Reflectance Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .227th ACS National Meeting, Anaheim, CA. .

J. S. Kegerreis*, J. R. Paddock, D. Monk, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2004. )Absorbance and Fluorescence Spectroscopy of Rhenium-dioxo Compounds for the Development of a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Analogous Technetium Complexes .227th ACS National Meeting, Anaheim, CA. .

C. Wansapura*, N. Pantelic, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (06-2004. )In Situ Studies of the Complexation of Ferrous Ion with 2,2-Bipyridine in a Thin Nafion Film by Spectroscopic Ellipsometry .36th Central Regional ACS Meeting, Indianapolis, IN. .

R. Barlag*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (06-2004. )Immunoassay Detection With A Blood Substitute .36th Central Regional ACS Meeting, Indianapolis, IN. .

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar (06-2004. )Rapid Detection of Biological Agents in Water Supplies .American Water Works Association Annual Conference & Exhibition, Orlando, FL. .

L. K. Morris*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (08-2005. )Poly(4-vinylpyridine-co-styrene) Selective Films that Preconcentrate Anions for Spectroelectrochemical Detection .230th ACS National Meeting, Washington, DC. .

A. Piruska*, I. Nikcevic, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (01-2006. )Optical Detection System for Multi-Lane Plastic Microchips .10th LabAutomation 2006, Palm Springs, CA. .

I. Nikcevic*, S-H. Lee, A. Piruska, C. H. Ahn, P.A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (01-2006. )Characterization of Cyclic Olefin Copolymer (COC) and Poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) Microchips for Capillary Electrophoresis .10th LabAutomation 2006, Palm Springs, CA. .

M. Gong*, W. R. Heineman (01-2006. )On-Line Sample Preconcentration by Sweeping With Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide in Capillary Zone Electrophoresis .10th LabAutomation 2006, Palm Springs, CA. .

S. Andria*, W. R. Heineman (03-03-2006. )Characterization of Polystyrene-block-ploy(ethylene-ran-butylene)-block-polystyrene Thin Films for Sensing Purposes .2006 UC Graduate Poster Forum,

A. F. Bange*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-03-2006. )Development of a Label-free Electrochemical Immunosensor with a Carbon Nanotube Electrode .2006 UC Graduate Poster Forum,

C. A. Currie*, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall (03-03-2006. )Polyelectrolyte Multilayers and Microchip CE: Estimation of pKa Values at Low pH .2006 UC Graduate Poster Forum,

A. Jurkevica*, W. R. Heineman (03-03-2006. )Bead-based Immunoassay for Determination of Escherichia coli in Water with Fluorescence Detection .2006 UC Graduate Poster Forum,

N. R. Mwale*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-03-2006. )Bead Based Immunoassay in Chlorinated Drinking Water .2006 UC Graduate Poster Forum,

I. Nikcevic*, W. R. Heineman (03-03-2006. )Characterization of poly (methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) and Cyclic Olefin Copolymer (COC) Microchips for Capillary Electrophoresis .2006 UC Graduate Poster Forum,

T. Sakova*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-03-2006. )Towards Development of Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Detection of 1-Hydroxypyrene in Complex Liquid Sample Media .2006 UC Graduate Poster Forum,

M. Gong*, W. R. Heineman, P. A. Limbach (03-2006. )Large-Volume Electrokinetic Injection in Sweeping Capillary Electrophoresis by Using Cationic Surfactants .Pittcon 2006, Orlando, FL. .

C. Currie*, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, P. A. Limbach (03-2006. )Polyelectrolyte Multilayers and Microchip CE: Estimation of pKa Values at Low pH .Pittcon 2006, Orlando, FL. .

I. Nikcevic*, S. H. Lee, A. Piruska, C. H. Ahn, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2006. )Characterization of Plastic Microchips for Capillary Electrophoresis .Pittcon 2006, Orlando, FL. .

N. R. Mwale*, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall (03-2006. )Effect of Dissolved Chlorine on Water-Based Biosensors .Pittcon 2006, Orlando, FL. .

T.M. Clinton*, T.M. Battaglia, W.R. Heineman, C.J. Seliskar (03-2006. )Chemical Sensor for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons .231st ACS National Meeting, Atlanta. .

T. Pinyayev*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (09-2006. )Development of Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Detection of 1-Hydroxypyrene .232nd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA. .

A. Jurkevica*, F. C. Dudak, I. H. Boyaci, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (09-2006. )Bead-based Immunoassay for determination of Escherichia coli in Water with Fluorescence Detection .232nd ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA. .

C. S. Tabler*, I. Nikcevic, W. R. Heineman (05-2007. )Determination Electroosmotic Flow in Capillary Electrophoresis Microchips with Rectangular Channels .CERMACS 2007 Central Regional Meeting of the ACS, Covington, KY. .

. Bange*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Y-H. Yun, M. J. Schulz, V. Shanov (05-2007. )Development of an Impedance Biosensor Using Carbon Nanotube Array Electrodes .CERMACS 2007 Central Regional Meeting of the ACS, Covington, KY. .

R. N. Andrews*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (05-2007. )Electrochemical Characteristics of 8-hydroxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid (HPTS), .CERMACS 2007 Central Regional Meeting of the ACS, Covington, KY. .

A. Jurkevica*, D. M. Hatch, R. R. Kale, S. S. Iyer, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (10-10-2005. )A Comparison of Carbohydrate Ligands and Antibodies as a Recognition Agent in Assay for Detection of Escherichia coli in Water .CERMACS 2007 Central Regional Meeting of the ACS, , Covington, KY. .

E. T. Ogburn *, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (05-20-2007. )Development of a Liquid Chromatography Electrochemical Detection (LCED) System: Characterizing Microfabricated Electrochemical Detectors in Hydrodynamic Flow Systems and Coupling with High Performance Liquid Chromatography .CERMACS 2007 Central Regional Meeting of the ACS, Covington, KY. .

S. Mucharoen *, D. Nacapricha, O. Chailapakul, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (05-20-2007. )Determination of Transferrin by Immunoassay using a micro-drop RDE .CERMACS 2007 Central Regional Meeting of the ACS, Covington, KY. .

I. Nikcevic *, S. H. Lee, C. H. Ahn, P. Limbach, K. R. Wehmeyer, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (05-2007. )Improving Reproducibility of Poly(methylmethacrylate) Microchips for Capillary Electrophoresis by Surface Modification in the Symposium Analytical Chemistry General Session .CERMACS 2007 Central Regional Meeting of the ACS, Covington, KY. .

R. Andrews, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (09-2007. )Development of a spectroelectrochemical Sensor for 8-hydroxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid (HPTS) .58th Annual Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry, Banff, Canada. .

I. Nikcevic*, K. R. Wehmeyer, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-02-2008. )Rapid Separation of a Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor: Aptamer Photo-Crosslink Using Capillary Electrohporesis Microchips .Pittcon 2008, New Orleans, LA. .

U. B. Tiwari*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-02-2008. )Determination of Biotin Binding Sites on Streptavidin/Neutravidin Coated Beads .Pittcon 2008, New Orleans, LA. .

A. L. Dupre*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, K. R. Wehmeyer, P. A. Limbach (04-06-2008. )Quantifying Signal Enhancement Gained from the Use of a Dynamic Loading Electrokinetic Injection in CE .235th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA. .

C. R. Bowman*, S. E. Andria, L. K. Morris, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (04-06-2008. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor: The Effect of Ionic Strength on Sensor Response .235th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA. .

J. Kuhlmann*, K. Kroening, N. Kaval, C. Jayasinghe, T. Hopkins, S. Pixley, V. Shanov, J. A. Caruso, W. R. Heineman (02-28-2010. )Screening Residual Catalyst Metals in CNT Structures and Their Bioavailability in vitro by Using ICP-MS .Pittcon 2010, Orlando, FL. .

E. E. Amba*, L. K. Morris, S. E. Andria, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (02-28-2010. )The Effects of Varying Ionic Strengths of Supporting Electrolytes on a Spectroelectochemical Sensor .Pittcon 2010, Orlando, FL. .

C. Han, A. Doepke, W. Cho, A. A. de la Cruz, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, V. N. Shanov, M. J. Schulz, P. Falaras, D. D. Dionysiou* (03-21-2010. )Preliminary Study for the Development of Carbon Nanotube-based Biosensor for Monitoring MC-LR .239th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA. .

N. Membreno*, R. A. Wilson, W. R. Heineman (03-21-2010. )Optimization and Characterization of Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrochemical Cells .239th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA. .

L. C. Dzugan*, J. Kuhlmann, W. R. Heineman (03-27-2011. )Effect of Biofouling on Cyclic Voltammetry and Potentiometry Measurements .241st ACS National Meeting, Anaheim, CA. .

C. A. Schroll*, S. Chatterjee, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan (06-08-2011. )New Cell Design for Spectroelectrochemical Studies .42nd Central Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Indianapolis, IN. .

C. Han*, A. Doepke, W. Cho, A. A. de la Cruz, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, V. N. Shanov, M. J. Schulz, V. Likodimos, P. Falaras, D. D. Dionysiou (06-26-2011. )Carbon Nanotubes-based Biosensor for Detecting Cyanotoxins in Water .3rd Int'l Conference from Nanoparticles and Nanomaterials to Nanodevices and Nanosystems (IC4N-3), Crete Island, Greece. .

X. Guo*, W. R. Heineman (03-25-2012. )Fabrication of Ion Selective Electrodes and Their Application for Metallic Biomaterials .243rd ACS National Meeting, San Diego, CA. .

K. Ojo*, J. Kuhlmann, S. K. Pixley, W. R. Heineman (03-02-2014. )Conductivity Measurements Can Estimate Osmolality of Solutions During Magnesium Corrosion .Pittcon 2014, Chicago, IL. .

C. A. Rusinek*, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky, A. Bange (03-02-2014. )Anodic Stripping Voltammetry of Cadmium After a Ligandless Cloud Point Extraction .Pittcon 2014, Chicago, IL. .

J. Correa*, T. Wang, W. R. Heineman (03-02-2014. )Electrochemical Detection of Dopamine Using a Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode .ACS National Meeting, Dallas, TX. .

S. D. Branch*, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan, A (03-08-2015. )Selective Polymer Thin-Film for Spectroelectrochemistry of Rhenium Complexes .Pittcon 2015, New Orleans, LA. .

S. D. Branch*, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan, J. M. Bellow (03-08-2015. )Characterization of a Spectroelectrochemical Micro-Fabricated Sensor .Pittcon 2015, New Orleans, LA. .

C. A. Rusinek*, M. Becker, R. Rechenberg, D. Zhao, N. Kaval, W. R. Heineman (03-08-2015. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensing with a Boron Doped Diamond Optically Transparent Electrode Coated with Charge Selective Polymer Films .Pittcon 2015, New Orleans, LA. .

D. Zhao*, D. Han, T. Wang, C. A. Rusinek, A. J. Steckl, W. R. Heineman (03-08-2015. )Simultaneous Detection of Pb and Cd Using Electrospinning Carbon Nanofiber Modified Electrodes .Pittcon 2015, New Orleans, LA. .

T. Wang*, D. Zhao, Z. Dong, V. N. Shanov, Y. Yun, P. Kumta, W. R. Heineman (03-08-2015. )Monitoring Biodegradable Metal Alloys Using Analytical Methods .Pittcon 2015, New Orleans, LA. .

K. Ojo*, T. Hopkins, S. Pixley, W. R. Heineman, V. Shanov, M. Joshi, P. Salunke, K. Nahan, G. Zhang (03-06-2016. )Conductivity as Sensor for Real-time Monitoring of the Solution Soluble Corrosion Products under Cell Culture Conditions During Corrosion of High Purity Magnesium .Pittcon 2016, Atlanta, GA. .

D Zhao*, D. R. Siebold, T. Wang, N. R. Alvarez, V. Shanov, W. R. Heineman (03-03-2016. )Simultaneous Detection Heavy Metals by Anodic Stripping Voltammetry Using Carbon Nanotube Thread .Pittcon 2016, Atlanta, GA. .

C. A. Rusinek*, W. R. Heineman, M. Becker, R. Rechenberg, D. Zhao, N. Kaval (03-06-2016. )Characterization and Spectroelectrochemical Sensing with a Boron Doped Diamond Optically Transparent Electrode Coated with a Charge Selective Polymer Film .Pittcon 2016, Atlanta, GA. .

D. Zhao*, T. Wang, Z. Dong, W. R. Heineman, V. Shanov (06-26-2016. ) Real Time Monitoring Magnesium Alloys Corrosion by Electrochemical H2 Sensor In Vivo .Pittcon 2016, Atlanta, GA. .

M. Warren*, C. Rusinek, W. R. Heineman, A. Bange, I. Papautsky (03-13-2016. )Cloud Point Extraction for Electroanalysis: Anodic Stripping Voltammetry of Lead .251st American Chemical Society National Meeting, San Diego, CA. .

L. Stegner*, W. Kang, E. Haynes, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky (05-18-2016. )Determination of Manganese using Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry and Lead Using Anodic Stripping Voltammetry .The 47th Central Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society (CERM), Covington, KY. .

J. Robinson*, L. Sagle, W. R. Heieneman, M. Meyyappan, J. Koehne (05-18-2016. )Detection of Lead by Anodic Stripping Voltammetry using Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofibers .The 47th Central Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society (CERM), Covington, KY. .

D. Zhao*, X. Wang, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky (05-18-2016. )Determination of Orexin A by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy .The 47th Central Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society (CERM), Covington, KY. .

R. Rechenberg, C. A. Rusinek*, M. Becker, W. R. Heineman (10-01-2017. )Polymer-Coated Boron Doped Diamond Optically Transparent Electrodes for Spectroelectrochemistry .232nd ECS Meeting, Washington, DC. .

Lecture

I. Nikcevic*, M. Gong, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (09-2006. )Determination of Dissociation Constant of Thrombin-aptamer Complex Using Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis .San Francisco, CA.

W. R. Heineman*, C. J. Seliskar (10-2006. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry: Detection of Metal Ions in the Symposium on Electrochemical Sensors .Cancun Mexico.

W. R. Heineman*, C. J. Seliskar, L. K. Morris, S. E. Andria, C. Wansapura, T. Shtoyko (08-06-2007. )Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Changchun, China.

W. R. Heineman*, C. Ahn, A. Bange, B. Halsall, J. Tu, X. Zhu (09-2007. )Electrochemical Immunoassay of Biological Agents: Detection with a Nanoscale Interdigitated Array in the Symposium on Electroanaylsis and Electrochemical Sensors .Banff, Canada.

Paper Presentations

W.R. Heineman, R. W. Murray and G. W. O'Dom. (11-1967. )An Optically Transparent Thin–Layer Electrochemical Cell, .Atlanta.

W.R. Heineman and T. Kuwana. (09-1971. )Mercury–Platinum Optically Transparent Electrode .Washington, DC.

W.R. Heineman and T. Kuwana. (08-1972. )Optical Studies of Metal Deposition and Specific Adsorption at Mercury–Platinum Optically Transparent Electrodes . New York.

W.R. Heineman and T. Kuwana and C. R. Hartzell. (08-1972. )Indirect Electrochemical Titrations of Electron Transport Components .New York.

W.R. Heineman and T. Kuwana and C. R. Hartzell. (08-1972. )Charge Partitioning in Electron Transport Components: Cytochrome c Cyto¬chrome Oxidase O2 . New York.

W.R. Heineman (11-1972. )Titrations of Cytochrome c–Cytochrome Oxidase Mixtures .Columbus.

W.R. Heineman and T. Kuwana (08-1973. )Coulometric Titration of Redox Enzymes .Chicago.

W.R. Heineman and T. Kuwana (09-1973. )Spectroelectrochemical Methods in the Study of Short–Lived Intermediates .Oxford, England.

W.R. Heineman and T. Kuwana (10-1973. )Spectroelectrochemical Studies of Stoichiometry, Energetics, and Kinetics of Heme Proteins: Cytochrome c and Cytochrome c Oxidase . Pont A Mousson, France.

W.R. Heineman (11-1973. )Measurement of Enzyme Eo' Values by OTTLE Techniques .Milwaukee.

W.R. Heineman and G. Z. Retsch (04-1974. )Spectroelectrochemical Titration of Cytochrome c with Porphyrexide .Bowling Green, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman and J. F. Goelz (04-1974. )Intermediate Titrants for Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemical Titration of Redox Enzymes .Bowling Green, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman, W. R. Dietz, W. L. Dean and J. W. Young. (04-1975. )Analysis of Lipstick Stains for Criminalistic Investigation .Cleveland.

W.R. Heineman, F. L. Fricke, O. Rose, Jr., and J. A. Caruso. (10-1975. )Microwave Induced Plasma Coupled to a Harrick Detector for Simultaneous Multielement Trace Analysis–Carbon Cup Sample Introduction .Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman, O. Rose, Jr., and J. A. Caruso (03-15-1976. )Application of an Oscillating Mirror Rapid Scanning Spectrometer (Harrick RSS B) to Simultaneous Multielement Nonflame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry . Cleveland.

W.R. Heineman, O. Rose, Jr., and J. A. Caruso (08-1973. )An Oscillating Mirror Rapid Scanning Spectrometer as a Detector in Simultaneous Multielement Microwave Induced Plasma Emission Spectrometry, .San Francisco.

W.R. Heineman and T. P. DeAngelis (08-1976. )An Electrochemical Experiment Based on an Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrode .San Francisco.

W.R. Heineman, T. P. DeAngelis and R. E. Bond (03-1977. )Differential Pulse Voltammetry in a Thin Layer Cell .New Orleans.

W.R. Heineman, E. A. Blubaugh, Jr. and A. M. Yacynych. (03-1977. )The Measurement of Kinetic Rate Constants of an E.C. Mechanism with Optically Transparent Thin Layer Electrodes .New Orleans.

W.R. Heineman, C. W. Anderson, H. B. Halsall and G. P. Kreishman (03-1977. )The Salt Induced Destructuring of Bulk H2O Above 42 C as Detected by the Observed Redox Potential of Horse Heart Cytochrome c .New Orleans.

W.R. Heineman, J. A. Caruso, O. Rose, Jr., and F. L. Fricke. (03-1977. )Sequential Multielement Analysis by Rapid Scanning Spectrometry .New Orleans.

W.R. Heineman, E. E. Brooks and D. A. Roston. (08-1977. )The Application of Twin–Electrode Thin–Layer Voltammetry for the Elimination of Intermetallic Compound Interferences in Stripping Voltammetry .Chicago.

W.R. Heineman, H. B. Mark, Jr. (09-1977. )Thin Layer Electrochemical Cells: Techniques and Applications in Spectroelectro¬chemistry and Analysis .Tokyo, Japan.

W.R. Heineman, G. P. Kreishman, C. W. Anderson and H. B. Halsall (10-28-1977. )The Temperature Dependence of the Redox Potential of Horse Heart Cytochrome c in Sodium Chloride Solutions ., Woods Hole, Massachusetts.

W.R. Heineman, G. P. Kreishman, C. W. Anderson, C. H. Su, and H. B. Halsall. (03-1978. )The Effect of Bulk Water Structure on the Temperature Dependence of the Reduction Potential of Cytochrome c .Washington, DC.

W.R. Heineman, G.P. Kreishman, C. H. Su, R. M. Hines, C. W. Anderson and H. B. Halsall (09-10-1978. )The Effect of Solvent Structure and Ion Binding on the Reduction Potential of Cytochrome c and Myoglobin .Miami Beach.

W.R. Heineman, C. W. Anderson and H. B. Halsall. (04-01-1979. )Voltammetric Immunoassay .Honolulu.

W.R. Heineman, E. Deutsch, T. C. Pinkerton, and K. Hajizadeh. (04-01-1979. )Separation and Electrochemistry of 99Tc EHDP Complexes .Honolulu.

E. Deutsch, T. C. Pinkerton and K. Hajizadeh. (05-07-1979. )Characterization of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals by Liquid Chromatographic Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemistry .Columbus.

W.R. Heineman, D. A. Roston and E. E. Brooks. (09-09-1979. )Twin Electrode Thin Layer Anodic Stripping Voltammetry: Elimination of Inter¬metallic Compound Interferences .Washington, DC, .

W.R. Heineman, E. Deutsch, D. L. Ferguson, and T. C. Pinkerton (06-1980. )In Vivo Evaluation of Components of a Technetium HEDP Radiopharmaceutical Mixture Separated by High Performance Liquid Chromatography .Detroit, Michigan.

W.R. Heineman, J. M. Johnson and H. B. Halsall (08-24-1980. )Measurement of Enzyme Activity as a Function of Solution Potential .Las Vegas.

W.R. Heineman, T. B. Jarbawi. (02-17-1981. )Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemical Study of Chlorpromazine Cation Radical, Soc¬iety for Applied Spectroscopy .

W.R. Heineman, K. R. Wehmeyer and H. B. Halsall (02-1981. )Voltammetric Immunoassay Using Dinitroestriol .Denver.

W.R. Heineman, M. J. Simone and G. P. Kreishman. (05-10-1981. )Development of a Spectrofluoroelectrochemical Cell for Studying Biological Sys¬tems .Minneapolis.

W.R. Heineman, K. R. Wehmeyer, M. J. Doyle and H. B. Halsall. (05-17-1981. )Immunoassay Using Electrochemical Techniques .Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman and T. B. Jarbawi (05-17-1981. )Thin–Layer Differential Pulse Voltammetric Determination of Chlorpromazine in Biological Fluids .Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman, J. Y. Lewis, J. P. Zodda and E. Deutsch. (05-17-1981. )Determination of TcO4 in 99mTc Generators .Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman, J. A. Wise, and D. A. Roston. (05-17-1989. )Intermetallic Compounds in Anodic Stripping Voltammetry .Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman, J. M. Johnson and H. B. Halsall. (05-20-1981. )The Use of Solution Potential Control to Improve the Specificity of a Galactose Oxidase Electrode .Dayton.

W.R. Heineman, M. J. Simone and G. P. Kreishman. (05-20-1981. )Conformational Studies of Cytochrome c Using a Spectrofluoroelectrochemical Cell .Dayton.

W.R. Heineman, E. A. Deutsch and J. P. Zodda (06-08-1989. )Preparation of "No Carrier Added" 99mTc Complexes .Bal Harbour, Florida.

W.R. Heineman, M. J. Simone and G. P. Kreishman. (06-15-1981. )Spectrofluorometrical Studies of Cytochrome c .Cleveland.

W.R. Heineman, J. P. Zodda, E. Deutsch, T. W. Gilbert, and C. C. Williams (06-17-1981. )Quantitative Determination of Total Pertechnetate in 99Mo/99mTc Generates by High Performance Liquid Chromatography .Hueston Woods State Park.

W.R. Heineman, M. J. Doyle and H. B. Halsall (11-04-1981. )Electrochemical Approach to Immunoassay .Lexington, KY.

W.R. Heineman, M. J. Simone, R. A. Magnotti and G. P. Kreishman (02-14-1982. )Detection of a Conformational Change Upon Reduction of Cytochrome c Utilizing Spectrofluoro-electrochemical Techniques .Boston.

W.R. Heineman, M. J. Simone, R. A. Magnotti and G. P. Kreishman. (02-14-1982. )Development of Long Optical Path Length Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemical Cells .Boston, MA.

W.R. heineman, M. J. Doyle, G. W. Dombi and H. B. Halsall (02-14-1982. )Electrochemical Methods for the Determination of Protein Concentration. .Boston, MA.

W.R. Heineman, E. Deutsch, T. W. Gilbert, T. C. Pinkerton, J. P. Zodda, K. L. Libson, S. Tanabe, D. L. Ferguson, D. B. Chalk. (03-1989. )High Performance Liquid Chromatography in the Development of 99mTechnetium Radiopharma-ceuticals for Skeletal Imaging .Las Vegas.

W.R. heineman, K. R. Wehmeyer and H. B. Halsall (04-29-1982. )Electrochemical Investigation of Hapten Antibody Interactions via Differential Pulse Polarography .Gatlinburg, .

W.R. heineman, H. M. Eggers and H. B. Halsall (04-29-1982. )Amperometric Enzyme Immunoassay .Gatlinburg.

W.R. heineman, G. P. Kreishman, M. J. Simone and R. A. Magnotti. (06-09-1982. )Spectrofluoroelectrochemical Studies of Electroactive Proteins .Montreal, Canada.

W.R. Heineman, M. H. Eggers and H. B. Halsall. (05-16-1982. )Enzyme Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection .Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman, J. Y. Lewis, J. P. Zodda and E A. Deutsch (03-07-1983. )Quantitative Determination of TcO4 by Reductive LCEC .Atlantic City.

W.R. Heineman, M. J. Doyle and H. B. Halsall (05-15-1983. )Voltammetric Enzyme Immunoassay for 1 Acid Glycoprotein .Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman, K. R. Wehmeyer and H. B. Halsall. (05-15-1983. )An Electrochemical Approach to Enzyme Immunoassays Employing LCEC .Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman, J. A. Wise and P. T. Kissinger (05-15-1983. )Flow Injection Anodic Stripping Voltammety .Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman, D. A. Smith, E. S. DeCastro, D. Villarroel, and J. E. Mark. (05-15-1983. )Electrochemistry of Electrodes Coated with Cross Linked Polymer Networks .Indianapolis.

W.R. Heineman, E. S. DeCastro and J. E. Mark (05-23-1983. )Cross Linked Polymer Modified Electodes .Oxford, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman, M. J. Doyle and H. B. Halsall (05-23-1983. )Voltammetric Enzyme Immunoassay for Glycoprotein at a Carbon Paste Elec¬trode .Oxford, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman, A. Ichimura and E. Deutsch (05-23-1983. )Electrochemistry of Technetium Tertiary Diphosphine Complexes .Oxford, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman, J. M. Johnson and H. B. Halsall (05-23-1983. )The Redox Activation of Galactose Oxidase: A Thin Layer Electrochemical Study .Oxford, Ohio.

W.R. Heineman and T. C. Pinkerton (08-28-1983. )The Electrochemical Reduction of Pertechnetate in Hydroxyethyeidene Diphos¬phonate Media .Washington, DC.

W.R. Heineman, A. Ichimura and E. Deutsch (10-04-1983. )Liquid Chromatography and Electrochemistry of a Technetium Radiopharma¬ceuti¬cal .Niigata, Japan.

W.R. Heineman, A. Ichimura and E. Deutsch. (10-06-1983. )Electrochemistry of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals .Nagaoka, Japan.

W.R. Heineman, A. Ichimura and E. Deutsch (10-10-1983. )Electrochemistry of Technetium Tertiary Diphosphine Complexes .Osaka, Japan.

W.R. Heineman, D. A. Smith, M. J. Heeg, M. K. Eidsness, J. Doi, and R. C. Elder (03-05-1984. )X ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Electrochemically Generated Species .Atlantic City, NJ.

W.R. Heineman, D. S. Wright and H. B. Halsall (03-05-1984. )Enzyme Immunoassay with Amperometric Detection .Atlantic City, NJ.

D. S. Wright, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman (06-03-1984. )Amperometric Detection of NADH for Enzyme Immunoassay .Indianapolis, IN.

W.R. Heineman and R. B. Scott. (06-03-1984. )The Electrochemical Preparation of Technetium Diphosphonate Radiopharmaceuti¬cals .Indianapolis, IN.

W.R. Heineman, E. S. DeCastro and J. E. Mark (06-03-1984. )Two Step Modified Electrodes: 2,6 dichlorophenolindophenol Bonded to Cross Linked Poly Diallyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride .Indianapolis, IN.

K. W. Chan, W. R. Heineman, T. H. Ridgway and S. Y. Wong (10-11-1984. )Development and Characterization of a Hydrodynamic Amperometry Flow Cell Detector for Determination of Metal Ions .Sacramento, CA.

E. S. DeCastro, D. Villarroel, C. Galiatsatos, J. E. Mark, and W. R. Heineman (05-29-1985. )Electrodes Coated with Polymer Networks Formed by Cross Linking with Gamma Radiation .Chicago, IL..

W. R. Heineman, E. Deutsch, and R. B. Scott (09-09-1985. )Electrochemistry of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals: Coulometric Reduction of Pertechnetate in the Presence of HEDP .Padua, Italy.

H. D. Dewald, W. R. Heineman, and R. C. Elder (03-10-1986. )Direct Structural Determination for Solution Species Using EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry .Atlantic City, NJ.

P. J. Schofield*, W. R. Heineman, and E. A. Deutsch (03-1986. )Characterization of Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals Using High Performance Liquid Chromato-graphy .Atlantic City, NJ.

J. R. Kirchhoff*, W. R. Heineman, and E. A. Deutsch (04-1986. )Electrochemical and Spectroelectrochemical Studies of Cationic Rhenium Complexes with Chelating Phosphine Ligands .New York, NY.

H. B. Halsall*, W. R. Heineman, and D. S. Wright (05-1986. )Enzyme Immunoassay Using HPLC Column Switching with Amperometric Detection .San Francisco, CA.

C. E. Lunte*, T. H. Ridgway, and W. R. Heineman (05-1986. )Voltammetric Amperometric Detection for Flow Injection Analysis and Liquid Chromatography Using a Dual Electrode Detector .Cherry Hill, NJ.

J. L. Martin*, W. R. Heineman, and E. A. Deutsch (05-1986. )Electrochemical Preparation of Technetium Methylene Diphosphonate, (99mTc MDP), Radiopharma-ceuticals .Cherry Hill, NJ.

J. R. Kirchhoff*, W. R. Heineman, and E. A. Deutsch (05-1986. )Electrochemical and Spectroelectrochemical Studies of Cationic Rhenium Complexes with Chelating Phosphine Ligands .Cherry Hill, NJ.

Y. Ikariyama*, W. R. Heineman, and S. Yamauchi (1986. )Application of Conductive Polymer coated Electrode to Ion Chromatography .

Y. Ikariyama*, W. R. Heineman, and S. Yamauchi (1986. )Conductive Polymer Electrode as a Detector of Ion Chromatography .

H. B. Halsall* and W. R. Heineman (10-1986. )Electrochemical Immunoassay .Hobart, Australia.

V. Kumar* and W. R. Heineman (09-1986. )Thin Layer Osteryoung Square Wave Voltammetry and Square Wave Stripping Voltammetry .Anaheim, CA.

S. H. Jenkins*, H. B. Halsall, and W. R. Heineman (03-1987. )An Improved Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay for Rabbit IgG .Atlantic City, NJ.

S. D. Jackson*, H. B. Halsall, and W. R. Heineman (03-1987. )Determination of Alkaline Phosphatase Activity by Flow Injection Analysis with Electrochemical Detection .Atlantic City, NJ.

H. D. Dewald*, W. R. Heineman, and R. C. Elder (03-1987. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry of Coordination Complexes in Non Aqueous Solutions .Atlantic City, NJ.

D. M. Caster*, H. D. Dewald, W. R. Heineman, and R. C. Elder (03-1987. )Application of EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry to Structural Studies of Electroactive Species Immobilized on Polymer Coated Electrodes .Atlantic City, NJ, .

C. Galiatsatos*, J. E. Mark, and W. R. Heineman (03-1987. )Effective Immobilization of Redox Mediators in a Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)atrix by Using Gamma Irradiation Cross Linking .Atlantic City, NJ.

G. C. Barone III*, C. E. Lunte, and W. R. Heineman (03-1987. )Investigation of Enzyme Electrodes as Possible Biosensors .Atlantic City, NJ.

P. J. Schofield*, J. L. Martin, Jr., K. F. Libson, E. A. Deutsch, and W. R. Heineman (03-1987. )Blood Clearance Rates of HPLC Separated Technetium Radiopharmaceuticals .Atlantic City, NJ.

C. E. Lunte*, W. R. Heineman, and T. H. Ridgway (03-1987. )Voltammetric Amperometric Detection for Flow Injection Analysis and Liquid Chromatography Using a Dual electrode Detector .Atlantic City, NJ.

J. L. Martin, Jr.*, W. R. Heineman, and E. A. Deutsch (03-1987. )The Effect of Applied Potential on Electrochemically Reduced Technetium Diphosphonate Radiopharmaceuticals .Atlantic City, NJ.

C. E. Lunte*, W. R. Heineman, T. H. Ridgway (04-1987. )Voltammetric Amperometric Detection for Flow Injection Analysis and Liquid Chromatography Using a Dual Electrode Detector .Cardiff, Wales.

C. E. Lunte*, J. F. Wheeler, W. R. Heineman (05-1987. )Voltammetric Amperometric Detection for Liquid Chromatography .Schaumburg, IL.

J. R. Kirchhoff*, W. R. Heineman, E. Deutsch Electrochemical Properties of Cationic Rhenium and Technetium Complexes in Aqueous and Micellar Media .Denver, CO..

L. A. Coury*, E. M. Birch, W. R. Heineman (05-1987. )Gamma Irradiated, Polymer Coated Graphite and Carbon Fiber Electrodes with Enhanced Response to Catechol .Schaumburg, IL.

C. E. Lunte*, J. F. Wheeler, W. R. Heineman (05-1987. )Voltammetric Amperometric Detection for Flow Injection Analysis and Liquid Chromatography Using a Duel Electrode Detector .Lawrence, KS.

H. D. Dewald*, W. R. Heineman, R. C. Elder (10-1987. )Structural Analysis by EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry .Detroit, MI.

C. E. Lunte*, J. F. Wheeler, and W. R. Heineman (10-1987. )Voltammetric Amperometric Detection for Liquid Chromatography .Honolulu, Hawaii.

P. J. Schofield*, E. A. Deutsch, W. R. Heineman (02-1988. )Chromatographic Separation and Characterization of Technetium DPD Radiopharmaceutical Analogs .New Orleans, LA.

C. Galiatsatos*, J. E. Mark, W. R. Heineman (02-1988. )Gamma Irradiation as a Means of Developing Biosensors .New Orleans, LA.

E. M. Birch*, L. A. Coury, Jr., W. R. Heineman (02-1988. )Selective Properties of Electrodes Modified with Gamma–Irradiated Polymer Films .New Orleans, LA.

M. A. Abdelnasser*, E. A. Deutsch, W. R. Heineman (02-1988. )Separation of (NaBH4) Reduced 99mTc PAA Complexes by Anion Exchange High Performance Liquid Chromatography .New Orleans, LA.

L. A. Coury*, Jr., E. W. Huber, W. R. Heineman (02-1988. )Polymer Modified Microelectrodes for Chemical Sensor Applications. .New Orleans, LA.

E. W. Huber*, W. R. Heineman (02-1988. )Immobilization and Characterization of Dimethyldiallylammonium Chloride Modified Electrodes .New Orleans, LA.

C. E. Lunte*, K. F. Siddiqui, J. R. Kirchhoff, R. C. Elder, W. R. Heineman (02-1988. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry of Cu(DMP) Complexes Incorporated into Nafion on a Carbon Electrode .New Orleans, LA.

J. F. Wheeler*, C. E. Lunte, W. R. Heineman (02-1988. )Electrochemical Investigation of Procainamide and its Oxidized Metabolites .New Orleans, LA.

H. T. Tang*, C. E. Lunte, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (02-1988. )A Competitive Heterogeneous Electrochemical Enzyme Immunoassay Based on Detection of p Aminophenol .New Orleans, LA.

L. E. Adams, J. F. Wheeler, W. R. Heineman (05-1988. )Electrochemical Determination of Procainamide Metabolites: Functional Assessment of Effects on Murine Cells In Vitro .Houston, TX.

M. A. A. Nasser*, E. Deutsch and W. R. Heineman (03-1989. )Liquid Chromatographic Characterization and Biological Distributions of Technetium Labeled Phosphonacetic Acid Radiopharmaceuticals .Atlanta, GA.

K. Hajizadeh*, C. Galiatsatos, J. E. Mark, and W. R. Heineman (03-1989. )Chemical Crosslinking as a Means for Developing Biosensors: Application of Polyurethane Technology to Bioelectrochemistry .Atlanta, GA.

G. C. Barone, III* and W. R. Heineman (03-1989. )Electrochemical Determination of AZT in Human Plasma .Atlanta, GA.

W. R. Heineman, L. A. Coury, Jr.*, C. Galiatsatos, K. Hajizadah, E. W. Huber, D. A. Smith, and S. K. Sponaugle (04-1989. )Electroanalysis at Gamma Irradiated Polymer Modified Electrodes .Dallas, TX.

S. H. Jenkins, H. B. Halsall*, W. R. Heineman (05-1989. )Subattomole Electrochemical Immunoassay Using Ion Pair Reagents .Los Angeles, CA.

H. Emons*, T. Schmidt, W. R. Heineman Lipid and Protein Behavior and Analysis at Electrodes .Loughborough, United Kingdom.

W. R. Heineman (06-1989. )Immuno Based Biosensors .Washington, D.C.

J. L. Martin, J. Yuan, K. Libson, R. C. Elder, W. R. Heineman and E. Deutsch (02-1989. )EXAFS Structural Studies on Technetium and Rhenium Diphosphonates .St. Louis, MO.

E. Deutsch*, T. Konno, K. Okamoto, M. J. Heeg, W. R. Heineman, J. R. Kirchhoff and J. Peake (06-1989. )The Inorganic Chemistry of a New Class of Mixed Ligand Technetium Complexes of Relevance to Nuclear Medicine .St. Louis, MO.

H. B. Halsall* and W. R. Heineman (09-1989. )Immunoassay and Electrochemistry .Nottingham University, England.

H. B. Halsall* and W. R. Heineman (09-1989. )Electrochemical Immunoassay at the Sub Attomole Level .Rochester, MN.

H. B. Halsall* and W. R. Heineman (10-1989. )Ultrasensitive Electrochemical Immunoassay .Morristown, New Jersey.

J. R. Kirchhoff*, W. R. Heineman, and E. A. Deutsch (12-1989. )Electrochemical Measurements in Surfactant Solutions .Honolulu, Hawaii.

H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman (04-1990. )Ultrasensitive Electrochemical Immunoassay .Boston, MA.

H. B. Halsall*, E. P. Gil, H. T. Tang, and W. R. Heineman (05-1990. )Competitive Heterogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay for Theophylline by Flow Injection Analysis with Electrochemical Detection (FIAEC) .Philadelphia, PA.

H. B. Halsall*, Y. Xu, and W. R. Heineman (07-1990. )Heterogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay for Alpha Fetoprotein Using Flow Injection Analysis with Electrochemical Detection .San Francisco, CA.

E. P. Gil*, H. T. Tang, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, A. S. Misiego (06-1990. )Competitive Enzyme Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection for Theophylline in Human Serum .Asturias, Spain.

Y. Xu, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (10-1990. )An Investigation of Blank Response in Flow Injection Analysis with Electrochemical Detection .Cleveland, OH.

R. Q. Thompson*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (10-1990. )Small Volume Electrochemical Immunoassay .Cleveland, OH.

D. H. Igo*, R. C. Elder, W.R. Heineman (10-1990. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry of Copper (Bathocuproine Disulfonic Acid) 2 in a Semi rigid Poly(DMDAAC) Matrix. .Cleveland, OH.

K. Hajizadeh*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (10-1990. )Immobilization of Lactate Oxidase in a Polyvinyl Alcohol Matrix on Platinized Graphite Electrodes by Chemical Crosslinking .Cleveland, OH.

J. F. Wheeler*, L. E. Adams, W. R. Heineman, R. Krueger, E. V. Hess (1990. )Interactions of N Oxidized Procainamide Metabolites with Mouse and Human Hemoglobin and Histone Subfractions .Cincinnati, OH.

H. B. Halsall*, K. Hajizadeh, W. R. Heineman (07-1990. )Electrochemical Sensors for Lactate Based on Lactate Oxidase in a Poly(vinyl alcohol)Matrix .Monterey, CA.

J. F. Wheeler, L. E. Adams*, W. R. Heineman, R. Krueger, and E. V. Hess (05-06-1990. )Interactions of N Oxidized Procainamide Metabolites with Mouse and Human Hemoglobin and Histone Subfractions .New Orleans, LA.

R. S. Tieman*, W. R. Heineman, J. Johnson and R. Seguin (03-1991. )A Solid State Electrochemical Oxygen Sensor .Chicago, IL.

S. K. Wheeler*, T. H. Ridgway and W. R. Heineman (03-1991. )An Automated System for the Analysis of Trace Metals by Anodic or Potentiometric Stripping .Chicago, IL.

J. F. Wheeler*, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman (03-1991. )Binding Characterization of Reactive Procainamide Metabolites with Hemoglobin and Histone Subfractions Using LCEC and FIAEC .Chicago, IL.

N. G. Maidment*, C. J. Evans, Y. Xu, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman (05-1991. )Microdialysis of CCK and Neurotensin in Rat Forebrain: Development and Application of Novel Sensitive Radio and Electrochemical Immunoassays .Indianapolis, IN.

G. P. Kreishman*, H. J. Johnson, T. Imato and W. R. Heineman (07-1991. )NMR Studies of the Mode of Interaction of Catechols with PNVP Polymers Used in Analyte Selective Microelectrodes .Richmond, VA.

J. R. Kirchhoff*, W. R. Heineman, E. A. Deutsch (1991. )Electrochemical and Spectroelectrochemical Studies of Rhenium(I) Complexes .Indianapolis, IN.

T. Imato*, H. J. Johnson, G. P. Kreishman and W. R. Heineman (1991. )Evaluation of Transport Parameters of Gamma Irradiated Poly(N Vinyl Pyrrolidone)Membrane for Catechol Sensor .Japan.

H. B. Halsall*, A. Kumari, Y. Xu, N. Kaneki, K. Yu and W. R. Heineman (1992. )Capillary Microimmunoassays at the Attomole Level .Boston.

K. L. Rauen*, D. A. Smith and W. R. Heineman, J. Johnson, R. Sequin, and P. Stoughton (03-1992. )A Humidity Sensor Based on the Conductive Polymer Poly(dimethyldiallylammonium chloride .New Orleans.

Y. Xu*, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman (03-1992. )Evaluation of Antibody Adsorption on Negatively Charged Polystyrene Plate for Solid Phase Immunoassay .New Orleans.

H. Yao*, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman (03-1992. )A Kinetic Homogeneous Enzyme Immunoassay for Theophylline by Flow Injection Analysis Using DCIP as a Redox Coupling Reagent for NADH .New Orleans.

F. J. Hayes, S. K. Wheeler*, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman (03-1992. )Electrochemical Immunoassay Using Flow Injection Potentiometric Stripping Analysis (FI PSA) .New Orleans.

H. J. Johnson*, T. Imato, G. P. Kreishman and W. R. Heineman (03-1992. )NMR and Electrochemical Studies on the Interaction of Poly(N vinyl–pyrrolidone)with Phenolic Compounds .New Orleans.

H. B. Halsall*, A. Kumari, N. Kaneki, Y. Xu and W. R. Heineman (04-1992. )Well Defined Capture Surfaces for Microimmunoassays. Application to Digoxin at the Femtogram Level .San Diego, CA.

C. J. Seliskar*, M. L. Jeng, E. Blubaugh, W. R. Heineman and E. A. Deutsch (05-1992. )A Miniature Fiber Optic Absorbance Sensor for Tc 99m Imaging Agents .Geneva, Switzerland.

G. P. Kreishman*, H. J. Johnson, T. Imato and W. R. Heineman (05-1992. )NMR Studies of the Interaction of Catecholamines and Related Phenolic Compounds with PNVP Polymers Used in Analyte Selective Microelectrodes .Geneva, Switzerland.

F. J. Hayes*, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman (05-1992. )Multianalyte Immunoassay for Proteins .Cincinnati.

T. Imato*, H. Morioka and W. R. Heineman (09-1992. )Catechol Sensor Based on Ascorbate Oxidase Immobilized Polymer Modified Graphite Electrode .Tokyo, Japan.

R. C. Elder*, W. R. Heineman (12-1992. )EXAFS Studies of Film Coated Electrodes .Funchal, Madeira.

B. L. Ramos*, E. A. Blubaugh, W. R. Heineman (03-1993. )Gamma Irradiation Induced Grafting of Polymer Films to PTFE Shielded Microelectrodes .Atlanta, GA.

B. H. Swaile*, E. A. Blubaugh, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-1993. )Electrochemical and Spectroscopic Evaluation of Nafion Polymer as a Preconcentrating Medium for Radiopharmaceutical Imaging Agents Using RE(DMPE)3CF3SO3 as a Non–Radioactive Model .Atlanta, GA.

Y. Deng*, R. O. Rigney, R. C. Elder, W. R. Heineman (03-1993. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemistry of Amalgams: Electrochemical Design and Structure Analysis of Tl–Hg .Atlanta, GA.

A. L. Wilson*, H. Emons, S. B. Hoath, W. L. Pickens, W. R. Heineman (03-1993. )Electrochemical Determination of Stratus Corneum Membrane Permeability .Atlanta, GA.

R. O. Rigney*, Y. Deng, R. C. Elder, W. R. Heineman (03-1993. )Spectroelectrochemical Characterization of Electrodes Modified with Ruthenium Purple (RP) Films .Atlanta, GA.

B. L. Ramos*, E. A. Blubaugh and W. R. Heineman (05-1993. )Gamma Irradiation Induced Grafting of Polymer Films to PTFE Shielded Microelectrodes .Indianapolis, Indiana.

K. Yu*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (05-1993. )Ultrafiltration Coupled with Capillary Enzyme Electrochemical Immunoassay for Digoxin .Indianapolis, Indiana.

T. Jiang*, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman (05-1993. )Capillary Enzyme Immunoassay with Amperometric Flow Injection Analysis for Triazine Compounds .Indianapolis, Indiana.

L. C. Washburn, Y. P. Deng, B. Chen, E. B. Silberstein, M. J. Gelfand, W. R. Heineman, E. A. Deutsch, H. R. Maxon (06-1993. )Tc–99m–CBPAO, An Agent for Brain Perfusion Scintigraphy .Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

H. Emons*, G. Wittstock, T. H. Ridgway, W. R. Heineman (09-1993. )Characterization of Local Interfacial Reactivities with a Scanning Electrochemical Microscope .Berlin, Germany.

G. Wittstock*, H. Emons, W. R. Heineman (10-1993. )In-situ Charakerisierung von modifizierten Elektroden und biochemisch aktiven Oberflachen mittels elektrochemischer Rastermikroskopie (SECM) .Diskussionstagung, Mainz .

C. J. Seliskar*, D. A. Landis, W. R. Heineman (10-1993. )A Fiber Optic Absorbance Sensor for 99mTc Imaging Agents .Detroit, Michigan.

Y. Deng*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (10-1993. )Electrochemical Sensors for Radiopharmaceutical Imaging Agents: Electrochemical Behavior of ([Re)DMPE)3]CF3SO3 at Bare and Nafion Coated Electrodes .Detroit, Michigan.

K. Hajizadeh*, H. T. Tang, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (10-1993. )Chemical Cross–Linking of a Redox Mediator Thionin for Electroanalytical Oxidation of NADH .Detroit, Michigan.

G. Wittstock*, W. R. Heineman (11-1993. )Application of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SECM) for the Characterization of Biosensor Components .Munster, Germany.

K. J. Yu*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (1994. )Capillary Enzyme Electrochemical Immunoassay Coupled with Ultrafiltration for Digoxin .Chicago, IL.

B. H. Swaile*, E. A. Blubaugh, W. R. Heineman (1994. )Evaluation of Nafion Modified Carbon Microelectrodes as Sensors for Radiopharmaceutical Imaging Agents .Chicago, IL.

R. O. Rigney*, R. C. Elder, W. R. Heineman (1994. )EXAFS Spectroelectrochemical Analysis of Gold Electrodes Modified with Ruthenium-Purple Films .Chicago, IL.

T. Jiang*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (1994. )Development of a Capillary Enzyme Immunoassay for the Determination of Atrazine in Water Sample .Chicago, IL.

Y. Deng*, G. Reeder, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (1994. )Development of Electrochemical Sensors for Characterization and Determination of Radiopharmaceuticals. .Chicago, IL.

R. L. Ramos*, E. A. Blubaugh, A. J. Horn, W. R. Heineman (1994. )Polymer Modified Microelectrode as a Sensor for Analogs of Tc-Based Radiopharmaceuticals .Chicago, IL.

E. Rohde*, W. R. Heineman, J. G. Dorsey (10-1994. )Investigations of Re-analogues of 99mTc-Bone Imaging Agents by Capillary Electrophoresis .

E. Rohde*, W. R. Heineman, J. G. Dorsey (03-1995. )Investigations of Re-analogues of 99mTc-Bone Imaging Agents by Capillary Electrophoresis .New Orleans, LA.

M. Lee*, E. A. Blubaugh, W. R. Heineman (03-1995. )Development of a Nafion Gel-Based Modified Electrode for Detection of Hydrophobic Cations .New Orleans, LA.

G. Reeder*, E. A. Blubaugh, W. R. Heineman (03-1995. )Development of an Electrochemical Sensor for the Detection of Lead .New Orleans, LA.

B. H. Swaile*, W. R. Heineman (03-1995. )Development of a Nafion Modified Electrochemical Sensor for in Vivo Radiopharmaceutical Monitoring .New Orleans, LA.

E. A. Blubaugh*, B. L. Ramos, W. R. Heineman (03-1995. )Studies of Composite Ion Exchange Membranes Formed from Gamma Radiation Initiated Grafting of Polymers to Modified Expanded Teflon Membranes .New Orleans, LA.

E. A. Blubaugh*, L. R. Shao, B. H. Swaile, M. T. Lee, W. R. Heineman (03-1995. )Polymer Modified Electrodes Based on Nafion Gels with Different Tri-Alkyl Phosphate Plasticizers: An Electrochemical Characterization of Several Large Hydrophobic Cations of Environmental Interest .New Orleans, LA.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, T. Jiang, K. J. Yu, S. P. Jenkins, H. Yao (03-1995. )Electrochemical Immunoassay: Pushing Down the Limit of Detection .New Orleans, LA.

M. Situmorang*, S. Thahir and W. R. Heineman (07-1995. )The Analysis of Electroactive Organic Compounds by CV and HPLC-EC .Darwin, Australia.

H. Emons*, G. Wittstock, W. R. Heineman, T. Ridgway (10-1995. )In-situ Characterization of Analytical Electrodes with Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy .Cincinnati, OH.

E. Rohde*, W. R. Heineman, J. G. Dorsey (10-1995. )Characterization of Re- and Tc-Based Radiopharmaceuticals by Capillary Electrophoresis .Cincinnati, OH.

E. A. Blubaugh*, B. L. Ramos, W. R. Heineman (10-1995. )Studies of Composite Ion Exchange Membranes Formed from Gamma Radiation Initiated Grafting of Polymers to Expanded Teflon Membrane .Cincinnati, OH.

B. L. Ramos*, W. R. Heineman (10-1995. )Electrochemical Sensors for Radiopharmaceutical Analogs .Cincinnati, OH.

C. Cutler*, Z. Jiang, B. Chen, L. Shao, Y. P. Ding, W. R. Heineman, T. Maina, F. Tisato, C. Seliskar, E. Deutsch (1995. )Effects of Stability and Lipophilicity on the Brain Extraction and Retention of 99mTc-PAO Complexes .Vancouver, B. C. Canada.

G. Reeder*, W. R. Heineman (03-1996. )Electrochemical Determination of Low Lead Concentrations with a Disposable Carbon Sensor .Chicago, IL.

H. Gao*, T. Jiang, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, J. Caruso (03-1996. )Capillary Enzyme Immunoassay with Electrochemical Detection for Determining Indole-3-Acetic Acid in Plant Embryos .Chicago, IL.

M. R. Lee*, T. McGoron, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-1996. )Development of Nafion Modified Microelectrodes for In Vivo Sensing of Re-Based Imaging Agents. .Chicago, IL.

C. O. Dasenbrock*, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway, W. R. Heineman (03-1996. )(342) Investigation of Electrochemical Properties of a Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)Poly(Acrylic Acid) Polymer Blend. .Chicago, IL.

H. Shen*, C. J. Seliskar, H. B. Mark, W. R. Heineman (08-1996. )Stripping Voltammetry of Copper and Lead using Self-assembled Monolayer Modified Gold Electrode .Orlando, FL.

Z. Hu*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-1997. )A Nafion-Modified Carbon Electrode Incorporating a Neutral Chelating Agent for Voltammetric Determination of Lead .Atlanta, GA.

H. Shen*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, M. D. Petit-Dominguez (03-1997. )Electrochemical Behavior of Graphite Electrodes Modified by Spin-Coating with Sol-Gel Entrapped Ionomers. .Atlanta, GA.

A. Slaterbeck*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-1997. )A Polymer-Coated Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .Atlanta, GA.

H. Gao*, A. M. Stalcup, W. R. Heineman (06-12-1997. )Separation of Catecholamines and Methyldopa by Capillary Electrophoresis with Dendrimers as Buffer Additives .Cincinnati, OH.

C. J. Seliskar*, W. R. Heineman, Y. Shi, A. Slaterbeck, S. Aryal, T. H. Ridgway, J. H. Nevin (10-1997. )New Spectroelectrochemical Sensor, .Gatlinburg, TN.

W. R. Heineman (09-1997. )Teaching Research Via Collaborative Projects .Las Vegas, NE.

A. Slaterbeck*, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (10-1997. )Signal Acquisition Techniques in Spectroelectrochemical Sensing .Gatlinburg, TN.

Y. Shi*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (10-1997. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensing: Three-Mode Selectivity Achieved Simultaneously in a Single Device .Gatlinburg, TN.

W. R. Heineman*, A. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway (10-1997. )Novel Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .Shanghai, China.

J.-W. Choi*, Y. Ding, C. Ahn, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, (10-1997. )(3A Microchip Electrochemical Immunosensor Fabricated Using Micromachining Techniques .

C. J. Seliskar*, W. R. Heineman, Y. Shi, A. F. Slaterbeck, S. Aryal, T. H. Ridgway, J. H. Nevin (01-1998. )New Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .

C. J. Seliskar*, Y. Shi, L. Gao, M. R. Clager, A. F. Slaterbeck, W. R. Heineman (01-1998. )New Chemically Selective Optical Materials for Waveguide Sensors .

Z. Hu*, W. R. Heineman (03-1998. )Speciation of Redox Couples with Voltammetric Microelectrodes .New Orleans, LA.

M. Maizels*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-1998. )Graphite Electrodes Coated with PDMDAAC Network Films Cross-Linked by Gamma-Irradiation .New Orleans, LA.

A. F. Slaterbeck*, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-1998. )Investigation of Excitation Waveforms in Spectroelectrochemical Sensing .New Orleans, LA.

W. R. Heineman*, A. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, Z. Hu, M. Maizels, M. Clager, S. Ross, C. J. Seliskar, T. H. Ridgway (05-20-1998. )Spectroelectrochemistry: The Combination of Optical and Electrochemical Techniques .

M. A. Cousino*, M. T. Fernandez-Abedul, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (05-1998. )Comparison Between Two Buffer Systems for Enhanced p-Aminophenol Stability .Cleveland, OH.

W. R. Heineman*, C. Ahn*, H. B. Halsall, T. Henderson. (06-1998. )A Generic Microfluidic System for Remote Sensors .Hilton Head, SC.

C. H. Ahn*, T. Henderson, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall (10-1998. )Development of A Generic Microfluidic System for Electrochemical Immunoassay-Based Remote Bio/Chemical Sensors .Banff, Canada.

C. J. Seliskar*, W. R. Heineman, T. H. Ridgway, S. Ross, M. Maizels, M. Clager, A. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, L. Gao, S. Aryal, J. Nevin (11-01-1998. )Spectrochemical Sensors-Materials, Incorporation of Planar Waveguide Technologies, and Instrumentation .Boston, MA.

W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, M. Cousino, A. Wijayawardhana*, S. Purushothama, Y. Ding. L. Zhou, J. W. Choi, C. Ahn, T. Hernderson, G. Wittstock (12-1998. )Electrochemical Immunosensors Based on MEMS Technology .Las Vegas, NV.

M. A. Cousino*, M. Teresa Fernandez-Abedul, M. E. Dotson, H. Brian Halsall, W. R. Heineman, A. R. Pinhas (12-1998. )A Comparison Between Two Buffer Systems for Enhanced p-Aminophenol Stability .Las Vegas, NV.

W. R. Heineman, C. Ahn*, H. B. Halsall, T. Henderson (12-1998. )A Generic Microfluidic System for Remote Sensors .San Diego, CA.

W. R. Heineman*, H. B. Halsall, M. A. Cousino, A. Wijayawardhana, S. Purushothama, S. Kradtap, J. W. Choi, C. Ahn, T. Henderson (03-1999. )Electrochemical Immunoassay with Microfluidic Systems .Orlando, FL.

A. F. Slaterbeck*, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-1999. )Effect of Ensemble Averaging on the Limit of Detection in a New Multimode Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .Orlando, FL.

M. Maizels*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan (03-1999. )Testing of the New Spectroelectrochemical Sensor with a Ferrocyanide Simulant Solution .Orlando, FL.

S. R. Ross*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman, S. Aryal, J. H. Nevin (03-1999. )Development of a New Waveguide Design for a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .Orlando, FL.

S. Purushothama*, M. A. Cousino, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall (03-1999. )Small Volume Immunoassay Using Magnetic Microbeads, .Orlando, FL.

J. Divirgilio-Thomas*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-1999. )Development of a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Biomolecules .Orlando, FL.

G. Wittstock*, C. A. Wijayawardhana, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (04-1999. )SECM Imaging of Renewable and Biologically Active Microstructures Consisting of Paramagnetic Particles .Universitat Munchen, Germany.

S. E. Ross*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (08-1999. )Development of New Spectroelectrochemical Waveguide Sensors .New Orleans, LA.

C. H. Ahn*, H. T. Henderson, S. Bhansali, J. H. Nevin, A. J. Helmicki, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, K. T. Schlueter (10-19-1999. )A Portable Biochemical Detection System Using BioMEMS-Based Microfluidic Modules, .

M. L. Stegemiller*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2000. )Development and Evaluation of a Portable Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .New Orleans, LA.

M. R. Clager*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2000. )Development of a Total Internal Reflectance Spectroelectrochemical Sensor Utilizing Paraquat as the Target Analyte .New Orleans, LA.

S. Purushothama*, A. Wijayawardhana, K. Schlueter, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-2000. )Small Volume Dendrimer-Immunomagnetic Bead-Based Assays .New Orleans, LA.

S. Kradtap*, A. Wijayawardhana, K. Schlueter, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-2000. )Bug-Bean an Artificial Microorganism Model as a harmless Simulant for Pathogenic Microorganisms .New Orleans, LA.

J-W. Choi, C. A. Wijayawardhana, N. Okulan, K. W. Oh, A. Han, S. Bhansali, V. Govind, K. T. Schlueter, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, J. H. Nevin, A. J. Helmicki, H. T. Henderson, C. H. Ahn (05-2000. )Development and Characterization of A Generic Microfluidic subsystem toward Portable Biochemical Detection .University of Twente, Netherlands.

W. R. Heineman*, C. A. Wijayawardhana, H. B. Halsall, C. Lannes, T. H. Ridgway, J. Nevin (05-2000. )A Fully Automated Electrochemical Immunosensor and System Using Microfabricated Parts .San Diego, CA.

W. R. Heineman*, M. Maizels, M. Stegemiller, J. DiVirgilio-Thomas, S. Ross, M. Wanamaker, M. Clager, A. Slaterbeck, Y. Shi, L. Gao, T. H. Ridgway, C. J. Seliskar (06-2000. )Combining Electrochemistry and Spectroscopy into a Single Sensor .Bonn, Germany.

T. L. Hubler*, S. A. Bryan, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (08-2000. )Selective Ion-exchange films for technetium Sensors .Washington, DC.

I. Zudans*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2001. )Ellipsometric Study of Thin Sol-Gel Silica Films for Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .New Orleans, LA.

S. D. Conklin*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (08-2001. )Evaluation of a Novel Silica Composite Containing Quaternized poly(4-vinylpyridine) as an Anion Exchanger for use in a Chemical Sensor for Technetium in the Symposium on Advances in Radioanalytical Techniques .Chicago, IL.

I. Zudans*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2002. )Dynamics of Chemically Selective Films and Their Thickness Optimization for Sensor Applications .New Orleans, LA.

S. D. Conklin*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2002. )A Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Pertechnetate Based on a Quaternized Poly(4-vinylpyridine)-SiO2 Film .New Orleans, LA.

D. J. Monk*, T. H. Ridgway, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, T. L. Hubler, S. A. Bryan (03-2002. )Computer-Controlled Remote Spectroelectrochemical Instrument .New Orleans, LA.

D. J. Monk*, T. H. Ridgway, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan, T. L. Hubler (08-2002. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Pertechnetate in the Vadose Zone in the symposium on Additional Aspects of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology .Boston, MA.

J. R. Paddock*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2003. )Characterization of Poly(vinyl alcohol)-Poly(vinylbenzyltrimethylammonium chloride) Blend Films and Their Use in the Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .Orlando, FL.

A. T. Maghasi*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2003. )Development of Spectroelectrochemical Sensors for Monitoring Mercury and Lead .Orlando, FL.

J. H. Thomas*, S. K. Kim, P. J. Hesketh, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-2003. )Microbead-based Electrochemical Immunoassay with Interdigitated Array Electrodes .Orlando, FL.

D. J. Monk*, T. H. Ridgway, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2003. )Ligands and Their Polymerizeable Analogs as Analog Tools for Spectroelectrochemicl Sensing .Orlando, FL.

P. A. Limbach*, W. D. Dominick, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, L. J. Jin, J. Mecomber, D. E. Starkey, K. R. Wehmeyer (09-2003. )Bioassays and Molecular Characterization by Microchip CE .New York, NY.

Z. P. Aguilar*, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (10-2003. )Development of Small Volume Electrochemical Bead-based Immunoassay for Bioterrorism Agents in Water .Orlando, FL.

C. Wansapura*, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (03-2004. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor Towards Speciation of Aqueous Iron .Chicago, IL.

C. Zhou*, K. Wehmeyer, M. Stella, Y. Jin, J. Kenseth, W. R. Heineman (03-2004. )High-Throughput pKa Determination by Pressure-Assisted Multiplexed Capillary Electrophoresis .Chicago, IL.

S. D. Conklin*, D. J. Monk, J. R. Paddock, N. Kaval, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-2004. )Toward a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Pertechnetate, in the symposium on Analytical Chemistry in Nuclear Technology Developments in Sensor Technology .Anaheim, CA.

C. J. Seliskar*, W. R. Heineman (05-2004. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensors Based on Multimode Selectivity Simultaneously Achievable in a Single Device .Santa Fe, NM.

J. H. Thomas*, S. K. Kim, P. J. Hesketh, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (08-2004. )Bead-based Electrochemical Immunoassay for Bacteriophage MS2 .Philadelphia, PA.

I. Nikcevic*, A. Bange, E. T. K. Peterson, I. Papautsky, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar (01-2005. )Adsorption of Fluorescently Labeled Microbeads on PDMS Surfaces in the Symposium on Microfluidics .San Jose, CA.

J. Tu*, A. Jurkevica, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (02-2005. )Rapid Detection of E. coli O157:H7 in Finished Drinking Water Using a Paramagnetic Bead Based Immunoassay with Fluorescence Detection .Orlando, FL.

D. K. Y. Wong*, J. Tu, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (07-2005. )A Versatile Electrochemical Immunoassay for the Simultaneous Detection of Multiple Analytes .Darling Harbour, Australia.

A. Piruska*, I. Nikcevic, S. H. Lee, C. H. Ahn, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (08-2005. )Laser induced fluorescence detection system for multi-lane plastic microchips in the Symposium on Sensors/Biosensors-Microfluidics .Washington, DC.

S. Bryan*, A.S. Del Negro, Z. Wang, T.L. Hubler, W.R. Heineman, C.J. Seliskar, P.B. Sullivan (06-2006. )Characterization of Trans-dioxotechnetium(V) and Technetium(II)phosphine Excited States and Spectroelectrochemical Detection of Pertechnetate .Reno, NV.

A. Bange*, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, Y.-H. Yun, M. J. Schulz, V. Shanov (07-2006. )Carbon Nanotube Array Immunosensor Development .Cincinnati, OH.

U. B. Tiwari*, S. M. Farrell, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (05-2007. )Dendrimer-modified Beads as a Solid Support for Immunoassay in the Symposium on Chemical & Biological Sensors II .Covington, KY.

C. A. Currie*, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall (05-2007. )Polyelectrolyte Multilayers and Microchip CE: Application to Polymer Microchips in the Symposium on Nanotechnology & Novel Devices General Session .Covington, KY.

D. M. Hatch *, A. Jurkevica, R. R. Kale, K. T. Schlueter, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, S. S. Iyer (05-2007. )Synthetic Multivalent Glycoconjugates for Front End Capture of E. coli in the Symposium on Chemical & Biological Sensors III .Covington, KY.

N. R. Mwale *, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall (05-2007. )The Reaction of Tryptophan Side Chain with Aqueous Chlorine in the Symposium on Bio-inspired Synthetic Chemistry I. .Covington, KY.

A. Bange, J. Tu, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman *, X. Zhu, C. H. Ahn (05-2007. )Electrochemical Immunoassay of MS2 Phage: Detection with a Nanoscale Interdigitated Array in the Symposium on Chemical & Biological Sensors IV .Covington, KY.

S. E. Andria *, C. J. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (05-2007. )Characterization of a Novel Thin Film Material for Chemical Sensing in the Symposium on Chemical & Biological Sensors V .Covington, KY.

I. Nikcevic*, P. A. Limbach, K. R. Wehmeyer, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (08-2007. )Determination of a Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor – Aptamer Photo-Crosslink .Boston, MA.

U. B. Tiwari*, S. Farrell, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (08-2007. )Sandwich Immunoassays Using Dendrimer-Modified Beads .Boston, MA.

S. Muncharoen*, D. Nacapricha, O. Chailapakul, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (08-2007. )Determination of Transferrin Using an Enzyme Labeled Pertechnetate .Boston, MA.

C. J. Seliskar*, W. R. Heineman, S. Bryan, A. S. Del Negro (08-2007. )Fluorescence-Based Sensor for Pertechnetate .Boston, MA.

S. Andria*, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (09-2007. )Spectroelectrochemical Characterization and Selectivity Concept Demonstration with a Novel Thin Film Material for Chemical Sensing in the Symposium on Electroanaylsis and Electrochemical Sensors .Banff, Canada.

A. Bange, D. K. Y. Wong*, C. J. Seliskar, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (01-2005. )Microscale Immunosensors for Biological Agents in the Symposium on Microfluidics, BioMEMS and Medical Microsystems III .San Jose, CA.

N. Mwale, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman (03-02-2008. )The Effect of Dissolved Chlorine on an MS2 Bacteriophage Immunoassay as Studied by Electrochemical and Fluorescence Detection in the Symposium on Bioanalytical Electrochemistry I .New Orleans, LA.

L. Morris, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-02-2008. )Spectroelectrochemical Detection of [Re(dmpe)3]+ (dmpe=1,2-bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane) .New Orleans, LA.

A. Dupre, P. A. Limbach, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, C. J. Seliskar, K. Wehmeyer (03-02-2008. )Assessing the Performance of a Dynamic Loading Electrokinetic Injection in Assessing the Performance of a Dynamic Loading Electrokinetic Injection in Chip CE .New Orleans, LA.

D. M. Hatch*, A. Jurkevica, E. Riley, R. R. Kale, K. T. Schlueter, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, A. Weiss, S. S. Iyer (04-06-2008. )Synthesis of Biotinylated bi- and tetra-antennary Glycoconjugates for Escherichia coli Detection in the Symposium on Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry .New Orleans, LA.

G. Bodner*, C. Gutierrez*, W. R. Heineman*, J. Moore*, S. Neal* (04-06-2008. )George C. Pimentel Award in Chemical Education: Symposium in Honor of Richard N. Zare: Intersystem Crossing in Chemical Education .New Orleans, LA.

S. S. Iyer*, R. R. Kale, D. M. Hatch, C. McGannon, C. Fuller-Schaefer, A. Jurkevica, M. J. Flager, H. B. Halsall, W. R. Heineman, A. A. Weiss (04-06-2008. )Synthetic Glycoconjugates for the Precise Detection of Toxins and Pathogens .New Orleans, LA.

W. R. Heineman*, L. Morris, C. Seliskar, A. Del Negro, S. Bryan (10-12-2008. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for [Re(dmpe)3]+ Where dmpe = 1,2-bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane in Spectro-Electrochemistry and Surface Spectroscopy .Honolulu, HI.

S. Andria*, C. Seliskar, W. R. Heineman (10-12-2008. )Simultaneous Detection of Pb2+ and Fe2+ Using a Spectroelectrochemical Sensor .Honolulu, HI.

A. Doepke*, C. Han, W. R. Heineman (02-28-2010. )Treating Carbon Nanotube Arrays to Increase the Oxygen Species for Further Functionalization in the Symposium on SEAC Organized Session – Electrochemistry and Materials .Orlando, FL.

X. Guo*, A. Doepke, W. R. Heineman, A. Kulkarni (02-28-2010. )Label-free Electrochemical Detection of E. coli ORN178 in the Symposium on Sensors for Bioanalysis .Orlando, FL.

S. Chatterjee*, M. K. Edwards, Z. Wang, A. S. Del Negro, S. A. Bryan, J. A. Krause, N. Kaval, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (03-27-2011. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for the Detection of Pertechnetate (TcO4-) .Anaheim, CA.

S. Chatterjee*, M, K. Edwards, Z. Wang, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan (09-28-2011. )Designing a Luminescence Based Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for the Detection of Pertechnetate (TcO4-) .Denver, CO.

M. Ramanathan*, Y. Yun, V. Shanov, M. Schulz, W. R. Heineman, P. N. Kumta (10-09-2011. )(643) Carbon Nanotube Nanoelectrode Array Immunosensor for Bone Biomarkers .Boston, MA.

C. A. Schroll*, S. Chatterjee, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan (06-26-2011. )(641) Semi-Infinite Linear Diffusion Spectroelectrochemistry on a Micro-Drop .Portland, OR.

S. Chatterjee*, M. K. Edwards, S. A. Bryan, Z. Wang, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar (06-26-2011. )(642) A New Luminescence Based Sensor for the Detection of Pertechnetate (TcO4-) .Portland, OR.

C. Han*, A. Doepke, W. Cho, A. A. de la Cruz, W. R. Heineman, H. B. Halsall, V. N. Shanov, M. J. Schulz, V. Likodimos, P. Falaras, D. D. Dionysiou (03-25-2012. )Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes-based Biosensor for Monitoring Cyanotoxins in Drinking Water Sources .San Diego, CA.

S. Chatterjee*, M. K. Edwards, Z. Wang, W. R. Heineman, C. J. Seliskar, S. A. Bryan (03-25-2012. )(653) Designing a Luminescent Sensor for Pertechnetate (TcO4-), .San Diego, CA.

C. A. Schroll*, S. Chatterjee, W. R. Heineman, T. Levitskaia, S. A. Bryan (03-17-2013. )Effects of Changing the Eutectic Melt Composition on the Electrochemical Properties of Europium (III) Chloride Under Pyroprocessing Conditions in the Symposium on Process Analytical Chemistry .Philadelphia, PA.

C. A. Schroll*, S. Chatterjee, T. G. Levitskaia, W. R. Heineman, S. A. Bryan (07-21-2013. )Exploring the Effects of Melt Composition and Temperature on Electrochemical Properties of Europium(III) Chloride Under Pyroprocessing Conditions .Corvallis, OR.

T. Wang*, K. T. Schlueter, B. L. Riehl, J. M. Johnson, W. R. Heineman (09-08-2013. )Simplified Nitrate Reductase Based Nitrate Dection Method by Thin Layer Controlled Potential Coulometry and Griess Reaction in the Symposium Electroanalytical Measurements .Indianapolis, IN.

T. Wang*, B. L. Riehl, J. Correa, W. R. Heineman (03-02-2014. )Electrochemical Studies of Catalyst Free Carbon Nanotube Electrodes and Its Potential Applications in Eu3+ and Dopamine Detections in the Symposium on Nanotechnology: Sensors and Electrochemistry .Chicago, IL. Professional Meeting.

S. D. Branch*, J. Lynch, J. M. Bello, S. A. Bryan, W. R. Heineman (06-22-2014. )Characterization and Optimization of a Thin-film Micro-fabricated Sensor .Missoula, MT. Professional Meeting.

T. Wang*, K. T. Schlueter, J. M. Johnson, B. L. Riehl, W. R. Heineman (08-10-2014. )Simplified Nitrate Reductase Based Nitrate Biosensor in the Symposium Advances in Electrochemistry .San Francisco, CA. Professional Meeting.

S. A. Bryan*, A. Crawford, B. M. Rapko, S. D. Branch, J. M. Bello, W. R. Heineman (03-08-2015. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Technetium Applicable to Hanford and Other DOE Sites in the Symposium on ACS DAC – Applications of Analytical and Radiochemistry for Harsh Environments, .New Orleans, LA.

K. O. Ojo*, W. R. Heineman, S. Pixley, T. Hopkins (03-08-2015. )Conductivity as a Sensing Tool for Monitoring Magnesium Corrosion Under Cell Culture Conditions in the Symposium on Electrochemical Techniques for Biomedical Monitoring .New Orleans, LA.

C. A. Rusinek*, A. Bange, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky (03-08-2015. )Anodic Stripping Voltammetry of Cadmium After a Ligandless Cloud Point Extraction in the Symposium on Environment – Metals Determination .New Orleans, LA.

C. A. Rusinek*, A. Bange, I. Papautsky, W. R. Heineman (03-22-2015. )Cloud Point Extraction for Electroanalysis: Anodic Stripping Voltammetry of Cadmium in the Symposium on Advances in Electrochemistry .Denver, CO.

W. Kang, X. Pei, A. Bange, E. Haynes, W. R. Heineman*, I. Papautsky (05-24-2015. )Point-of-Care Sensor with Interdigitated Array Electrodes for Lead Determination .Chicago, IL.

A. Lines*, S. D. Branch, W. R. Heineman, S. B. Clark, S. A. Bryan (06-21-2015. )Formation and Subsequent Spectroelectrochemical Sensing of Ru and Eu Species in Both Solution and Ion Selective Films .Pocatello, ID.

S. D. Branch*, J. Bello, S. A. Bryan, W. R. Heineman (06-21-2015. )Microfabricated Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for the Detection of Technetium .Pocatello, ID.

L. Zhang*, D. DeArmond, N. Alvarez, D. Zhao, T. Wang, G. Hou, R. Malik, W. R. Heineman (06-24-2015. )Three-Dimensional Graphene for High Performance Pseudocapacitor Electrode .Columbus, OH.

A. Lines*, S. D. Branch, W. R. Heineman, S. B. Clark, S. A. Bryan (08-16-2015. )Formation and Subsequent Spectroelectrochemical Sensin go Ru and Eu Species in Both Solution and Ion Selective Films in the Analytical Chemistry in Nuclear Technology Symposium .Boston, MA.

S. D. Branch*, J. Bello, S. A. Bryan, W. R. Heineman (08-16-2015. )Thin-film Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for Technetium in the Analytical Chemistry in Nuclear Technology Symposium .Boston, MA.

C. A. Rusinek*, A. F. Bange, I. Papautsky, W. R. Heineman (08-16-2015. )Trace Detection of Manganese Using Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry with an Indium Tin Oxide Working Electrode Coated with a Charge Selective Polymer Film in the Symposium on New Developments and Applications of Electrochemistry .Boston, MA.

D. Zhao, T. Wang, X. Guo, J. Kuhlmann, A. Doepke, Z. Dong, V. Shanov, W. R. Heineman* (02-14-2016. )Monitoring Biodegradation of Magnesium Implants with Sensors in the Symposium on Magnesium-based Biodegradable Implants-Corrosion/Market and Clinic .Nashville, TN.

S. D. Branch*, A. D. rench, A. M. Lines, B. M. Rapko, S. A. Bryan, W. R. Heineman (03-06-2016. )Pretreatment and Spectroelectrochemical Sensing of Re(I)-Carbonyl Complexes in the Symposium on Environmental Applications of Electrochemistry and Sensors .Atlanta, GA.

C. A. Rusinek*, W. R. Heineman, A. Bange, I. Papautsky, M. Warren (03-06-2016. )Cloud Point Extraction for Electroanalysis: Anodic Stripping Voltammetry of Lead in the Symposium on Environmental Applications of Electrochemistry and Sensors .Atlanta, GA.

W. Kang*, C. A. Rusinek, A. Bange, E. Haynes, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky (03-06-2016. )Determination of Manganese Using Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry on a Platinum Electrode in the Symposium on Clinical/Toxicology .Atlanta, GA.

D. Zhao*, T. Wang, N. Alvarez, V. N. Shanov, W. R. Heineman (05-18-2016. )Optically Transparent Carbon Nanotube Film Electrode for Thin Layer Spectroelectrochemistry in the Symposium on Methods & Applications of Analytical Chemistry in Occupational Health .Covington, KY.

V. Vogiazi*, L. Zhang, D. Zhao, N. Alvarez, S. Chae, L. Sagle, W. R. Heineman, V. N. Shanov, D. D. Dionysiou, I. Papautsky (05-18-2016. )Biosensors Development for Monitoring Cyanotoxins in Water Environment Systems in the Symposium on Materials Chemistry/Nanomaterials/Sensors .Covington, KY.

S. D. Branch*, J. Bello, S. A. Bryan, W. R. Heineman (05-18-2016. )Modified Thin-Film Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for the Detection of Technetium in Electroanalytical Chemistry in the Central Region-Special Symposium Honoring the Career of William Heineman .Covington, KY.

A. F. Bange*, C. A. Rusinek, W. Kang, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky (05-18-2016. )Determination of Manganese Using Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry in the Central Region-Special Symposium Honoring the Career of William Heineman .Covington, KY.

S. D. Branch*, J. Bello, S.A. Bryan, W. R. Heineman (06-26-2016. )Modified Spectroelectrochemial Sensor for the Detection of Technetium n the Symposium on Applications of Analytical & Radiochemistry for Harsh Environments .Anchorage, AK.

A. Lines*, Z. Wang, W. R. Heineman, S. B. Clark, S.A. Bryan (06-26-2016. )Spectroelectrochemial Sensors for the in situ Generation an Subsequent Analysis of Luminescent Complexes of Eu and Ru in the Symposium on Applications of Analytical & Radiochemistry for Harsh Environments .Anchorage, AK.

W. Kang, C. Rusinek, A. Bange, E.Haynes, W.R. Heineman*, I. Papautsky (10-02-2016. )Platinum Microscale Sensor for Electrochemical Determination of Manganese in the Symposium on Microfabricated and Nanofabricated Systems for MEMS/NEMS 12 .Honolulu, HI.

Cory A. Rusinek*, W. Kang, W. R. Heineman, I. Papautsky, B. Wehring, M. Petzold, M. F. Becker, T. Schuelke (06-06-2017. )Determination of Manganese in Whole Blood by Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry with Indium Tin Oxide .Dearborn, MI.

S. D. Branch*, A. Lines, B. M. Rapko, S. A. Bryan, W. R. Heineman (06-25-2017. )Spectroelectrochemical Sensor for the Detection of Technetium in Hanford Waste .Corvalis, OR.

C. A. Rusinek*, W. Kang, M. Becker, B. Wehring, I. Papautsky, A. Bange, W.R. Heineman, T. Schuelke (10-01-2017. )Determination of Manganese in Whole Blood by Stripping Analysis with Indium Tin Oxide .Washington, DC.

Symposium

W. R. Heineman (03-10-2011. )What Does the Next Generation of Chemistry Offer? .University of Cincinnati. UC.

W. R. Heineman*, C. J. Seliskar (03-27-2011. )Using Spectroelectrochemistry to Improve Sensor Selectivity .Anaheim, CA.

W. R. Heineman (04-24-2010. )Chemical Sensors Based on Spectroelectrochemistry .Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia.

Event Organized

Symposium on EAS Award for Outstanding Achievements in the Fields of Analytical Chemistry

Symposium on EAS Award for Outstanding Achievements in the Fields of Analytical Chemistry Symposium 11-17-2014 11-19-2014 Somerset, NJ Level:National

Emerging Technologies for Point-of-Care Biomonitoring

Emerging Technologies for Point-of-Care Biomonitoring Symposium 03-08-2015 03-12-2015 Pittcon Conference & Expo 2015, New Orleans, LA Level:National

Symposium on Wearable and Point-of-Care Sensor Technologies for Biomonitoring

Symposium on Wearable and Point-of-Care Sensor Technologies for Biomonitoring Prof. Meeting 03-06-2016 03-10-2016 Pittcon, Atlanta, GA Level:National

Symposium on Wearable and Point-of-Care Sensor Technologies for Biomonitoring

Symposium on Wearable and Point-of-Care Sensor Technologies for Biomonitoring Prof. Meeting 02-26-2018 03-01-2018 Orlando, FL Level:National

Honors and Awards

Sigma Xi Research Recognition Award, 1978

Cincinnati Chemist of the Year, 1983

Distinguished Scientist Award, 1984

Japanese Government Research Award for Foreign Specialists, 1987

George Rieveschl, Jr., Award for Distinguished Scientific Research, 1988

Alexander von Humboldt Senior Research Award for U.S. Scientists, 1989

McMicken Dean's Award for Distinguished Scholarship, 1993

Hans H. Jaffe Chemistry Faculty Award for Excellence, 1993

Charles N. Reilley Award in Electroanalytical Chemistry, 1995

University of Cincinnati Faculty Achievement Award, 1995

Award in Chemical Sensors, 1996

ACS Division of Analytical Chemistry Award for Excellence in Teaching, 1997

Torbern Bergman Medal in Analytical Chemistry, Swedish Chemical Society, 1999

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Elected Fellow, 2001

Fields of Analytical Chemistry Award, 2003

Award for Excellence in Doctoral Mentoring, 2003-04

UC/21 President's Excellence Award, 2006

Outstanding Achievement Award of the Sensors Division, Electrochemical Society, 2006

Distinguished Honorary Professor, The Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, 2007

American Chemical Society Fellow (inaugural class), 2009

National Academy of Inventors, inducted 2010

2015 -2015 Award for Distinguished Service in the Advancement of Analytical Chemistry American Chemical Society Division of Analytical Chemistry

ACS Award in Analytical Chemistry

Service

(Faculty/Staff Awards Committee )Committee Chair Type:Departmental Service Level:Department

(GINS Search Committee )Committee Member Type:Departmental Service Level:Department

(Intellectual Property Committee )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University

(Research Officers )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University

(A&S STEM Innitiative Committee )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:College

Texas Tech University Department of Chemistry Chair's Council Council Member Type:Other Educational Service Level:Department

Society for Electroanalytical Chemistry (Awards Committee )Committee Member Type:Service to Professional Associations Level:International

Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry (International Academic Committee )Committee Member Type:Other Educational Service Level:International

Warwick University - Warwick Centre for Analytical Science (Advisory Board )Board Member Type:Other Educational Service Level:International

Electroanalysis (Editorial Board )Editorial Board Member Type:Editorial Service Level:International

YSI, Inc. (Technical Advisory Board )Board Member Type:Other Level:State

(Graduate Fellows Advisory Committee to Provost Ono )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University

(Ohio Eminent Scholar Search Committee )Co-Chair Type:University/College Service Level:University

Long Range Implementation Committee Committee Member Type:Departmental Service

(Industrial Affiliates )Committee Member Type:Departmental Service

International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE Prize for Environmental Electrochemistry Award Committee )Committee Member Type:Service to Professional Associations

(Graduate Fellows Presidental Advisory Committee to President Ono )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University

(A&S Senior Grant Administrator Search Committee )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:College

(Departmental RPT Committee )Committee Member Type:Departmental Service Level:Department

(UC Strategic Planning Committee Pathway C. Industry Interaction )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University

(Intellectual Property Visionary Committee )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University

(UCRI CEO Search Committee )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University

Department Head Type:Departmental Service Level:Department 09-15-2010 -08-30-2013

Ohio Federal Military Jobs Commission (Ohio Federal Military Jobs Commission Team )Committee Member Type:Community Service Level:State 11-2014 -2015

(Ad hoc Hiring Committee )Committee Member Type:Departmental Service Level:Department 11-2014 -To Present

(Search Committee for Ohio Eminent Scholar on Membrane Science & Technology )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:College 07-21-2014 -To Present

(CEAS Cluster Hiring Search Committee for Sensors )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:College 02-24-2014 -To Present

(A&S Structure Committee )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:College 09-09-2013 -04-07-2014

Ex-Officio Committee Member (Intellectual Property Committee )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University

(Electroanalytical/Sensors Faculty Search Committee )Committee Chair Type:Departmental Service

Ad Hoc Headship Review Committee Committee Chair Type:Departmental Service

(Water Cluster Faculty Search Committee )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:College

(Cross Disciplinary Research Task Force )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University

(Sensor Community Retreat Organization )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University

(Ad Hoc Committee on Core Courses & Graduate Student Support )Committee Chair Type:Departmental Service Level:Department

(Ohio Eminent Scholar in Nanobiodevices Search Committee )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University 2016 -2017

(2017 Distinguished STEMM Research Professor Awards Selection Committee )Committee Member Type:University/College Service Level:University 2016 -To Present

(Sustainability Faculty Search Committee )Committee Member Type:Departmental Service

Keywords

biological, sensors

Professional Affiliation

American Chemical Society

Cincinnati Section American Chemical Society

Society for Electroanalytical Chemistry

The Electrochemical Society

International Society of Electrochemistry

American Association for Advancement of Science

Fellow of the Graduate School of the University of Cincinnati

Sigma Xi

2010 -To Present: National Academy of Inventors University of Cincinnati,

1990 -To Present: American Friends of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Alexander von Humboldt Foundation,

Courses Taught

15-CHEM-971 RESEARCH Level:Graduate

15-CHEM-771 INTRO TO RESEARCH Level:Graduate

15-CLAS-971 PHD DISSRTATION RES Level:Graduate

15-CHEM-743 ELECTROANALYT CHEM Level:Graduate

15-CHEM-771 INTRO TO RESEARCH Level:Graduate

15-CHEM-971 RESEARCH Level:Graduate

Electroanalytical Chemistry Level:Graduate

Undergraduate Research in Chemistry Level:Undergraduate

Chemical Sensors 1: Electrochemical and Optical Sensors Level:Graduate

Chemical Sensors 1: Electrochemical and Optical Sensors Level:Graduate

Patents and Inventions

13/246,090 8,858,800 Method and Apparatus for Simultaneous Spectroelectrochemical Analysis S. Chatterjee, S. A. Bryan, C. A. Schroll and W. R. Heineman, Awarded 11-19-2013 Co-Inventor