Abby Peairs

Abby D Peairs

Associate Professor

Professional Summary

I earned a B.S. in Biology (Mary Washington College) and a Ph.D. in Nutrition in Sports and Chronic Disease (Virginia Tech). I joined the University of Cincinnati Faculty in 2010 after completing my post-doctoral fellowship in immunology at the Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine. I have experience in clinical and laboratory studies of human nutrition, exercise physiology, and immunology. My career objectives are to research the effect of diet on inflammation and oxidative stress in diabetes and obesity and subsequent effects on endothelial function and cardiovascular disease risk. I am specifically interested in the DASH diet as a pattern to reduce CVD risk in various populations and disease states through mechanisms including inflammation and oxidative stress. My current research studies include investigating the effects of the DASH diet on blood sugar levels in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes (as that is essential to being able to test the effects of this diet on cardiovascular parameters) and the usefulness of the DASH diet in weight management and reduction in CV risk profile in adolescents with obesity.   I also teach courses in both the graduate and undergraduate programs.  At the undergraduate level, I teach Nutrition and Exercise and Advanced Nutrition I.  At the graduate level, I teach the metabolism courses Macronutrients and Vitamins and Minerals.  
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Education

Doctoral degree, Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA, 2007 (Nutrition in Sports and Chronic Disease)

Bachelor's Degree, Mary Washington College Fredericksburg, VA, 2000 (Biology)

Positions and Work Experience

08-01-2019 -To Present Associate Professor, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

Research and Practice Interests

The effects of the DASH diet on blood sugar levels in adolescents with type 1 diabetes
The effect of dietary intake on athletic performance and relationships between dietary patterns and indices of recovery in athletes.

Publications

Published Abstracts

Bruzina,A., Peairs,A., Mangine,R., Hasselfeld,K., Detherage,J., Divine,J. (2017. )Relationship between physiological load, body composition, and performance across a season in female soccer athletes .[Abstract]Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise (MSSE), Suppl Issue ,May

Peairs,Abigail, Hess,Melody, Shah,Amy, Couch,Sarah (2015. )Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Diet Modified for Diabetes .[Abstract]The FASEB Journal, 29 (1 Supplement ),

Couch,S., Crandell,J., Peairs,A., Liese,A., Shah,A., Dolan,L., Tooze,J., Crume,T., King,I., Mayer-Davis,E. (2013. )Polyunsaturated Fatty acids (PUFA) and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Youth with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D): SEARCH Nutrition Ancillary Study .[Abstract]Diabetes, 62(Suppl.1) ,A346

Peairs,A., Hess,M., Shah,A., Couch,S. (2012. )DASH for Diabetes Controlled Feeding Study .[Abstract]Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 112 (9(Suppl) ),A35

Srinivasan,R., Coyle,D., Batra,N., Blanco,V., Tong,W., Palascak,M., Franco,R., Chatterjee,T., Hui,D., Davidson,W., Aronow,B., Ozhegov,E., Manka,D., Peairs,A., Blomkalns,A., Weintraub,N., Bogdanov,V. (2012. )RBC-Macrophage Inflammatory Axis: Potential Role in Atherosclerosis .[Abstract]Circulation, 126(Suppl 21) ,A19046

Srinivasan,R., Coyle,D., Batra,N., Blanco,V., Tong,W., Palascak,M., Franco,R., Chatterjee,T., Hui,D., Davidson,W., Aronow,B., Kalfa,T., Manka,D., Peairs,A., Blomkalns,A., Weintraub,N., Bogdanov,V. (2012. )Red Blood Cells As a Novel Mediator of Chronic Inflammation in Diet-Induced Obesity: Implications for Atherosclerosis .[Abstract]Blood, 120 ,3198

Reilly,Christopher, Regna,Nicole, Peairs,Abigail (2010. )EGCG Inhibits Inflammation Independently of AMPK (87.10) .[Abstract]The Journal of Immunology, 184 (1 Supplement ),87.10-87.10

Peer Reviewed Publications

Jones, Shannon M; Mann, Adrien; Conrad, Kelsey; Saum, Keith; Hall, David E; McKinney, Lisa M; Robbins, Nathan; Thompson, Joel; Peairs, Abigail D; Camerer, Eric; Rayner, Katey J; Tranter, Michael; Mackman, Nigel; Owens, A Phillip (2018. )PAR2 (Protease-Activated Receptor 2) Deficiency Attenuates Atherosclerosis in Mice.Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology, ,38 (6 ),1271-1282

Peairs, Abigail D; Shah, Amy S; Summer, Suzanne; Hess, Melody; Couch, Sarah C (2017. )Effects of the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet on glucose variability in youth with Type 1 diabetes. Diabetes management (London, England), ,7 (5 ),383-391

Couch,S. C., Crandell,J., King,I., Peairs,A., Shah,A. S., Dolan,L. M., Tooze,J., Crume,T., Mayer-Davis,E. (2017. )Associations between long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular lipid risk factors in youth with type 1 diabetes: SEARCH Nutrition Ancillary Study .Journal of diabetes and its complications, ,31 (1 ),67 -73

Unruh,D., Srinivasan,R., Benson,T., Haigh,S., Coyle,D., Batra,N., Keil,R., Sturm,R., Blanco,V., Palascak,M., Franco,R. S., Tong,W., Chatterjee,T., Hui,D. Y., Davidson,W. S., Aronow,B. J., Kalfa,T., Manka,D., Peairs,A., Blomkalns,A., Fulton,D. J., Brittain,J. E., Weintraub,N. L., Bogdanov,V. Y. (2015. )Red Blood Cell Dysfunction Induced by High-Fat Diet: Potential Implications for Obesity-Related Atherosclerosis .Circulation, ,132 (20 ),1898 -1908

Peairs,A. D., Rankin,J. W., Lee,Y. W. (2011. )Effects of acute ingestion of different fats on oxidative stress and inflammation in overweight and obese adults .Nutrition journal, ,10 ,122 -2891-10-122

Rankin, JW and Abigail D. Turpyn (2007. )Low carbohydrate, high fat diet increases C-reactive protein during weight loss. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, ,26 (2 ),163-169

Peairs,A., Dai,R., Gan,L., Shimp,S., Rylander,M. N., Li,L., Reilly,C. M. (2010. )Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) attenuates inflammation in MRL/lpr mouse mesangial cells .Cellular & molecular immunology, ,7 (2 ),123 -132

Peairs,A., Radjavi,A., Davis,S., Li,L., Ahmed,A., Giri,S., Reilly,C. M. (2009. )Activation of AMPK inhibits inflammation in MRL/lpr mouse mesangial cells .Clinical and experimental immunology, ,156 (3 ),542 -551

Peairs,A. T., Rankin,J. W. (2008. )Inflammatory response to a high-fat, low-carbohydrate weight loss diet: effect of antioxidants .Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), ,16 (7 ),1573 -1578

Book Chapter

Peairs,A., Abbey,E. (2013 )Antioxidants and inflammation in obesity Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions in Diabetes .(pp. 413-434).San Diego,Academic Press

Post Graduate Training and Education

2007-2009 Postdoctoral fellow, Focused on autoimmunity and inflammation and interactions between nutrition, metabolism, and inflammation, Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine, ,Blacksburg, VA

Contact Information

Academic - Health Sciences Building
3225 Eden Avenue
Cincinnati  Ohio, 45267
Phone: 513-558-7034
Fax: 513-558-7500
abigail.peairs@uc.edu